Western Saints of the Orthodox Church <br class="clearfix">—<br class="clearfix"> 9th March
ANTONY, a tenth century monk at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil), who later became a hermit in Froidemont in Franche-Comté.
BOSA, a monk at Whitby Abbey, St. Bosa was consecrated Bishop of York by St. Theodore of Canterbury (19th September) during the exile of St. Wilfrid (12th October). St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) recalls St. Bosa as ‘A man beloved of God…of most unusual merit holiness’. St. Bosa reposed 705.
CONSTANTINE, St. Constantine is described as a Cornish prince who abdicated in favour of his son after the death of his wife. Said to have been “immersed in worldly cares and defiled by vices” prior to his conversion, he repented and is said to have either entered St. David’s (1st March) monastery, and then to have been sent as a missionary to the Scots, or to have gone directly to the north, where he worked in the area of the Kintyre Peninsula (formerly Cantyre) in southwest Scotland, founding a monastery at Govan on the Clyde. He was martyred by bandits in Scotland circa 576.
Whether he was the same Constantine excoriated by St. Gildas the Wise (29th January) in his De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniæ as “…the tyrannical whelp of the unclean lioness of Damnonia”, or another prince of the same name, is an open question.
PACIAN (PACIANUS), the second documented Bishop of Barcelona from 365 until his repose circa 390. Though it seems he was a prolific author, only a few of his works have survived to the present.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.