Western Saints of the Orthodox Church
ALFERIUS, (ALPHERIUS, ADALFERICUS), born in Salerno to a noble family, St. Alferius served as Ambassador for Duke Gisulf of Salerno. Following a serious illness, St. Alferius received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of St. Peter at Cluny (Cluny Abbey) in Burgundy, where he was a disciple of St. Odilo (11th May). He was recalled by the Duke of Salerno to undertake reforming the monasteries in the Duchy. St. Alferius met with little success and retired to Mt. Fenestra near Salerno, to live as a hermit. As his reputation for holiness of life and wisdom spread, St. Alferius attracted many disciples. Having selected twelve of them, he built the Abbey of the Holy Trinity of La Cava. St. Alferius served as Abbot until the age of 120 years, when he reposed on Holy Thursday 1050, after celebrating the liturgy and washing the feet of his monks.
CONSTANTINE, the first Bishop of Gap, in Province. All that is known about St. Constantine is that he was an attendee at, and signatory of the Canons of, the Councils of Epaone (517) and Orange (519), and that he reposed in 529.
DAMIAN, elected Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in 680, St. Damian was a staunch opponent of Monothelitism, and successfully negotiated peace between the Byzantine Emperor and the Lombards. St. Damian is said to have healed a leper with a kiss. He reposed in 710.
ERKEMBODEN (ERKEMBODE), nothing certain is known about St. Erkemboden’s early life. The consensus is that he was an Irishman who went to France to work as a missionary. Some sources state he was accompanied by two companions who were murdered along the way. Regardless, St. Erkemboden settled at the Abbey of St. Peter the Apostle in Saint-Omer (Sithiu) in Pas-de-Calais. There he received monastic tonsure and became a disciple of St. Bertin (5th September). Following St. Bertin’s resignation, St. Erkemboden was elected Abbot, and then Bishop of Thérouanne. He served as Abbot and Bishop for twenty-six years, reposing in 714.
JULIUS I, elected thirty-fifth Pope of Rome in 337, he fought Arianism, and defended St. Athanasius the Great throughout his persecutions, and was responsible for the building of several churches in Rome. St. Julius reposed in 352.
TETRICUS, an Abbot of St. Germanus Abbey in Auxerre who became Bishop of Auxerre by popular acclamation. St Tetricus was murdered by his Archdeacon in his sleep in 707.
VICTOR, a catechumen martyred in Braga in Portugal during the Diocletianic Persecution circa 300.
VISSIA, a consecrated virgin martyred at Fermo near Ancona during the Decian Persecution, circa 250.
WIGBERT, an Englishman, went to Ireland and became a disciple of St. Egbert (24th April) at Rathelmigisi in Connaught. St. Wigbert then spent two years in Friesland working to enlighten the Friesians, and returned to Ireland, where he lived until his repose, 690.
ZENO, a native of North Africa, St. Zeno was consecrated Bishop of Verona in 362. A fierce opponent of Arianism, St. Zeno welcomed a great number of refugees from the Arian persecutions in North Africa. St. Zeno reposed in 371.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.