Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
ÆTHELBERHT of EASTRY and ÆTHELRED of EASTRY, brothers of St. Æbba (19th November), and grandsons of St. Æthelberht (24th February), King of Kent (r. 560–616). According to the Kentish Royal Legend (which, though it dates from the mid-eleventh century is generally considered to be reliable), these pious youths were killed (circa 640) by a royal retainer by the name of Thunor who wished to secure the succession of his patron King Ecgberht I († 673) to the throne by eliminating them from the line. They were venerated as martyrs soon after their repose, and it is said many miracles (the details of which are lost to us) were attributed to them. Their relics were translated to Ramsey Abbey in Huntingdonshire, England circa 978–92.
ANSTRUDIS (AUSTRUDE, AUSTRU) of LAON, daughter of St. Salaberga (22nd September), the founding-Abbess of the Abbey of St. John the Baptist (abbaye Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Laon) in Laon, Picardy (northern France). St. Anstrudis entered monastic life along with her mother and succeeded her as Abbess. During the time St. Anstrudis was Abbess, the tyrannical Mayor of the Palace of Neustria, Ebroin (†680/1) was maliciously persecuting the church and in addition to the tribulation he inflicted directly on St. Anstrudis and her community, Ebroin also was responsible for the assassination of her brother St. Baldwin (16th October). St. Anstrudis reposed in 688.
BERARIUS of LE MANS, a Bishop of Le Mans (north-western France). St. Berarius is best remembered for translating the relics of St. Scholastica (10th February) from Monte Cassino to Le Mans. St. Berarius reposed circa 680.
COLMAN of KILROOT, (Sixth Century), a disciple of St. Ailbe of Emly (12th September), and later Abbot-Bishop of Kilroot near Carrickfergus, Co. Antrim in present-day Ulster.
FLORENTIUS of ORANGE, the eighth Bishop of Orange in the south of present-day France. He was known for his piety, generosity, scholarship, and relentless defence of the faith against heresies. St. Florentius reposed circa 526.
IGNATIUS of ANTIOCH, (Θεοφόρος [Theophoros] "God-bearer"), the Hieromartyr Ignatius the God-Bearer was the second Bishop of Antioch, Succeeding St. Euodius of the Seventy (7th September). After refusing to make sacrifices to pagan idols (circa 107), Emperor Trajan ordered that St. Ignatius be transported to Rome, and be thrown to wild beasts in the amphitheatre. During the journey to Rome, St. Ignatius composed a series of letters which are an archetype of early Christian theology. The relics of St. Ignatius are enshrined at St. Peter's in Rome.
Troparion of St. Ignatius of Antioch — Tone IV
By sharing in the ways of the Apostles,
you became a successor to their throne.
Through the practice of virtue, you found the way to divine contemplation, O inspired one of God;
by teaching the word of truth without error, you defended the Faith, even to the shedding of your blood.
Hieromartyr Ignatius, entreat Christ God to save our souls.
Kontakion of St. Ignatius of Antioch — Tone III
The stirring celebration of your victorious fight
Is an announcement of the One who is to be born of the Virgin.
In your eagerness to possess Him forever,
You hastened to be devoured by the wild beasts.
Therefore, O glorious Ignatius, you were called the bearer of God!
LOUTHIERN, (Sixth Century), an Irish saint who is the patron of St. Ludgran in Cornwall, England. Beyond his name and connexion to Cornwall there is no information on this saint extant. It is highly possible he is the same saint as the possibly apocryphal St. Luchtigern (28th April) who is said to have been Abbot of Inneistymon, and associated with St. St. Íte (Ita) of Cluain Credail (Killeedy) (15th January).
NOTHHELM (NOTHELM) of CANTERBURY, the eleventh Archbishop of Canterbury from 735 until his repose in 739. Held in great esteem by St. Boniface of Mainz (5th June), he was also a great friend of St. Bede the Venerable (25th May). St. Nothhelm gathered source material from Canterbury, and the Papal Library, and did research on the history of Kent and the surrounding area for St. Bede the Venerable’s Historia ecclesiastica. St. Bede the Venerable wrote In regum librum XXX quæstiones (On the Book of Kings, Thirty Questions) in response to St. Nothhelm’s thirty questions on the book of Kings, and may have written De VIII Quæstionibus (The Eight Questions) for St. Nothhelm as well. During his tenure as Archbishop of Canterbury, St. Nothhelm also oversaw the reorganisation of the Mercian (central England) dioceses, established once and for all the diocese of Leicester (east Midlands, England), and served as a witness on the charter of Eadberht I, King of Kent (r. 725–762). St. Nothhelm reposed on 17th October, 739, and was buried in Canterbury Cathedral.
REGULUS (RULE, RIAGAL) of SCOTLAND, (Fourth Century), there are several conflicting versions of St. Regulus’ Life extant; though he is always described as the custodian of the relics of St. Andrew. According to the Scottish tradition, which seems to date only from the twelfth century, St. Regulus, along with a group of nuns, which included St. Triduna (8th October), translated the relics of Apostle Andrew the First-Called from his native Patras in Greece to Scotland. This he did after an angel warned him in a dream that there was a danger of Emperor St. Constantine the Great, (r. 306–337) either invading the city of Patras and taking the relics, or that St. Constantine was simply going to have the relics translated to Constantinople, either way St. Regulus was told he should move the relics as far away as he could to the ‘ends of the earth’ for safekeeping. Landing on the shores of Fife at a Pictish settlement called Kilrymont, which is now St. Andrews, St. Regulus established a monastery for his community. In time monastery became a place of great pilgrimage, and a hospital was even built to care for the pilgrims.
SOLINA of CHARTRES, a maiden from Gascony, who, to avoid marriage to a pagan, fled to Chartres. She was beheaded there circa 290.
VICTOR of CAPUA, a sixth century Bishop of Capua (southern Italy) of whom nothing is known other than a recording of the inscription from his tomb which simply stated that his episcopate of thirteen years ended upon his repose in 554. St. Victor is noted for his learning and sanctity in the Roman Martyrology.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.