Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
AGILULPH (AGIGULF, AGIGULFUS) of COLOGNE, (Eighth Century), the information extant on the life of St. Agilulph is based upon a Life written by a monk at the Abbey of Stavelot-Malmédy. The pre-eminent hagiographic scholars of the Société des Bollandistes reprint the information from this Life — with the caveat that it is far from reliable. It is believed that after receiving his education at the Abbey of Stavelot-Malmédy, St. Agilulph received monastic tonsure there and later served as its Abbot. He earned the enmity of Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Charles Martel (†741), for having counselled against the succession going to Charles Martel. St. Agilulph’s violent martyrdom soon after Charles Martel assumed power is generally believed to have been in retribution.
AGRIPPINUS of AUTUN, an early sixth century Bishop of Autun (Saône-et-Loire, France). Little is known of his life, other than he ordained St. Germanus of Paris (28th May) to the diaconate and the priesthood, and he is listed as an attendee at the Second (June 533) and Third (May 538) Councils of Orléans. St. Agrippinus reposed in 538.
ANATOLIA and AUDAX of THORA, St. Anatolia was a Roman maiden, denounced as a Christian by a rejected suitor. She was banished from Rome and settled near Rieti in central Italy. However, her wonderworking drew attention and she was soon arrested and subjected to torture. St. Audax was one of her gaolers and was converted by her. They were martyred on the same day in 250.
ANDREW, BARNABAS, BENEDICT, and JUSTUS, Four Holy Polish Brothers, four brothers born in Poland who lived as monks and/or hermits. They reposed in 1008. Nothing more is known of their lives.
BRICTIUS of MARTOLA, the information extant on St. Brictius is of questionable reliability. According to tradition he was a Bishop of Martola near Spoleto in Umbria who was imprisoned during the Diocletianic Persecution. Miraculously he managed to escape, and was able to continue his ministry, living to 312, when he reposed of natural causes.
EVERILDIS (AVERIL) of EVERINGHAM, a holy maiden from the south of England, St. Everildis was baptised by St. Birinus of Dorchester (3rd December). After receiving monastic tonsure, she went north to Yorkshire, settling at a place now known as Everingham. There St. Everildis founded a monastery which grew to a company of eighty nuns. St. Everildis reposed circa 700.
GOLVINUS (GOLWEN) of LÉON, (Seventh Century), a native of Britain, who apparently went to Brittany (north-western France). There his reputation for holiness led to him being chosen Bishop of St. Pol-de-Léon (now part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Quimper). St. Golvinus reposed at Rennes in Brittany where his relics were subsequently enshrined.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.