Dr. John (Ellsworth) Hutchison-Hall

Eastern Orthodox Christian theologian, historian, philosopher, and cultural commentator.


Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome

ADELAIDE, A noble maiden from the Low Lands who received monastic tonsure at an early age. When her parents founded an abbey at Willich (just west of present-day Düsseldorf, Germany), St. Adelaide was appointed abbess. Some sources say she was a wonderworker. St. Adelaide reposed in 1015.

AGATHA HILDEGARD of CARINTHIA, wife of a Count of Carinthia (present-day southern Austria and north-eastern Slovenia), who subjected her to grievous abuse. In time she was able to convert her husband to Christianity, and he reformed. Throughout her trials, St. Agatha was always devoted to the care of those in need. She reposed in 1024.

Icon of St. Agatha of Sicily

Icon of St. Agatha of Sicily

AGATHA of SICILY, a native of either Catania or Palermo in Sicily (sources vary), where she was martyred. Arrested for being a Christian during the Decian Persecution, she was subjected to barbaric torture including having her breasts were cut off. St. Agatha succumbed to her wounds reposing circa 250. Her intercession is credited with protecting Catania during successive eruptions of nearby Mt. Etna.

AGRICOLA, Bishop of Tongeren (present-day Belgium) from 384 until his repose in 420.

AVITUS of VIENNE, Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus was a son of St. Hesychius I (12th November), a Roman senator who later was third Archbishop of Vienne, and brother of St. Apollinaris (5th October) fifth Bishop of Valence. St. Avitus succeeded his father as Archbishop of Vienne in 494. He was well respected as a bishop, both by the pagan Franks and the Arian Burgundians, and he converted the Burgundian King, Sigismund (r. 516–524). St. Avitus was also a somewhat prolific writer; his letters are of great import for their record of ecclesiastical and political history of the years 499–518. He reposed circa 525.

BERTULF (BERTULPHE, BERTULPH, BERTOUL), a native of Pannonia or southern Germany, who as a young man emigrated to Flanders, settling in Renty. There influenced by St. Omer (9th September) St. Bertulf was converted and baptised. St. Bertulf undertook a pilgrimage to Rome, and upon returning to Renty, St. Omer ordained St. Bertulf to the priesthood, and he served as both a parish priest and founding-abbot of Renty Abbey. St. Bertulf reposed in 705.

GENUINUS (INGENUINUS) and ALBINUS, Bishops of Sabion (present-day Diocese of Brixen) in the Italian Tyrol. St. Genuinus flourished in the seventh century. St. Albinus, the son of St. Agatha of Carinthia (vide supra), flourished in the eleventh century.

INDRACT, information extant on this saint all dates from several hundred years after his supposed martyrdom, and hence is of questionable reliability. However, it is reasonably certain that he was a descendant of Irish chieftains who lived as a hermit for many years before undertaking a pilgrimage to Rome. While returning from this pilgrimage, he, along with several companions, was murdered by heathens near Glastonbury circa 710. Their relics were enshrined at Glastonbury Abbey, and they were venerated as martyrs.

MODESTUS, a disciple of St. Virgilius (27th November) at Salzburg, St. Modestus served as Bishop of Carinthia (present-day southern Austria and north-eastern Slovenia) in the early eighth century. St. Modestus' episcopacy is largely credited with the region embracing Christianity. He reposed circa 722.

VODOALDUS (VOEL, VODALUS, VODALIS), a missionary from the British Isles who went to evangelise Picardy and spent the later years of his life as a hermit at Soissons, where he reposed circa 725.

Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.

Details of British Saints excerpted from Orthodox Saints of the British Isles.
Details of continental saints from these sources.

In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.