Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
ÆNGUS (ANGUS), known as ‘the Culdee’, he was Abbot at Clonenagh, and then at Tallacht. He later returned to Clonenagh to serve as bishop. He is remembered for his Félire Óengusso (Martyrology of Ængus), consisting of 365 quatrains, one for each day of the year, framed between a lengthy prologue and epilogue, and is the earliest metrical martyrology to have been written in the Irish language of his day, and not in Latin. St. Ængus reposed circa 830.
ALBERTA, one of the early martyrs of the Diocletianic Persecution, in Agen, Aquitaine circa 286.
BENEDICT CRISPUS of MILAN, the Archbishop of Milan from circa 680 until his repose circa 725. St. Benedict authored the epitaph for the King St. Ceadwalla of Wessex (20th April). Little else is known of his life.
CANDIDUS, PIPERION, and COMPANIONS, a group of twenty-two martyrs in North Africa circa 257.
CONSTANTINE, (Date Unknown) an entry in the Martyrologium Romanum is as follows: “At Carthage, Saint Constantine, confessor”. Nothing else is known of his life.
EULOGIUS of CORDOBA, a prominent priest in Cordoba during the persecutions of Christians under the Emir Abd ar-Rahman II (r. 822–852). St. Eulogius was arrested several times for providing pastoral care and other support to imprisoned Christians. After hiding St. Leocritia (15th March), St. Eulogius was arrested a final time, scourged, and then beheaded on 11th March, 859.
FIRMIAN (FERMANUS, FIRMINUS), an Abbot of the Abbey of Saint Sabinus (Abbazia di San Sabino Piceno) near Fermo in the Marches of Ancona. St. Firmian reposed circa 1020. There is no further information on this saint extant.
HERACLIUS and ZOSIMUS, martyrs in Carthage North Africa circa 263 during the reign of co-Emperors Valerian and Gallienus (r. 253–260).
PETER the SPANIARD, (Date Unknown), a Spaniard who, following a pilgrimage to Rome, settled near Veroli in Lazio, where he lived as a hermit.
VIGILIUS, a Bishop of Auxerre, who was assassinated circa 685, it is believed, by order of Gistemar, Mayor of the Palace of Neustria and Burgundy (†c. 686).
VINDICIAN, following the repose of St. Aubert (13th December) circa 668, St. Vindician was elected his successor as Bishop of Cambrai-Arras. He never hesitated to chastise the Merovingian Kings, ministers, and courtiers for their outrageous behaviour when called for. Towards the end of his life, St. Vindician retired to the Abbey of St. Vaast (Abbaye de Saint-Vaast) in Arras, in present-day Pas-de-Calais, France, where he lived as a hermit until his repose circa 712.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.