Western Saints of the Orthodox Church <br class="clearfix">—<br class="clearfix"> 16th October
AMBROSE (AMBROSE, AMBROSIUS) of CAHORS, historically counted as the thirteenth, though many traditions number him as sixteenth, Bishop of Cahors in Aquitaine (south-western France). The period of his episcopacy was quite tumultuous, and St. Ambrose was forced to quit his See in fear for his life more than once. Ultimately, St. Ambrose retired to spend the rest of his life as a hermit near Bourges (central France). St. Ambrose reposed, circa 752, soon after returning from a pilgrimage to Rome, at what is now called Saint-Ambroix in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
BALDERIC (BAUDRY) of MONTFAUCON, the founder and first Abbot of Montfaucon-d'Argonne Abbey in Loraine (north-eastern France). St. Balderic and his sister, St. Bova of Reims (24th April), were children of Sigebert I, King of Austrasia (r. 561–575). Several years after founding Montfaucon, St. Balderic founded the Abbey of Saint-Pierre-les-Dames in Reims (north-eastern France) with St. Bova as its first abbess. St. Balderic was the spiritual father of St. Wandrille of Fontenelle 22nd July, who spent a decade of his early years as a monk at Montfaucon. St. Balderic reposed circa 640 at Reims whilst visiting his sister.
BALDWIN (BAUDOIN), Archdeacon of Laon in Picardy (northern France), son of St. Salaberga (22nd September), and brother of St. Anstrudis of Laon (17th October). St. Baldwin was murdered circa 680, possibly by order of the tyrannical Mayor of the Palace of Neustria, Ebroin (†680/1), and subsequently venerated as a martyr.
BERCHARIUS, following his education under St. Nivard of Reims (1st September), Archbishop of Reims, St. Bercharius entered the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil) in Burgundy (east-central France). Returning to Reims, he prevailed upon St. Nivard to found the Abbey of St Peter (abbaye Saint-Pierre d'Hautvillers) in Hautvillers (north-eastern France), with St. Bercharius as its first Abbot. During his tenure as Abbot St. Bercharius also founded the men’s Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Montier-en-Der (abbaye Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul de Montier-en-Der) on land he had inherited, and Pellmoutier, Puellarum Monasterium (for women) in the Diocese of Châlons-sur-Marne near Reims. In 696 St. Bercharius was mortally wounded when stabbed by a monk he had reprimanded. When the offender was brought before him rather than condemn the monk, St. Bercharius simply told the monk to go to on a pilgrimage to Rome where he should seek absolution. St. Bercharius reposed two days after he was stabbed and was subsequently venerated as a martyr.
BOLONIA, a fifteen-year-old nun martyred during the reign of Emperor Julian the Apostate (r. 361–363). No further information seems to be extant.
CONOGAN of QUIMPER, a Breton saint whose life is sorely lacking in verifiable details. Possibly a native of Wales, St. Conogan is generally said to have been an early Bishop of Quimper in Brittany (north-western France). St. Conogan reposed in 460.
DULCIDIUS (DULCET, DOUCIS, DULCIDE) of AGEN, the fifth Bishop of Agen (south-western France), succeeding St. Phaebadius of Agen (25th April). St. Dulcidius is remembered for the fervour of his worship, his charity and care for the poor and the sick, as well as his ardent defence of the faith against Arianism. St. Dulcidius reposed circa 450.
ELIPHIUS (ELOFF, ÉLIPHE) of TOUL, a native of Ireland who was martyred in 362 at Toul (north-eastern France) during the reign of Emperor Julian the Apostate (r. 361–363) — the Acta Sanctorum states on Julian's personal orders. His relics were translated in the tenth century to Great St. Martin Church in Cologne in the present-day German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
EREMBERTA of WIERRE, (Seventh Century), a niece of St. Wulmar (20th July), and first Abbess of Wierre-au-Bois Monastery (monastère Wierre-au-Bois) in Pas-de-Calais (northern France), which was founded by St. Wulmar.
FLORENTINUS of TRIER, a fourth century Bishop of Trier in the present-day German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. No further information on his life is extant.
GALL (GALLUS), Apostle of Switzerland, a monk at Bangor (Bennchor) in Co. Down Ireland and one of the twelve disciples who accompanied St. Columbanus of Bobbio (23rd November) to France. A distinguished scholar of the scriptures, St. Gall was one of the founders of the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil) in Burgundy (east-central France). St. Gall later settled as a hermit near Lake Constance in present-day Switzerland where the monastery and town of Saint Gall later grew up. He reposed circa 645 and is venerated as one of the Apostles of Switzerland.
JUNIAN, (Fifth Century), a hermit at Comodoliac — now called Saint-Junien — in the Limousin region of present-day France.
LULL (LULLUS, LUL), a monk at Malmesbury Abbey in Wiltshire, who joined St. Boniface of Mainz's (5th June) mission to the Germans. St. Lull was consecrated bishop 751–52 by St. Boniface to serve as his auxiliary, and succeeded St. Boniface as the Archbishop of Mainz in 754. St. Lull reposed in 787.
MAGNOBODUS (MAINBOEUF) of ANGERS, a Frankish noble, chosen by popular acclaim to serve as (seventh?) Bishop of Angers in Anjou (western France). St. Magnobodus reposed circa 670.
MARTINIAN, SATURIAN, and COMPANIONS, Martyrs of Mauretania, four brothers who were slaves of an Arian Vandal in Mauritania (the Mediterranean coast of present-day Morocco). They were martyred in 458, by being dragged by horses to death during the reign of the Arian Gaiseric, King of the Vandals (r. 428–477).
MARTYRS of NORTH-WESTERN AFRICA, a group of two hundred and twenty Christians martyred in north-western Africa. There are no further details extant.
MUMMOLIN (MOMMOLINUS), a native of present-day north-eastern Switzerland, St. Mummolin received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil) in Burgundy (east-central France). He later spent time at the Abbey of St. Peter / abbaye Saint-Pierre (later the Abbey of St. Bertin / abbaye Saint-Bertin de Saint-Omer) in Sithiu (present-day Saint-Omer, France), and served as its Abbot before being consecrated Bishop of Noyon-Tournai (north-eastern France) in 660–1, serving that See until his repose circa 686.
SATURNINUS, NEREUS, and COMPANIONS, a group of three hundred and sixty-five orthodox Christians, in the present-day area of Tunisia and Algeria, who were martyred in 450 in the persecutions of orthodox Christians during the reign of Arian Gaiseric, King of the Vandals (r. 428–477).
VITALIS (VIAL) of NOIRMOUTIER, a native of England who received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of St. Philibert (abbaye Saint-Philibert de Noirmoutier) in Noirmoutier in the Pays de la Loire region of present-day western France. St. Vitalis spent the latter years of his life as a hermit on Mont Scobrit near the Loire River. He reposed circa 740.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.