Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
GUINOC, according to the Aberdeen Breviary, St. Guinoc was a Bishop in Scotland who reposed circa 838. No further information on his life is available.
HERMENEGILD, a son of Leovigild, King of the Visigoths, St. Hermengild was raised as an Arian at his father’s Court. through the influence of his wife Ingunde the orthodox Christian daughter of King Sigebert I of Austrasia, and St. Leander (27th February) St. Hermenegild was brought to orthodox Christianity, not long after his marriage. St. Hermenegild’s rejection of Arianism enraged his father ordered him to renounce Christianity, and receive the Holy Gifts from an Arian bishop. Due to St. Hermenegild’s unwavering refusal to renounce Christianity, Leovigild had him imprisoned and tortured. Despite it all St. Hermenegild remained faithful to Christ, and was martyred on the order of his father.
MARTIN I, elected seventy-fourth Pope of Rome in 649, albeit without imperial approval. One of St. Martin’s first acts as Pope was to convene the Lateran Council of 649 at which two of the twenty canons issued condemned Monothelitism. This enraged the Monothelite Emperor, Constans II (r. 641 – 668), who had St. Martin arrested and deported to the Isle of Naxos in the South Aegean where he was imprisoned and torture. Following a mock trial, St. Martin was sentenced to death. Whilst the sentence was commuted, St. Martin reposed shortly after from the effects of his torture and imprisonment. St. Martin reposed in 655, and is considered the last of the martyred Popes of Rome.
MARTIUS, a hermit whose reputation of holiness attracted many disciples. As the number of disciples grew, St. Martius founded a monastery in Clermont for them. He reposed circa 530.
URSUS, the son of a pagan Sicilian nobleman, who incurred his father’s wrath when he became a Christian. Forced to flee Sicily, St. Ursus settled in Ravenna where his holiness of life so impressed the native population that St. Ursus was chosen to serve as Bishop of Ravenna. After two decades serving his See, St. Ursus reposed in 396.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.