Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
1st September (NS) — 19th August (OS)

by | 1 Sep, 2017 | Orthodox Western Saints

19th August O.S.


BADULF (BADOUR, BADOLF), an Abbot of Ainay Abbey, near Lyons in present-day France. He reposed circa A.D. 850. Nothing else is known about him.

BERTULF, as the son of a pagan noble St. Bertulf was raised as a pagan. However, the holy live of his close relative, St. Arnulf of Metz (10th July), so inspired him that he became a Christian. In A.D. 620 he received monastic tonsured at Luxeuil Abbey. Soon after Abbot St. Attalas (10th March) of Bobbio visited Luxeuil, and St. Bertulf and Attal became friends, and with a blessing from Abbot Eustace of Luxeuil, St. Bertulf left Luxeuil, and the community at Bobbio. Following the repose of St. Attala, A.D. 627, Bertulf was elected to be the successor of St. Attala as Abbot of Bobbio. St. Bertulf reposed A.D. 640.

CALMINIUS (CALMILIUS), (Sixth or Seventh Century), the founder of Mozac Abbey, in Puy-de-Dôme; Laguenne Abbey (near Tulle, Corrèze), and the abbey of Monastier-Saint-Chaffre. His widow, St. Namadia (vide infra), received monastic tonsure at Marsat in Puy-de-Dôme, a dependency of Mozac, upon St. Calminius’ repose. The relics of both these saints are enshrined in the abbey church at Mozac.

CREDAN, (Eighth Century), St. Credan served as Abbot of Evesham in Worcestershire, England during the reign of King Offa of Mercia. Though the details of his life are lost to the passage of time, he is remembered in various calendars and menologies.

DONATUS, a hierodeacon from Orléans who lived as a hermit on Mt. Jura near Sisteron in Provence, reposing circa A.D. 535.

ELAPHIUS (ELAPHE), the 17th Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in Gaul who was sent as an envoy to Spain, but reposed whilst travelling there.

GUENNINUS, a seventh century Bishop of Vannes in Brittany whose relics are enshrined in St. Peter’s Cathedral, Vannes (Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Vannes).

Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.

JULIUS, (Late Second Century), a Roman senator who was scourged to -death for being a Christian.

LEOVIGILD and CHRISTOPHER, two members of the group of forty-eight martyred in Cordoba under Abd ar-Rahman II between A.D. 851 and 859, and commonly known as the Martyrs of Cordoba. St. Leovigild was a priest-monk in Cordoba, and St. Christopher a monk at the monastery of St. Martin de La Rojana near Cordoba. They were both martyred by decapitation, A.D. 852.

MAGNUS (MAGNE), a governor of Avignon, and father of St. Agricola (2nd September). Following his wife’s death, he received monastic tonsure at Lérins Abbey. He later was consecrated the 34th Bishop of Avignon, appointing his son co-adjutor. St. Magnus reposed A.D. 660

MARIANUS, a hermit in the forest of Entraigues in Berry in Gaul who reposed circa A.D. 515. St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) was the author of St. Marianus’ Life.

MARINUS, Abbot-Bishop of the monastery of St. Peter in Besalu, Catalonia, Spain. St. Marinus reposed circa A.D. 800.

MOCHTA (MOCHTEUS), St. Mochta, originally from either Scotland or England, went to Ireland where he became the founding Abbot-Bishop of Louth, Co. Louth. Many sources state St. Mochta flourished during the sixth century, though most assert he was consecrated Bishop by St. Patrick (17th March), which would place him in the fifth century.

NAMADIA, the wife of St. Calminius (vide supra) who received monastic tonsure at Marsat, a dependency of Mozac, in Puy-de-Dôme, upon St. Calminius’ repose. The relics of both these saints are enshrined in the abbey church at Mozac.

RUFINUS, (Date Unknown), there is no information extant on the life of St. Rufinus, who is listed in the Roman Martyrology as a Confessor. He could have been a priest, and has been venerated in Mantua in Lombardy from time immemorial.

SEBALDUS of NUREMBERG (SINIBALD, SEBALD), There are no certain details of this saint’s life known to us. It is likely he was a Frank, who after a pilgrimage to Rome, joined St. Willibald (7th July) in his evangelisation of the Germans. His work seemed to have centred around the area of Nuremberg, of which city he is the patron saint. St. Sebaldus most probably reposed circa A.D. 770.

1st September N.S.

Start of the Indiction.

Icon for Church New Year – Indiction

Icon for Church New Year – Indiction

Beginning of the Liturgical Year.

AGIA (AIA, AYE), (Sixth Century), mother of St. Lupus of Sens (vide infra #LupusS), she was a woman of great holiness who has been venerated as a saint since her repose.

ARCANUS, following a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, St Arcanus founded a monastery to enshrine relics which they had brought back. This monastery grew to become Borgo Santo Sepolcro in Tuscany. Circa A.D. 1050 is given as the year of his repose.

CONSTANTIUS, a Bishop of Aquino (Aquinum) in Lazio (present-day Italy). St. Constantius is mentioned by Pope St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) in his Dialogues, and was known for his gift of prophecy. St. Constantius reposed circa A.D. 520.

FIRMINUS of AMIENS, (Fourth Century), named for St. Firminus (25th September), who, as first Bishop of Amiens in Picardy, had baptised his father, this St. Firminus was third Bishop of Amiens.

GILES (ÆGIDIUS, GILLES), (Eighth Century), there is little in the way of reliable information on his life. St. Giles is believed to have been born in Athens, but seems to have gone to what is today Languedoc and Provence in France. There he lived primarily as a hermit, though is said to have founded an abbey in what is now the town of St-Gilles-du-Gard. The tomb in this abbey, which was rededicated to him in the tenth century A.D., became a place of pilgrimage and a stop on the road from Arles to Santiago de Compostela. The cultus of St. Giles quickly spread throughout Europe, with numerous churches and monasteries dedicated to him in Britain, France, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Spain.

LUPUS (LEU) of SENS, (Seventh Century), a member of the royal house of the Kingdom of Burgundy, who served as the nineteenth Bishop of Sens in Burgundy.

LYTHAN (LLYTHAOTHAW), St. Lythan is the patron saint of two churches in the Diocese of Llandaff. Nothing further, including the years he flourished, is known of his life.

NIVARD, Bishop of Rheims from sometime before A.D. 657 until his repose circa A.D. 670. St. Nivard is buried at Hautvilliers Abbey, which he had restored.

PRISCUS, according to tradition St. Priscus was one of the Seventy, and that he accompanied the Apostle Peter (29th June) to Italy, and may have been the first Bishop of Capua in Campania. It is believed to have been martyred under Nero, circa A.D. 66.

PRISCUS, CASTRENSIS, TAMMARUS, ROSIUS, HERACLIUS, SECUNDINUS, ADJUTOR, MARK, AUGUSTUS, ELPIDIUS, CANION, and VINDONIUS, St. Priscus, was a bishop in North Africa, who along with his priests, was exiled by the Arian Vandals. Finding sanctuary in southern Italy they applied themselves to pastoral work and preaching the Gospel. It is possible that some of them were appointed bishops of the Sees in which they had served.

REGULUS, a native of Africa who was forced into exile by the Arian Vandals. He settled in Tuscany, but seems to have been martyred during the Ostrogoth invasions under Totila (circa A.D. 545).

SIXTUS (XYSTUS) of RHEIMS, the first Bishop of Rheims, there are several traditions about him, but the most likely one says that he founded the Sees of Rheims and Soissons, having been sent to evangelise Gaul by Pope St. Sixtus II (6th August). St. Sixtus reposed circa A.D. 300. Nothing more can be stated with any certainty about his life.

TERENTIAN, a Bishop of Todi in Umbria who is said to have been arrested during Hadrian’s persecutions. After being tortured on the rack, and having his tongue cut out, St. Terentian was beheaded, A.D. 118.

TWELVE HOLY BROTHERS, there are two traditions regarding these saints. One is that they are the children of SS. Boniface and Thecla (30th August), and were martyred shortly after their parents. However, there is no reliable account of their martyrdom extant. The other is in A.D. 760, the relics of a group of martyrs in southern Italy dating from circa A.D. 303, were gathered together and enshrined in Benevento, Italy as a group then called the “Twelve Holy Brothers”.

VERENA, (Third Century) a native of Egypt who travelled to Switzerland in search of a relative who was a member of the Theban Legion (22nd September). St. Verena eventually settled as an anchoress near Zürich.

VIBIANA (BIBIANA), (Date Unknown), an early virgin-martyr of whom nothing is known. The relics of St. Vibiana are enshrined in the mausoleum of the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, in Los Angeles California.

VICTORIUS, sixth Bishop of Le Mans from circa A.D. 453, until his repose circa A.D. 490. He is said to have been a disciple of St. Martin of Tours (11th November). St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) attested to his miracles and holiness of life.

VINCENT and LAETUS, (Date Unknown), two Spanish martyrs who have traditionally venerated in Toledo Spain.

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