Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
AUDOENUS (OUEN, OWEN) of ROUEN, whilst serving as chancellor to Clovis II, King of Neustria and Burgundy (r. 639–657) St. Audoenus met and formed a close friendship with St. Eligius of Noyon (1st December). They resolved to enter the Church and together were consecrated bishops; St. Eligius of Noyon (northern France), and St. Audoenus succeeding St. Romanus of Rouen (23rd October) as Bishop of Rouen in Normandy (northern France). St. Audoenus served his See for over forty years, doing much to promote Christianity and was acclaimed a saint shortly after his repose, at Clichy, near Paris, in 684.
AUREA of OSTIA, from the many accounts of the life of St. Aurea it may be deduced that after being subjected to a multitude of tortures, she was martyred by being thrown into the sea at Ostia near Rome circa 270.
BREGOWINE (BREGWIN) of CANTERBURY, little is known of the life of St. Bregowine, as there are no contemporary records extant, though some of his letters to St. Lull of Mainz (16th October) still survive. His Life by Eadmer of Canterbury, a twelfth century Anglo-Saxon Benedictine monk and historian (†c.1126), offers little more than the dates of his tenure as the twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury, and allusions to ‘many miracles’. St. Bregowine reposed in 764 and was buried in the Chapel of St. John the Baptist at the East end of Canterbury Cathedral.
PATRICE (PATRICK, PATRICIUS), (Date Unknown), both the Martyrology of Usuard and the old Roman Martyrology (which was based upon Usuard's work) list a St. Patrice an Abbot of Nevers in present-day France on this date. However, there is nothing definitively known about this St. Patrice, and he is not listed in more recent martyrologies.
PATRICK the ELDER, this saint is known as St. Patrick the Elder to differentiate him from his celebrated namesake and possible relative, St. Patrick of Ireland (17th March). Few details of his life are known to us. It is variously reported that he reposed circa 450 at Kilkenny, Co. Kilkenny in Ireland, or at Glastonbury, Somerset, in England, though it seems that at some point his relics were enshrined at Glastonbury. Neither of these Irish St. Patricks are to be confused with the St. Patrice (vide supra), purported Abbot of Nevers in France.
PTOLEMY of NEPI, (First Century), a disciple of the Apostle Peter (29th June) who sent him to evangelise the people of Lazio (central Italy). St. Ptolemy was martyred at Nepi in Lazio.
ROMANUS of NEPI, a Bishop and martyr of Nepi in Lazio (central Italy). He is generally considered to have been a disciple of St. Ptolemy of Nepi (vide supra), and was sent by the Apostle Peter (29th June) to accompany St. Ptolemy on his mission.
SANDRATUS (SANDRADUS), a monk at St. Maximin's Abbey (Reichsabtei St. Maximin) at Trier in the present-day German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Charged by Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor (r. 936–973) to institute needed reforms at the Abbey of St. Gall (Abtei St. Gallen) in the present-day Swiss city of St. Gallen. Having successfully completed that mission, St. Sandratus was Founding-Abbot of Gladbach Abbey (abtei St. Vitus Gladbach) in the present-day city of Mönchengladbach in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. He later served as Abbot of Weissenburg Abbey (Kloster Weißenburg), in present-day Wissembourg, Alsace, France. St. Sandratus reposed in 986.
YRCHARD (MERCHARD, IRCHARD, YARCARD), Apostle of the Picts, (Fifth Century), St. Yrchard was a disciple of St. Ternan of Culross (12th June) who consecrated him missionary bishop to work amongst the Picts. Nothing further about St. Yrchard is known to us.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.