Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
BARTHOLOMEW of ROSSANO, though born in Rossano, Calabria (south-western Italy), St. Bartholomew was of Greek ancestry. He was a disciple of St. Nilus the Younger (26th September) and received monastic tonsure and was one of the founding monks at the Monastery of Santa Maria (Greek Abbey of Saint Nilus) in Grottaferrata, part of present-day metropolitan Rome in Italy. Following St. Nilus' repose in 1005, St. Bartholomew became Abbot finishing the work St. Nilus had begun at Grottaferrata; to the point that St. Bartholomew is often referred to as the 'second founder'. In addition to the construction, education, and manuscript work which took place during his abbotship, St. Bartholomew also convinced the depraved Pope Benedict IX to finally resign the Papacy, renounce his claims to it, and to live out the rest of his life in penance as a humble monk at Grottaferrata. St. Bartholomew reposed in 1065.
BERTUIN (BERTHUIN) of MALONNE, an Anglo-Saxon bishop who emigrated to the area that is present-day Malonne near Namur in Belgium, where he established a church and abbey. St. Bertuin reposed circa 698.
CYNFRAN of WALES, (Fifth Century), a son of the great King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), St. Cynfran founded of a church at Llysfaen, Clwyd, Wales, where there is a holy well known as Ffynnon Gynfran (St. Cynfran’s Well). St. Cynfran is patron saint of Llysfaen.
Troparion of St. Cynfran — Tone VIII
Today we rejoice, celebrating in thine honour, O Father Cynfran,/
and, as thou hast bestowed on countless generations the miracle of healing,/
intercede with Christ our God for the healing and salvation of our souls.
MARTIN of TOURS, born in Upper Pannonia to a pagan Roman officer and his pagan wife, St. Martin was raised in Pavia in Lombardy (northern Italy). In his early teens he became a catechumen, and at 15 joined the Roman Imperial Army. Though he was initially assigned to a ceremonial unit, later St. Martin was made a cavalry officer, and posted to Gaul. Probably the most well-known story of St. Martin is of him encountering a beggar at Amiens and cutting his cloak in half St. Martin gave half to the beggar. Later his had a vision of Christ wearing the cloak. After leaving the army, St. Martin became a disciple of St. Hilary of Poitiers (13th January) and lived as a hermit just south of Poitiers (west-central France) for a decade. During this time other monks gathered round St. Martin's hermitage, forming the nucleus of what became the Abbey of St. Martin of Ligugé. In 372 St. Martin was consecrated the third Bishop of Tours (west-central France). Shortly after consecration St. Martin founded a monastery at Marmoutier 3km / 2mi outside the walls of Tours, where he lived for the duration of his episcopacy and life. St. Martin had the gifts of prophecy and wonderworking and was the first non-martyr to have a cultus of sainthood develop. St. Martin reposed in 397, initially he was buried, by his request, in the paupers' cemetery, however, his relics were later enshrined in the Basilica of St. Martin, Tours (Basilique Saint-Martin de Tours).
MENNAS of SANTOMENNA, (Sixth Century), a sixth century hermit at Santomenna (south-western Italy).
RHEDIW, (Date Unknown), Eglwys Sant Rhedyw (Church of St. Rhedyw) in the village of Llanllyfni, Gwynedd, Wales is dedicated to St. Rhediw. Nothing further is known about this saint.
VALENTINE of RAVENNA, FELICIAN of RAVENNA, and VICTORINUS of RAVENNA , Martyrs of Ravenna, three Christians martyred at Ravenna circa 305. Nothing further is known of them.
VERANUS, a fifth century Bishop of Lyons (east-central France) of whom nothing further is known.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.