Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
ABRAHAM, St. Abraham was captured by a group of outlaws in Egypt and enslaved by them for five years before he was able to escape. He made his way to Europe, and settled as a hermit near Clermont in Gaul. At some point St. Abraham was ordained to the priesthood, and later made Abbot of the Abbey of Cyrgnes in present-day Saint-Gilles France, just west of Arles. St. Abraham reposed circa 480.
BENILDIS, one of the Martyrs of Córdoba, St. Benildis was so moved by the martyrdom of St. Athanasius (14th June) the previous day that she publicly proclaimed Christ, and was burnt at the stake the following day. Following her martyrdom, St. Benildis’ ashes were thrown into the Guadalquivir as was the case with many of her fellow martyrs.
CONSTANTINE, a monk at the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de Jumièges in Normandy, and disciple of its founder, St. Philibert (20th August). St. Constantine was later consecrated Bishop of Beauvais. He reposed circa 706.
DOMITIAN and HADELIN, fellow monks at the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de Lobbes, in present-day Belgium. At Lobbes they were both disciples of St. Landelin of Lobbes (vide infra). Both saints reposed circa 686.
EDBURGH (EDBURGA) of WINCHESTER, St. Edburgh, the daughter of King Edward the Elder and his third wife Edith of Kent, was placed in the monastery at Winchester. Whilst alive she was revered for the holiness of her life and renowned for her gentleness and humility. It is not known for sure, but she may have served as Abbess of the monastery at some point. St. Edburgh reposed in 960, and was buried in the Abbey church, and in 972 some of her relics were translated to Pershore Abbey in Worcestershire, which is dedicated to her.
LANDELIN (LANDELINUS), St. Landelin was a repentant robber who became a hieromonk. He founded several monasteries in present-day France and Belgium, beginning with the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de Lobbes where he was the spiritual father of SS. Domitian and Hadelin (vide supra). St. Landelin also founded monasteries at Aulne (Belgium), Walers (France), and Crespin (France). St. Landelin reposed 686.
MELAN, Bishop of Viviers in the Languedoc from 519 until his repose 549. St. Melan was represented at the Council of Orange 549) by his Archdeacon, Cautinus.
TRILLO (DRILLO, DREL), St. Trillo the son of a Breton chieftain, went to Wales with St. Cadfan (1st November). He is the founder and patron saint of the churches at Llandrillo in Gwynedd and Rhos-on-Sea (Llandrillo yn Rhos) in Conwy County Borough, Wales. St. Trillo reposed in the early part of the sixth century.
VITUS, MODESTUS, and CRESCENTIA, according to legend of dubious veracity, St. Vitus was the son of a Sicilian senator by the name of Hylas. St. Vitus was brought to Christ at the age of twelve by his nurse St. Crescentia and tutor St. Modestus. His conversion so enraged his pagan father that Hylas had SS. Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia arrested, and scourged. The three saints managed to escape their captivity and flee Sicily, first to Lucania, then Rome. In Rome, they were once again arrested, this time on a charge of sorcery and failure to perform pagan sacrifices. Following torture, the saints were condemned to death. First, they were fed to lions, and when the lions refused to touch them, they were thrown into a vat of boiling oil, circa 303.
For reasons no longer known, in sixteenth century Germany it was believed that dancing before a statue of St. Vitus on his feast day would give the dancer a years’ good health. In time, the dancing became so frenzied that onlookers thought the dancers were actually afflicted with the neurological disorder Sydenham's chorea, which came to be colloquially known as ‘St. Vitus Dance’.
VOUGA (VOUGAR, VEHO, FEOCK, FIECH), a sixth century bishop of an unknown diocese in Ireland. St. Vouga retired from his See, and went to Brittany and settled near Lesneven where he lived out the rest of his years as a hermit.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.