Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
COLUMBA, a nun at a monastery in Tábanos near her native Córdoba. According to tradition she was beheaded by the Moors (853) during the reign of Emir Muhammad I (r. 852-886), then it is said her body was thrown into the river Guadalquiver. Fortunately, her body was recovered by pious Christians and her relics were enshrined at two churches in Old Castile.
FLOCELLUS, (Second Century), a young man in Autun, who was tortured almost to the point of death and then thrown to wild animals in the amphitheatre. The exact date of his martyrdom is unknown, beyond at some point during the reign of Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180).
JUSTIN, a priest in Rome who dedicated himself to burying the bodies of martyrs. In time, St. Justin was martyred as well (259). His relics were translated to Frisingen.
LAMBERT, six years after being consecrated Bishop of his native Maastricht, palace intrigue led to his exile by the tyrant Ebroin (674). St. Lambert then lived as a monk for seven years at the monastery of Stavelot, before he was able to reclaim his See. After his return to Maastricht he provided a great deal of support to St. Willibrord (7th November) and his mission to Friesland, it seems even accompanying St. Willibrord as far as the lower stretches of the Meuse. In 709 the continuing battles within the Palace caught up with St. Lambert again and he was murdered at his estate, which is present-day Liège. St. Lambert has been venerated as a martyr since his murder.
NARCISSUS and CRESCENDO, two saints in Rome who were martyred circa 260. St. Narcissus was the owner of a house in Rome that St. Laurence (10th August) used as his base for his work of distributing alms to the poor. Nothing is known of St. Crescendo other than he is listed in various martyrologies on this day.
RODINGUS (ROUIN), an Irish priest-monk who, shortly after ordination, left Ireland and entered the monastery of Tholey near Trier. According to some sources, St. Rodingus may have even served as Abbot of Tholey. Seeking solitude, St. Rodingus later moved to the Forest of Argonne in north-eastern Gaul, where he founded and served as first Abbot of, the monastery of Beaulieu. St. Rodingus reposed circa 690.
SATYRUS, the elder brother of St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December), who was baptised when he took ill on a trip from Rome. He re-joined his brother and their sister, St. Marcellina (17th July), at Milan; but unfortunately reposed shortly thereafter (circa 379 - 392). St. Ambrose wrote his essay, On the death of a brother, in praise of St. Satyrus.
SOCRATES and STEPHEN, (Fourth Century), Saints Socrates and Stephen were British martyrs during the Diocletian persecution. Cæsar Constantius Chlorus, who ruled with Imperial powers in the West, was less than vigorous in carrying out Diocletian’s edict of persecution, so most British Christians were spared. Hence along with SS. Alban (20th June), Julius, and Aaron (1st July), SS. Socrates and Stephen are the only British martyrs of that persecution listed in the ancient Martyrologies. Pious legends place the location of the martyrdom of SS. Socrates and Stephen as South Wales, but there is no evidence to support this.
THEODORA, a Roman noblewoman who devoted herself and her wealth to the care and support of the martyrs during the Diocletianic Persecution. It is most likely that she reposed, perhaps martyred, while the persecution was still on going, circa 305.
UNNI, a monk at das kaiserliche und hochfürstliche Stift Corvey (Imperial Abbey of Corvey / New Corvey) in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia Germany, who was consecrated sixth Archbishop of Hamburg – Bremen, 916. St. Unni continued St. Ansgar’s (3rd February) work of enlightening the Swedes and Danes and is also known as the ‘third Apostle of the North’. He reposed at Birka in Sweden, 936. According to 11th century German Chronicler Adam of Bremen, St. Unni’s body was buried at Birka, but his head was entombed in Bremen Cathedral.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.