Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
ANACHARIUS (AUNACHARIUS, AUNACHAIRE, AUNAIRE), Born near Orléans, he was educated at the court of King Guntram of Burgundy. St. Anacharius became a disciple of St. Syagrius (27th August), Bishop of Autun; and on the repose of St. Ætherius (27th July) St. Anacharius was chosen as his successor and consecrated eighteenth Bishop of Auxerre (572). As bishop he restored clerical discipline, supressed popular pagan customs, and convoked the Council of Auxerre (578 or 585). St. Anacharius reposed 604.
AURELIA and NEOMISIA, (Date Unknown), believed to have been of Asiatic origin who went on a pilgrimage to Syria, the Holy Land, and Rome. Captured and tortured by Saracens, but were able to escape during a thunderstorm. SS. Aurelia and Neomisia took shelter at Macerata near Anagni, where they reposed.
BARR (FINBAR, BARROCUS), (Sixth Century), St. Barr was born in Connaught in Ireland and after completing his studies and receiving monastic tonsure, he is said to have returned to his home where his lived on a small island. He is believed to have founded several small churches in the surrounding area. The culmination of his life’s work was the founding of a monastic school at Lough Eire, which became the foundation of the city of Cork where he served as first Bishop. St. Barr reposed at Cloyne, Co. Cork, after serving as Bishop of Cork for sixteen years, though the exact dates of his life are not known.
CAIAN, there is little more to support the existence of St. Caian than the presence of a church dedicated to him at Tregaian in Anglesey dating from the fourteenth century. The name Tregaian is Welsh for "Caian’s settlement". We are unsure as to the time St. Caian might have lived as some sources place him in the sixth century, whilst others, which are the most credible, claim St. Caian lived in the fifth century, and was either a son or grandson of the great Welsh king St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April).
CEOLFRID (GEOFFREY), a native of Northumbria, St. Ceolfrid received monastic tonsure at Gilling in Yorkshire, England. He spent some time at Ripon before settling at Wearmouth-Jarrow where he succeeded St. Benedict Biscop (12th January) as Abbot of that great monastic centre. St. Ceolfrid is remembered as the teacher of St. Bede the Venerable (25th May), and for producing the Codex Amiatinus, the oldest surviving one-volume copy of St. Jerome’s (30th September) Vulgate. St. Ceolfrid reposed at Langres in France (716) whilst on a pilgrimage to Rome. His relics were later translated to Wearmouth-Jarrow where they were enshrined.
EGELRED, St. Egelred was a monk at Crowland Abbey in Lincolnshire, England, and is numbered amongst the countless brethren martyred during the sack of the Abbey by the heathen Danes in 870.
ERMENFROY (ERMENFRIDUS), a disciple of St. Waldebert (2nd May) at Luxeuil Abbey and later Founder-Abbot of the Priory of Cusance. St. Ermenfroy reposed circa 670.
FIRMINUS (FERMIN) of AMIENS, a native of Pamplona in Navarre who was converted by St. Saturninus (29th November), Bishop of Toulouse, and later served as the first Bishop of Amiens. According to tradition St. Ferminus was martyred in 257, by being tied to a bull, and dragged to death. He is also the co-patron saint of Navarre in Spain, where is feast in the capital Pamplona is associated with the Running of the Bulls.
FYMBERT, (Seventh Century), a bishop in the west of Scotland, St. Fymbert is said to have been consecrated by Pope St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September). There is no further information on his life extant.
HERCULANUS, (Second Century), a Roman soldier who is said to have become a Christian at the martyrdom of Pope St. Alexander I (3rd May), and soon after martyred himself.
LUPUS of LYONS, Archbishop of Lyons from 535 until his repose 542. St. Lupus is in all likelihood the first prelate of Lyons to use the title of Metropolitan. During the political upheaval following the martyrdom of King St. Sigismund (1st May), St. Lupus is said to have suffered greatly.
MEWROG, (Date Unknown), St. Mewrog was a Welsh saint, the details of whose life have not survived.
PRINCIPIUS (PRINCE, PRINCIPE), the twelfth Bishop of Soissons (circa 474 until his repose 505. He assisted his brother St. Remigius of Rheims (1st October) at the baptism of Clovis I.
SOLEMNIS (SOLEINE),the fourteenth Bishop of Chartres from circa 490 until his repose circa 511. His brother, St. Aventinus (4th February), succeeded him as Bishop of Chartres.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.