Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
BERTHOALD of CAMBRAI, (Seventh Century), the fifth Bishop of Cambrai-Arras, about 50km / 30mi south of present-day Lille, France.
COLMAN of STOCKERAU, an Irish or Scottish monk who, when travelling in 1012, through Austria on his way to the Holy Land, was arrested as a spy. As he did not speak German, St. Colman was unable to defend himself against the charges. St. Colman was then tortured and hanged with criminals in Stockerau near Vienna. Miracles were worked at his grave and he was quickly venerated as a saint. St. Colman is one of the patron saints of Austria.
CÓEMGEN (COMGAN) the MONK, (Eighth Century), the son of Kelly, Prince of Leinster, Ireland, brother of St. Kentigerna (7th January), and uncle of St. Fáelán (Fillan) of Cluain Móescna (9th January). Following the death of his father he travelled, along with his sister and nephew (and possibly others) to Scotland where he established a monastery at Lochalsh, near Skye, in the Inner Hebrides serving as its first Abbot. St. Cóemgen lived a long and most holy life at Lochalsh, and following his repose his nephew, St. Fáelán, enshrined his relics at Iona.
FAUSTUS, JANUARIUS, and MARTIAL, three martyrs in Córdoba (southern Spain), whom the Roman Christian poet Prudentius (†413) called ‘The Three Crowns of Córdoba’. SS. Faustus, Januarius, and Martial were subjected to heinous torture and then burnt alive towards the beginning of the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313).
FYNCANA and FYNDOCA, (Date Unknown), the Aberdeen Breviary lists SS. Fyncana and Fyndoca as Scottish martyrs on this date, however no further information on these saints remains extant.
GERALD of AURILLAC, all that is known about St. Gerald is from a Life by St. Odo of Cluni who had never met St. Gerald, and there are no primary sources extant. St. Gerald was a Count of Aurillac in Gaul and though his greatest desire was to be a monk, his noble obligations impeded this. Therefore, following the advice of his friend Bishop Gausbert of Rodez, St. Gerald lived a life as close to monasticism as possible in the world, even founding a monastery and church on his estate. He reposed in 909, and many miracles have been attributed to his intercession.
REGIMBALD (REGINBALD, REGIMBAUT, REGIMBEAU) of SPEYER, received monastic tonsure at St. Ulrich's and St. Afra's Abbey (Kloster Sankt Ulrich und Afra) in Augsburg, Bavaria (southern Germany). He later spent time at the Abbey of the Theotokos and St. Sebastian (Kloster Heiligen Maria und St. Sebastian) in Ebersberg about 80km / 50mi south-east of Augsburg, before being chosen in 1022 to serve as the Abbot of Lorsch, in the present-day German state of Hesse. In 1032 St. Regimbald was consecrated the twenty-ninth Prince-Bishop of Speyer in the present-day area of the German states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Baden-Württemberg. St. Regimbald reposed in 1039.
ROMULUS (REMO) of GENOA, a noted theologian and early Bishop of Genoa (north-west Italy). St. Romulus reposed circa 641, at the coastal town of Matuziano 113km / 70mi to the south-west of Genoa. Matuziano later came to be called San Remo after him. No further information on St. Romulus is extant.
SIMBERT (SIMPERT, SINTHERT) of AUGSBURG, following the completion of his studies at Murbach Abbey in Alsace (north-eastern France), St. Simbert received monastic tonsure there, and in time was elected its Abbot. In 778 St Simbert was appointed the fourteenth Prince-Bishop of Augsburg, Bavaria (southern Germany) by Charlemagne, King of the Franks (r. 768–814). St. Simbert ruled that See, while remaining Abbot of Murbach until his repose circa 809. St. Simbert is one of the patron saints of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Augsburg.
VENANTIUS, a fifth century Abbot of the Abbey of St. Martin of Tours (abbaye de Saint-Martin de Tours) in Tours (west-central France).
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.