Western Saints of the Orthodox Church — 2nd September
AGRICOLA (AGRICOLUS), the son of St. Magnus (19th August) the thirty-fourth Bishop of Avignon. St. Agricola received monastic tonsure at Lérins at the age of sixteen, where he acquired a reputation for scholarship and holiness of life. At the age of thirty, he was summoned by his father to serve as his coadjutor, and following the repose of St. Magnus in 660, St. Agricola succeeded his father as Bishop. He governed the See of Avignon for forty years, reposing 700 of natural causes.
ANTONINUS, (Date Unknown), the patron saint of Pamiers, Palencia, and Medina del Campo. There are no reliable details of his life extant, and there are reasonable doubts to his historicity and exact identity.
CASTOR, a native of Nîmes who may have been the brother of St. Leontius of Fréjus (1st December). St. Castor was a lawyer who settled in Marseilles following his marriage, but soon he and his wife decided to separate and enter monasteries. St. Castor was the founder of Monanque Abbey in Provence, said to have been the motivation for St. John Cassian to write De Institutis Coenobiorum, and finally served as the fourth Bishop of Apt. St. Castor reposed circa 420 of natural causes, and his relics are enshrined at the Cathédrale Sainte-Anne d'Apt.
ELPIDIUS, the successor of St. Antiochus (15th October) as Bishop of Lyons from 410 until his repose 422. Though he appears in numerous lists of primates of the See of Lyons, there are no details of his episcopacy, nor an extant Life.
HIEU (HEIU), (Seventh Century), St. Hieu received monastic tonsure from St. Aidan of Lindisfarne (31st August), and went on the serve as Abbess of Tadcaster in Yorkshire, England. Some sources aver that she is the same saint as St. Bega (6th September).
JUSTUS (JUST) of LYONS, (Also 14th October), a deacon in Vienne who was consecrated 13th Bishop of Lyons in 350. St. Justus was one of the participants at the Council of Aquileia (381) which dealt with Arianism. Shortly after the council, St. Justus resigned his See and, with his deacon, went to Egypt where he lived as a hermit until his repose 390. Shortly after his repose, his body was brought back to Lyons where he was buried at what came to be the Basilica of Saint-Just.
LOLANUS, (Fifth Century), a variety of legends regarding the life of St. Lolanus have completely obscured the historical record. While some sources profess that he was a nephew of St. Servan (1st July), others claim that he was a native of Cana in Galilee who lived in Rome for seven years before travelling to Scotland where he spent the rest of his life. Still other sources maintain that he was a bishop in Scotland.
MAXIMA, a Roman slave and friend of St. Ansanus of Siena (1st December) who was martyred during the persecution under Diocletian (304).
NONNOSUS, very little is known of the life of St. Nonnosus, who does not seem to be listed in any of the ancient martyrologies, however, he is mentioned by St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) in some of his writings on Italian saints. From this we learn that St. Nonnosus was a contemporary of St. Benedict of Nursia (11th July), and a prior at the San Silvestre monastery on Monte Soratte north of Rome, then later a monk at Suppentonia, near Civita Castellana, reposing circa 575.
VALENTINUS (VALENTINE), (Fourth Century), the fourth Bishop of Strasbourg, of whom nothing further seems to be known.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.