Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
BADULF (BADOUR, BADOLF) of AINAY, an Abbot of the Abbey of St. Martin of Ainay (l'abbaye de St-Martin-d’Ainay), near Lyons in present-day France. St. Badulf reposed circa 850. Nothing else is known about him.
BERTULF of LUXEUIL, as the son of a pagan noble St. Bertulf was raised as a pagan. However, the holy live of his close relative, St. Arnulf of Metz (10th July), so inspired him that he became a Christian. In 620 he received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil). Not long later Abbot St. Attalas of Bobbio (10th March) visited Luxeuil, and became friends with St. Bertulf. With the blessing of his Abbot, St. Eustace of Luxeuil (29th March), St. Bertulf left Luxeuil, and joined the community of the Abbey of St. Columbanus (Abbazia di San Colombano) at Bobbio in Emilia-Romagna (northern Italy). Following the repose of St. Attala in 627, St. Bertulf was elected Abbot of Bobbio. St. Bertulf reposed in 640.
CALMINIUS (CALMIN, CALMILIUS), (Sixth or Seventh Century), the founder of the Abbey of St. Peter (abbaye Saint-Pierre de Mozac) in Mozac, Puy-de-Dôme (central France); the Abbey of St. Martin (l'abbaye de saint Martin de Tulle) at Laguenne (near Tulle, south-western France), and the abbey of St. Theofrid (Chaffre) (abbaye Saint-Chaffre du Monastier) in present-day Le Monastier-sur-Gazeille, France. St. Calmininus' widow, St. Namadia of Marsat (vide infra), received monastic tonsure at the Abbay of Our Lady of Marsat (abbaye Notre-Dame de Marsat) in Marsat, Puy-de-Dôme (central France), a dependency of Mozac, upon St. Calminius’ repose. The relics of both these saints are enshrined in the abbey church at Mozac.
CREDAN of EVESHAM, (Eighth Century), St. Credan served as Abbot of Evesham in Worcestershire, England during the reign of Offa, King of the Mercians (r. 757–796). Though the details of his life are lost to the passage of time, his memory is preserved through listings in various calendars and menologies.
DONATUS of MOUNT JURA, a deacon-monk from Orléans (north-central France) who lived as a hermit on Mt. Jura near Sisteron (south-eastern France). St. Donatus reposed circa 535.
ELAPHIUS (ELAPHE) of CHÂLONS, the 17th Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne (present-day Châlons-en-Champagne north-eastern France). St. Elaphius was sent as an envoy to Spain, but reposed whilst travelling there.
GUENNINUS, a seventh century Bishop of Vannes in Brittany (north-western France) whose relics are enshrined in the Cathedral of St. Peter (Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Vannes) in Vannes.
JULIUS of ROME, (Late Second Century), a Roman senator who was scourged to death for being a Christian.
MAGNUS (MAGNE), a governor of Avignon (south-eastern France), and father of St. Agricola of Avignon (2nd September). Following his wife’s repose, St. Magnus received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins (abbaye Notre Dame de Lérins) on one of the Lérins Islands in the Mediteranian Ocean off the Côte d’Azur in France. In 646, St. Magnus was consecrated the 34th Bishop of Avignon, and appointed his son co-adjutor. St. Magnus reposed in 660
MARIANUS of ENTRAIGUES, a hermit in the forest at present-day Entraigues-sur-la-Sorgue, France. St. Marianus reposed circa 515, and St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) was the author of St. Marianus’ Life.
MARINUS of BESALU, Abbot-Bishop of the monastery of St. Peter (monasterio de San Pedro de Besalú) in Besalú, Catalonia, Spain. St. Marinus reposed circa 800.
MOCHTA (MOCHTEUS, MOCHUTA), St. Mochta, originally from either Scotland or England, went to Ireland where he became the founding Abbot-Bishop of Louth, Co. Louth. Many sources state St. Mochta flourished during the sixth century, though most assert he was consecrated Bishop by St. Patrick of Ireland (17th March), which would place him in the fifth century.
NAMADIA, the wife of St. Calminius (vide supra) who received monastic tonsure at the Abbay of Our Lady of Marsat (abbaye Notre-Dame de Marsat) in Marsat, Puy-de-Dôme (central France), a dependency of the Abbey of St. Peter (abbaye Saint-Pierre de Mozac) in Mozac, Puy-de-Dôme (central France), upon St. Calminius’ repose. The relics of both these saints are enshrined in the abbey church at Mozac.
RUFINUS of MANTUA, (Date Unknown), there is no information extant on the life of St. Rufinus, who is listed in the Roman Martyrology as a Confessor, though it is also possible he was a priest. St. Rufinus has been venerated in Mantua in Lombardy (nothern Italy) from time immemorial.
SEBALDUS of NUREMBERG (SINIBALD, SEBALD), There are no certain details of this saint’s life known to us. The various martyrologies list him as being a Frank, English, Irish, or Danish. Regardless of where St. Sebaldus was born, following a pilgrimage to Rome, he joined St. Willibald of Eichstatt (7th July) in his evangelisation of the Germans. His work seemed to have centred around the area of Nuremberg, of which city he is the patron saint. St. Sebaldus most probably reposed circa 770.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.