Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
ADALGIS, a member of the court of Emperor Lothair I who was appointed to serve as Bishop of Novara in Italy from circa 830 until his repose circa 850. He is buried in the Basilica of San Gaudenzio in Novara.
AUGUSTUS, (Late Sixth Century), an Abbot of Bourges in central Gaul. St. Augustus was also a friend of St. Germanus of Paris (28th May). He is best known for having discovered the relics of St. Ursinus (9th November), the first Bishop of Bourges.
CANOG (CANOG, CENNEUR), (Fifth Century), The eldest son of the great King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), St. Cynog was martyred by Barbarians at Merthyr-Cynog (shrine of Cynog) in Powys, Wales circa 492, his relics are enshrined at Merthyr-Cynog.
DUBHTHACH (DUBTHACH, DUBTACH), (Sixth Century), There were two Abbot-Bishops of Armagh by the name of Dubhthach. Dubhthach the First was the sixth Abbot-Bishop of Armagh, serving from 497 until his repose in 513. Dubhthach the Second (or Younger) served as the ninth Abbot-Bishop of Armagh Ireland for twelve years from 536 until his repose in 548. The Annals of the Four Masters only refer to Dubhthach the Second as a saint, however there is no other record extant of his veneration or Feast Day. The Book of Saints by the Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine at Ramsgate, England as well as several other contemporary listings of saints, list a feast date of 7th October.
HELANUS, (Sixth Century), along with six brothers and three sisters, St. Helanus came to France from Ireland, all living as hermits along the River Marne near Rheims. St. Helanus, who was a priest, served as de facto abbot of the small community, and ministered to the people of the surrounding area.
JUSTINA, according to tradition St. Justina, a maiden who flourished during the Apostolic Age, was martyred in Padua during the reign of Nero (r. 54–68) or Domitian (r. 81 – 96).
MARCELLUS and APULEIUS, (First Century), the Roman Martyrology related that SS. Marcellus and Apuleius were followers of Simon Magus who were converted after witnessing the miracles of the Apostle St. Peter (29th June). They were later martyred, and buried outside the walls of Rome.
MARK (MARCUS), a Roman by birth, Pope St. Mark succeeded Pope St. Silvester (31st December), serving as the thirty-fourth Pope of Rome for only 263 days (18th January – 7th October, 336). However, in that brief time the Liber Pontificalis, credits St. Mark with the foundation of the Basilica of San Marco in Rome, and it is possible he founded a second one as well. St. Mark reposed 7th October 336 of natural causes.
OSYTH (OSITH), (Seventh Century), according to tradition St. Osyth was the daughter of Frithwald (Frithuwold), a sub-king of Mercia and Wilburga, the daughter of the pagan King Penda of Mercia, and niece of St. Edith of Polesworth (15th July), and St. Edburga of Bicester (18th July). She was raised by her aunt St. Edith of Polesworth at St. Edith’s monastery, or under the guidance of St. Modwenna of Burton (5th July), leading to St. Osyth’s desire to become a monastic. However, her father betrothed her to Sighere, King of the East Saxons for political reasons. This union produced the future St. Offa (15th December). In time, Sighere acquiesced to St. Osyth’s desire for the monastic life, and she founded the Monastery of Chich in Essex, England, serving as its first Abbess. St. Osyth was martyred by heathen Danes or other pirates circa 700.
PALLADIUS (PALLAIS, PALLADE), the twelfth Bishop of Saintes in south western Gaul. He served from circa 570–3 until his repose circa 596–600.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.