Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
ALEXANDER of BERGAMO, the details of his life are uncertain, though there is a legend that he was a member of the Theban Legion (22nd September) who escaped (several times), spending the last few years of his life in Bergamo (northern Italy), preaching and evangelising, before he was finally arrested and martyred in 303 at the location where the church of San Alessandro in Colonna on the Via Sant'Alessandro in Bergamo now stands.
ELIAS of SYRACUSE, a Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily, who reposed in 660, and of whom no further information seems to be known.
FELIX of PISTOIA, a ninth century hermit in Pistoia in Tuscany (central Italy). No other details of his life are extant.
IRENAEUS of ROME and ABUNDIUS the MARTYR, martyred in Rome circa 258, for the crime of giving proper burials to Christians, they were drowned in the public sewers during the Valerian Persecution.
NINIAN, St. Ninian was a native Briton. According to St. Bede the Venerable (25th May), St. Ninian received his education and Episcopal consecration, at Rome, and was then sent back to his native land as a missionary. St. Ninian founded the Episcopal See of Withern, or “Candida Casa” (so-called because St. Ninian’s Cathedral was built of white stone, the first to be so in Britain), at present-day Whithorn, Dumfries and Galloway. This church, dedicated to St. Martin of Tours (11th November), is the first recorded Christian church to have been built in Scotland. From his cathedral, and the monastery attached to it, St. Ninian and his monks enlightened the northern Britons and the Picts, and St. Ninian became known as the Apostle of Cumberland and of the Southern Picts of Scotland. It is generally believed that St. Ninian reposed circa 432, though an eighth century poem, the Miracula Nynie Episcopi, claims he was a contemporary of a local king called Tudwal; a king of that name ruled at Dumbarton circa 550. St. Ninian was buried at his church. In the Middle Ages his tomb became a place of pilgrimage.
Troparion of St. Ninian — Tone I
O Ninian, thou faithful servant of Christ, equal of the apostles,
as a vessel overflowing with the love of Christ thou didst enlighten
the land of the Picts with the Faith; wherefore, we beseech thee most earnestly:
Entreat the life-creating Trinity, that the Scottish land
may regain its ancient piety, that peace be granted to the world,
and salvation to all who honour thy holy memory.
PANDWYNA (PANDONIA, PANDIONIA), a native of either Scotland or Ireland, St. Pandwyna was forced to flee to England, where it is believed that a relative was Prioress of Eltisley Priory, Cambridgeshire (about 9 km / 5.5 mi east of St. Neots). There she received monastic tonsure and spent the rest of her life as a nun. St. Pandwyna reposed circa 904, and was initially buried near St. Pandonia's Well in Eltisley. Her relics were later translated to the village church, St. Pandionia & St. John the Baptist.
RUFINUS of CAPUA, a fifth century Bishop of Capua in present-day Italy. His relics are enshrined in Cattedrale dei SS. Stefano e Agata in Capua.
SECUNDUS the THEBAN, (Third Century), a general of the Theban Legion (22nd September) who was martyred at Ventimiglia in Liguria (northern Italy).
VICTOR (VITORES) the MARTYR, a hermit in Spain, who commanded by an angel to preach the Gospel to the Moors besieging his native town of Cereza. Though he had some initial success, St. Victor was ultimately martyred by crucifixion at the hands of the Moors in 950. However, the Moors did abandon their siege.
ZEPHYRINUS, Pope of Rome from 199 until his repose in 217. In addition to helping his flock to endure the persecutions under the Emperor Septimius Severus (r. 193–211), St. Zephyrinus also had to shepherd the Church through the adversities brought upon it by various heresies of the day, including Montanism and Sabellianism, and that of Marcion of Sinope.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.