Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
AMOR (AMATOR, AMOUR) of AMORBACH, (Eighth Century), a disciple of St. Pirmin (3rd November), and founder of Amorbach Abbey (Kloster Amorbach) in Lower Franconia, present-day Bavaria, Germany.
ANASTASIUS of TERNI, according to tradition, St. Anastasius was a native of Syria, who came to Umbria (central Italy) and settled as a hermit near Perugia. In time, he was elevated to the Episcopacy, and made Bishop of Terni in southern Umbria. St. Anastasius was known as a most humble and virtuous prelate. He reposed circa 553.
BENEDICTA and CECILIA of LORRAINE, (Tenth Century), two members of the Lotharingian royal family, SS. Benedicta and Cecilia both received monastic tonsure and later served as successive Abbesses of Susteren Abbey (Abdij van Susteren) near present-day Roermond, Limburg, Netherlands.
CARLOMAN, the eldest son of Charles Martel (†741), St. Carloman became King of Austrasia upon the death of his father. He encouraged the foundation of monasteries at Fulda in Germany and Lobbes and Stavelot in Belgium. In August 747, St. Carloman abdicated his throne, and received monastic tonsure from Pope Zachary (r. 741–752). St. Carloman founded a monastery on Mt. Soracte near Rome, and later settled at Monte Cassino where he spent the rest of his life. St. Carloman reposed at Vienne (south-eastern France) in 754, and was buried at Monte Cassino.
EUSEBIUS, a native of Greece, St. Eusebius was the 31st Pope of Rome. During his pontificate he became embroiled in the often riotous dispute over the readmission of those who had apostatised during the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313). St. Eusebius was exiled to Sicily by the Emperor Maxentius, (r. 306–312), reposing almost immediately, circa 310.
JAMES the DEACON, (Seventh Century), the little we know of St. James is from St. Bede the Venerable’s (25th May) writings on St. Paulinus of York (10th October) in the (Historia Ecclesiastica 2:16 and 2:20). It appears St. James was a member of the mission led by St. Augustine of Canterbury (27th May). St. James served as St. Paulinus’ deacon when he accompanied St. Æthelburh (8th September) to Northumbria upon her marriage to King St. Eadwine (12th October). Following King St. Eadwine’s martyrdom in October 633, SS. Æthelburh and Paulinus returned to Kent leaving St. James as the sole member of the mission in Northumbria. It is not understood why St. Paulisnus did not ordain St. James to the priesthood when he left him in charge, and St. James remained a deacon until his repose. The exact date of St. James’ repose in not known, but it is believed that he lived at least thirty years after the martyrdom of King St. Eadwine in 633, and was personally known to St. Bede the Venerable (673–735). According to some sources St. James participated in the Synod of Whitby which took place in 664.
Troparion of St. James the Deacon — Tone IV
Wholly adorned with the virtues, O James most wise, thou wast a
beauteous ornament of the Church of Christ; for, ordering well its
sacred rituals, thou didst adorn them with psalmody most sweet, and
labouring well in the field of thy Lord, thou didst reap a great
harvest of men's souls. Wherefore, grant the gift of sacred hymnody
to those in need thereof, that all may sing with fervour: Rejoice,
O most glorious father, great boast of pious deacons!
JEROEN (HIERO, IERO) of NOORDWIJK, a Scottish missionary to the Low Lands (present-day Netherlands). St. Jeroen was martyred at Noordwijk in 886 by Viking invaders.
LIBERATUS, BONIFACE, SERVUS, RUSTICUS, ROGATUS, SEPTIMUS, and MAXIMUS of CARTHAGE, martyred in 483 during the reign of the Arian Gaiseric, King of the Vandals (r. 428–477). St. Liberatus was abbot of a monastery in Africa Proconsularis, the others were monks. They are said to have been subjected to unspeakable tortures before being scourged to death.
THEODULE (THEODULUS,THEODORE) of GRAMMONT, (Fourth Century), most likely the first Bishop of Valais in present-day Switzerland. St. Theodule fought against the Arian heresy and enshrined the relics of the Theban Legion at the Abbey of St. Maurice, Agaunum (L'abbaye de Saint-Maurice d'Agaune), in Saint-Maurice, Switzerland.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.