Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
ANNEMOND (CHAMOND) of LYONS, Archbishop of Lyons (east-central France), friend of St. Wilfrid of York (12th October), and godfather of Chlothar III, King of Neustria and Burgundy, (r. 658–673). He was murdered in 657 by the tyrannical Mayor of the Palace of Neustria Ebroin (†680/1) in Chalon-sur-Saône, in the present-day region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.
CONWALL (CONVAL) of STRATHCLYDE, an Irish priest, St. Conwall went to Scotland where he became a disciple of St. Kentigern Mungo (13th January) and worked to spread the Gospel. He reposed circa 630.
EUSTOCHIUM, the third daughter of St. Paula of Rome (26th January). St. Eustochium received monastic tonsure from St. Jerome (30th September) in 382. In 386, SS. Eustochium and Paula accompanied St. Jerome to Bethlehem where St. Eustochium assisted St. Jerome with his Bible translation work — he dedicated his commentaries on Isaias (Isaiah) and Ezekiel to her. Whilst in Bethlehem St. Jerome founded several monasteries, making St. Paula abbess of them. Following the repose in 404 of St. Paula, St. Eustochium succeeded her mother as abbess, serving until her repose in 419.
EXUPERIUS (SOUPIRE) of TOULOUSE, fifth Bishop of Toulouse (southern France) from circa 400 until his repose circa 411. As bishop St. Exuperius finished construction of the Basilica of St. Saturninus, begun by his predecessor, but he is best remembered for his great austerity, simplicity of life, and selfless charity not just to the people of his diocese, but also to the monks of the Holy Land, Egypt, and Libya. St. Jerome (30th September) praised his virtues, and in appreciation for his gifts, St. Jerome dedicated his Commentary on Zacharias to St. Exuperius.
FAUSTUS of RIEZ, born circa 408 in Brittany (north-western France), St. Faustus received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins (abbaye Notre Dame de Lérins) on one of the Lérins Islands in the Mediterranean Ocean off the Côte d’Azur in France, and later served as its Abbot. He was consecrated second Bishop of Riez (in present-day Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) circa 459. Throughout his life, St. Faustus was a resolute opponent of both Arianism and Pelagianism; and continued the work of St. John Cassian (23rd July) defending orthodox doctrine against heresy. St. Faustus reposed circa 490.
LIOBA of BISCHOFFSHEIM, one of the group of nuns from Wimborne Abbey in Dorset, England, who, at St. Boniface's (5th June) request, left England for Frisia (present-day Netherlands) in 748 to assist him in his Apostolic labours. St. Boniface made her Abbess of the newly founded Abbey at Bischoffsheim. St. Lioba and her nuns played a key role in the conversion of the Germans. She reposed circa 781, and was buried, like St. Boniface, at Fulda Abbey (Kloster Fulda) in the present-day German state of Hesse.
MACHAN, (Date Unknown), a Scot who trained in Ireland before going to Rome, where he was consecrated bishop. St. Machan then returned to Scotland. However, aside from an entry in the Aberdeen Breviary alluding to his miracles, nothing certain is known of his life.
MARTIAL of NORTH AFRICA, LAURENCE of NORTH AFRICA, and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), a group of twenty-two martyrs in Numidia (present-day Algeria). Beyond the names of two of their company, SS. Martial and Laurence, nothing is known of them.
PATERNUS of AUCH, a second century Bishop of Auch in present-day south-western France.
PRIVATUS of ROME, a Roman who was scourged to death in 223, in the persecutions of Christians during the reign of the Emperor Severus Alexander (r. 222–235).
SILVINUS of BRESCIA, a fifth century Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy (northern Italy). St. Silvinus reposed in 444.
SOLOMON (SALONIUS) of GENOA, the first Bishop of Genoa (north-west Italy), St. Solomon reposed circa 269.
STACTEUS, (Date Unknown), a martyr in Rome of whom no further information is extant.
TETTA, St. Tetta was an Abbess of Wimborne in Dorset, England, and a friend of St. Boniface (5th June). St. Tetta sent nuns from Wimborne to support St. Boniface in his evangelisation of the Germans. St. Tetta reposed in the second half of the eighth century, and many miracles were attributed to her intercession.
WENCESLAS (WENCESLAUS, VIACHESLAV), Prince of Bohemia (western Czech Republic), he was raised as a Christian by his grandmother, the future martyr St. Ludmilla of Czechia (16th September). St. Wenceslas' promotion of Christianity throughout Bohemia was met with great hostility by the native pagans. St. Wenceslas was martyred circa 935 — the result of a plot fomented by a group of pagan nobles and Boleslaus, his pagan brother and heir to the throne. St. Wenceslas is the patron-saint of Czechia, and is the subject of the popular Carol, Good King Wenceslas, published by John Mason Neale in 1853.
WILLIGOD of MOYENMOUTIER and MARTIN of MOYENMOUTIER, (Seventh Century), originally monks at St. Hidulf's (11th July) monastery in Moyenmoutier (eastern France). SS. Willigod and Martin founded a monastery at Romont in the present-day Swiss canton of Fribourg, serving as the first and second Abbots, respectively.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.