Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
ASTERIUS of PÉRIGORD, after being catechised and baptised by St. Eparchus of Périgord, St. Asterius left the world to live as a hermit. In time, as with his catechist, St. Asterius' reputation for holiness and wonderworking led people to him, seeking guidance and healing. St. Asterius reposed 640.
ASTERIUS of ROME, (Third Century), an ordinand of Pope St. Callistus I (14th October). Following St. Callistus' martyrdom, St. Asterius secretly buried him, thus incurring the wrath of Emperor Alexander, who ordered that St. Asterius be thrown into the Tiber at Ostia. Several of the ancient martyrologies list him on 19th October.
CILINIA, the mother of SS. Principius (25th September), Bishop of Soissons and Remigius (1st October), Bishop of Reims and Apostle of the Franks. Some sources state she was blind. St. Cilina was well known for her holiness, and recognised soon after her repose (circa 458) as a saint.
CONDEDUS (CONDÉ, CONDÈDE), an English hermit at Fontaine-de-Saint-Valéry who joined the community of the Abbey of St Wandrille in Fontenelle, Normandy. In later years, St. Condedus lived as a hermit again, this time on an island in the river Seine near present-day Caudebec-en-Caux, not far from Fontenelle Abbey. St. Condedus reposed circa 685.
FINIAN (FINTAN MUNNU), St. Finian was an Irish disciple of St. Columba (9th June) at Iona. Following the repose of St. Columba, St. Finian returned to Ireland where he founded, and served as first Abbot of the celebrated monastery of Teach-munnu (present-day Taghmon, Co. Wexford) in 599. St. Finian is principally remembered for his support of the Celtic method of calculating the date of Easter, defending the practice at the Synod of Magh Lene in 630. The following year, at the Synod of Magh Ailbe St. Finian unsuccessfully argued in favour of the Celtic method against St. Laserian (18th April), and when the Synod ruled in favour of the Roman practice, St. Finian accepted the decision without question. According to the Annals of Tigernach St. Finian reposed in 634. He is listed in the Aberdeen Breviary as St. Mundus, abbot.
Troparion of St. Finian — Tone VIII
As a disciple of Iona's founder, thou wast rooted firmly in the Faith and the monastic disciplines,
O Founder of Taghmon's Monastery, holy Father Fintan, Righteous Ascetic and Champion
of our Church. As thou didst defend the tradition
of our Fathers in the Faith, defend us, O Saint,
from soul-destroying innovations, that we
stray not from the way of salvation.
HUGH of AMBRONAY, (Ninth or Tenth Century), the third Abbot of the original foundation of the Abbey of Notre-Dame d'Ambronay, in the Rhône-Alpes region of present-day France.
MALATHGENY of CLUAIN-EDNEACH, St. Malathgeny is listed on the calendar of several Orthodox jurisdictions, including the Moscow Patriarchate, and a date for his feast is listed by the Bollandists in the Acta Sanctorum. There seems to be no further information on his life other than the assertion that he was ‘of Cluain-Edneach (Cluain-Edhnech, Clonenagh)’ in Co. Laois Ireland, the famous monastery founded by St. Fintan (3rd January). St. Malathgeny reposed in 767.
MAURONTUS, an Abbot of the Abbey of Saint-Victor de Marseille, and later the (eleventh?) Bishop of Marseilles. St. Maurontus reposed circa 804.
TUDA, a native of Ireland, St. Tuda travelled to Lindisfarne where he succeeded St. Colmán St. Colman (18th February) as Bishop. A man of great ability and holiness of life, St. Tuda was a staunch supporter of the Roman practices regarding tonsure and the calculation of the date of Easter. His episcopal appointment promised great things to come, but he reposed within a year of his consecration, a victim of the plague which was laying waste to his flock at that time.
URSULA and COMPANIONS, (Fourth Century), according to tradition St. Ursula and her companions, numbering either eleven or eleven thousand, fled Britain during the invasion of the Saxons, settling near the mouth of the Rhine. There they were tortured to death for refusing to renounce Christ.
VIATOR, a Catechist and Reader at the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Lyons, and a disciple of St Justus (2nd September and 14th October), Archbishop of Lyons. St. Viator accompanied St. Justus to Scetis, where they lived as hermits. St. Viator reposed circa 390 at Scetis, his relics were later translated to Lyons.
WENDOLIN (WENDELIN, WENDEL), a seventh century hermit near Trier. There is no reliable information of his life, as the first Life wasn't written until the early fifteenth century. According to some traditions, St. Wendolin was a Scottish prince, or possibly from Ireland. His tomb, near the present-day town of Sankt Wendel in Saarland, Germany, has been the site of many miracles.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.