Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
CANDIDUS the MARTYR, (Date Unknown), one of the many early martyrs in Rome who were either martyred or buried at a place called the Ursus Pileatus on the Esquiline Hill (one of Rome's Seven Hills). No further details are extant.
CYPRIAN of TOULON, a disciple of St. Cæsarius of Arles (27th August), who consecrated St. Cyprian Bishop of Toulon (southern France) in 516. He appears to have been present at the Synod of Arles of 524, and in the following years to have attended a number of other councils, where St. Cyprian showed himself an ardent opponent of Semipelagianism. St. Cyprian reposed in 546.
EWALD the FAIR and EWALD the DARK (BLACK), two priest-monks from Northumbria (England) with the same name who were styled 'the fair' and 'the dark or black' because of their hair colour. As was common at that time, they spent time studying in Ireland, and later travelled to Frisia (present-day Netherlands) to assist St. Willibrord of Echternach (7th November) in his evangelical labours. They were martyred together circa 695 at Aplerbeck, now a suburb of Dortmund (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany).
FROILAN, a native of Lugo in present-day Spain, who, along with his friend St. Attilanus of Zamora (5th October), helped revitalise monastic life at Moreruela Abbey close to Zamora in Castile (north-western Spain). St. Froilan was consecrated Bishop of León (north-western Spain) in 900 serving until his repose in 1005.
GERARD of BROGNE, a member of the Lower Austrasian nobility, St. Gerard started out as a soldier, though even as a young man he displayed remarkable piety. He transformed a small chapel on his family’s estate into a large church, and eventually entered the Abbey of Saint Denis (abbaye Saint-Denis) in Paris, where received monastic tonsure and was ordained to the priesthood. St. Gerard returned to his native Namur (southern Belgium) where he built and served as Abbot of a new monastic community, later known as the Abbey of St. Gerard (abbaye Saint-Gérard de Brogne) in Brogne (present-day Saint-Gérard, Belgium). During the twenty-two years he was Abbot, St. Gerard reformed several monasteries in the region where discipline had lapsed. St. Gerard reposed in 959 at his Abbey in Brogne.
MAXIMIAN of BAGAIA, originally a Donatist, St. Maximian converted to orthodox Christianity and was later consecrated Bishop of Bagaia in Numidia (present-day Algeria). As bishop, he prohibited the Donatists from using the Basilica of Calvianum, and in retaliation they threw him from a tower to his death in 404.
MENNA (MANNA), a maiden from Lorraine (north-eastern France). The extant details of her life are not reliable; however, she is believed to have reposed circa 395.
UTTO of METTEN, a nephew of St. Gamelbert of Michaelsbuch (27th January), the founder of St. Michael's Abbey at Metten (Abtei Metten) in Bavaria (southern Germany). St. Utto served as the first Abbot of Metten, he reposed in 820.
WIDRADUS (WARÉ), the Abbot responsible for reviving the Abbey of St. Pierre (abbaye Saint-Pierre de Flavigny) in present-day Flavigny-sur-Ozerain, eastern France. St. Widradus reposed in 747.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.