Dr. John (Ellsworth) Hutchison-Hall

Eastern Orthodox Christian theologian, historian, philosopher, and cultural commentator.


Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome

ANASTASIUS CORNICULARIUS, an officer in the Roman Legion who was so inspired by the courage of the young St. Agapitus the Martyr (18th August) as he endured torture, that he cried out: “The God of Agapitus is my God”. St. Anastasius was immediately arrested and by order of the Emperor Aurelian (r. 270–275) and put to death in 274 at Salone, about 20 km / 12 mi from Palestrina, near Rome.

AVITUS I of CLERMONT, the eighteenth Bishop of Clermont (central France), and friend of St. Gregory of Tours (17th November), whom he ordained to the deaconate. St. Avitus reposed circa 600.

CYRIACA (DOMINICA), (Third Century), a widow in Rome and patroness of St. Laurence of Rome (10th August), who is believed to have distributed food to the poor at her home in Rome. In 249 St. Cyriaca was scourged to death at Rome.

EUPREPIUS of VERONA, (First Century), according to tradition he was the first Bishop of Verona in the north of present-day Italy. Little that factual information is known about him, however, the common Veronese legend that St. Euprepius was one of the Seventy has no basis in fact.

LEONTIUS the ELDER, (Sixth Century), the eighth Bishop of Bordeaux (south-western France), and the predecessor of St. Leontius the Younger (11th July). St. Leontius reposed circa 541.

LUXORIUS, CISELLUS, and CAMERINUS of SARDINIA, early-fourth century martyrs in Sardinia beheaded during the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313). St. Luxorius had been a soldier in the Roman Imperial Army, the other two were boys whom he encouraged to accept martyrdom rather than renounce Christ.

PATERNUS of FONDI, a native of Alexandria who, while travelling through Italy, was arrested in Fondi (central Italy), and reposed during his incarceration, circa 255.

PRIVATUS (PRIVAT) of MENDE, a third century Bishop of Mende in the Languedoc (southern France). Captured by Alemanni invaders, St. Privatus was subjected to barbaric tortures in the hopes that he would reveal where his flock was hiding. St. Privatus refused to do so, and eventually the invaders gave up, and released him. St. Privatus later succumbed to the injuries he sustained while being tortured and reposed in 260.

QUADRATUS of UTICA, a third century Bishop of Utica in Africa Proconsularis. St. Quadratus and his flock were subjected to severe torture, but refused to renounce Christ, and were martyred. Their constancy of faith led to them being greatly revered by their fellow Christians throughout northern Africa.

SIDONIUS APOLLINARIS, a native of Lyons (east-central France), Caius Sollius Apollinaris Sidonius was a soldier, poet, diplomat, and lastly a bishop. He is one of the few Gallo-Roman aristocrats whose letters survive in quantity, leading contemporary Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages scholar, Eric J. Goldberg, Ph.D. to call St. Sidonius “the single most important surviving author from fifth-century Gaul”. Though a wealthy, well-connected nobleman, and married to the daughter of the Emperor of the West, St. Sidonius gave his wealth to the poor. He was elected Bishop of Auvergne (Clermont, present-day Clermont-Ferrand, France) circa 470-472. When the city was besieged by the Goths in 474, St. Sidonius took an active part in its defence, and hence was imprisoned when the city was captured. However, he was soon released by order of Euric, King of the Visigoths (r. 466–484), and continued to serve his flock until his repose in 480.

Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.

Details of British Saints excerpted from Orthodox Saints of the British Isles.
Details of continental saints from these sources.

In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.