Dr. John (Ellsworth) Hutchison-HallWritings on Orthodox Christian theology and related miscellanea.
Western Saints of the Orthodox Church — 20th May
ANASTASIUS, a Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy, who played a significant role in the conversion of the Arian Lombards to Chalcedonian Christianity. St. Anastasius reposed 610.
AUSTREGISILUS (AOUSTRILLE, OUTRILLE), a courtier at King Gontram’s court at Chalon-sur-Saone. St. Austregisilus felt called to monastic life and entered the Abbey of St. Nizier in Lyons, receiving monastic tonsure, and ordination to the priesthood. St. Austregisilus was soon made Abbot of St. Nizier, and in 612 was consecrated Bishop of Bourges. He served that See until his repose 624. Mourned by his flock who quickly venerated him as a saint, which received Episcopal approval not long after.
BASILLA (BABILLA), there seems to be a bit of confusion about this (these) saints, some martyrologies list either St. Basilla or Babilla, some both as separate saints, while others posit they are the same saint. The extant Acts are completely unreliable. The majority opinion is that St. Basilla was a niece of Emperor Gallienus (r. 253 – 268), who secretly converted to Christianity. When discovered, she was given the choice between marrying a pagan patrician (thus renouncing her faith), or martyrdom. St. Basilla chose martyrdom, and was beheaded in Rome, circa 270 or circa 304.
BAUDELIUS, (Second or Third Century), a married lay evangelist who indefatigably laboured to spread the faith in Gaul. St. Baudelius was martyred by the Roman authorities either 187 or 295, depending on the source. There were in excess of four hundred churches dedicated to St. Baudelius in France and northern Spain.
ETHELBERT (ALBERT, ALBRIGHT), St. Ethelbert was King of East Anglia in England. He was treacherously murdered (794) by order of King Offa of Mercia who had invited St. Ethelbert to his Court under the pretext of marrying his daughter. He was immediately venerated as a martyr especially in Hereford where his relics were entombed, and in his native East Anglia.
HILARY (HILARIUS, HILAIRE), the third Bishop of Toulouse, from 358 to 360.
PLAUTILLA, the mother of Flavia Domitilla (12th May). According to an anonymous, but accepted Life, St. Plautilla was a Roman noblewoman who, as an adult, was baptised by the Apostle Peter (29th June). It is said St. Plautilla reposed circa 67.
THEODORE of PAVIA, the Bishop of Pavia from 743 until his repose in 778. St. Theodore was an unreservedly frank critic of Arianism, which earned the enmity of the Lombard Kings, who, amongst other hardships, repeatedly exiled St. Theodore.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.