Western Saints of the Orthodox Church 23rd November
ADALBERT, a monk at Cassoria in the Abruzzi. St. Adalbert later lived as a hermit on Mt. Caramanico near Chieti, attracting so many disciples that he founded the monastery of St. Nicholas for them. St. Adalbert reposed circa 1045.
CLEMENT, fourth Pope of Rome (88 - 97), and one of the Seventy Apostles. St. Clement was consecrated bishop by the Apostle Peter (29th June), is mentioned in Philippians 4:3, and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth, which is one of the earliest Christian documents extant, apart from the canonical New Testament. St. Clement was martyred circa 101.
CLEMENT, (Date Unknown), the first Bishop of Metz, according to tradition he was sent there by the Apostle Peter (29th June).
Troparion of St. Clement I, Pope of Rome — Tone IV
O God of our Fathers,
always act with kindness towards us;
take not Your mercy from us,
but guide our lives in peace
through the prayers of the hierarchs Clement and Peter.
Kontakion of St. Clement I, Pope of Rome — Tone IV
Unshakeable and godlike towers of the Church,
truly inspired and mighty pillars of the Faith,
all-praised Clement and Peter, protect us all by your prayers.
COLUMBANUS, an Irish monk and later missionary. St. Columbanus received monastic tonsure at the famed Bangor Abbey living there until about the age of 40 when he felt called to missionize foreign lands. Following a brief sojourn in Britain, he and his twelve companions settled in Burgundy, where he founded and served as first Abbot of what became the renowned Luxeuil Abbey. Years later some of the monks from Luxeuil went to Italy where the founded Bobbio Abbey with St. Columbanus as its first Abbot. St. Columbanus reposed circa 616 at Bobbio.
FELICITY (FELICITAS), a wealthy Roman widow, martyred (164) along with her Seven Sons, Januarius, Felix, Philip, Silvanus, Alexander, Vitalius, and Marcial, for publicly confessing Christ, and refusing to take part in pagan rituals.
GREGORY of GIRGENTI (GREGORY AGRIGENTINUS), a native of Sicily who spent a considerable amount of time in Eastern monasteries before ultimately returning to Sicily and being consecrated Bishop of Girgenti, his native town. St. Gregory reposed circa 638.
Troparion of St. Felicitas of Rome — Tone IV
Your holy martyr Felicitas, O Lord,
Through her sufferings has received an incorruptible crown from You, our God.
For having Your strength, she laid low her adversaries,
And shattered the powerless boldness of demons.
Through her intercessions, save our souls!
GUIDO (GUY) of CASAURIA, a monk at Farfa, who later served as Abbot of Cassoria (Casauria) in the Abruzzi. St. Guido reposed circa 1045.
LUCRETIA, a maiden (possibly a nun) who was martyred in Mérida in 306.
PATERNIAN, (Fourth Century), little is known of the life of this Bishop of Fano in The Marches. It is thought, that towards the end of the persecutions under Diocletian, he was able to escape to the mountains.
PAULINUS (POLIN, PEWLIN, PAULHEN), a pupil of St. Illtyd (6th November) St. Paulinus went on to found and serve as first Abbot of Whitland Abbey in Carmarthenshire, south west Wales. At Whitland, St. Paulinus counted SS. David (1st March) and Teio (9th February) amongst his disciples. St. Paulinus reposed at a great age in the first years of the sixth century.
RACHILDIS, an anchoress near St. Wiborada (2nd May) in Saint Gall Switzerland, and disciple of the Abbot of St. Gall. St. Rachildis reposed circa 946.
TRUDO (TRUDON, TRON, TROND, TRUYEN, TRUDJEN), a son of the Count of Haspengouw (English: Hasbein, French: Hesbaye), in Brabant, St. Trudo received monastic tonsure from St. Remaclus (3rd September), was ordained to the priesthood by St. Clodulf of Metz (8th June), then went on to evangelise the area around present-day Sint-Truiden, Belgium. He founded the monastery that the future village of Sint-Truiden grew up around. St. Trudo reposed circa 695.
WILFETRUDIS, a niece of St. Gertrude of Nivelles (17th March), and her successor as Abbess of the Abbey of Nivelles in Brabant. Saint Wilfetrudis reposed circa 670.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.