Dr. John (Ellsworth) Hutchison-Hall

Eastern Orthodox Christian theologian, historian, philosopher, and cultural commentator.


Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome

ANSBALD of PRÜM, a native of what today is Luxembourg, St. Ansbald received monastic tonsure at Prüm Abbey near the present-day German/Belgian border. He was chosen Abbot of Prüm in 860. Prüm Abbey was sacked by the Normans in 882, but St. Ansbald was able to have it restored before his repose in 886.

HERMAGORAS and FORTUNATUS of AQUILEIA, St. Hermagoras was a disciple of St. Mark the Apostle, who appointed him to be the first Bishop of Aquileia in north-eastern Italy. St. Fortunatus was his deacon. Both were beheaded, circa 66, during the reign of Emperor Nero (r. 54–68).

MARCIANA, whilst the Roman Martyrology lists the martyrdom of St. Marciana at Toledo in Spain on the 12th of July, there has never been any evidence of her existence nor any sort of cultus in Toledo. The pre-eminent hagiographic scholars of the Société des Bollandistes are of the opinion that today's St. Marciana is the same saint as the St. Marciana commemorated on 9th January.

MENULPHUS (MENOU) of QUIMPER, an Irishman who served as Bishop of Quimper in Brittany (north-western France) at some point in the seventh century.

NABOR and FELIX of MILAN, two martyrs of the Diocletianic Persecution, circa 304. Nearly a century after their martyrdom, St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December) had their relics solemnly translated and enshrined in the Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica of the Nativity of Saint Mary (Basilica cattedrale metropolitana di Santa Maria Nascente) in Milan. This gave the saints a certain stature and led to many Acts being written. Alas, these Acts have no basis in fact and are for the most part simple re-workings of the Acts of other martyrs of the time.

PATERNIAN of BOLOGNA, the Bishop of Bologna from circa 450 until his repose in 470. There is no other information on his life extant, and the sole basis for his listing in various martyrologies and menologies, is that he has enjoyed a Cultus in Bologna since not long after his repose.

PAULINUS of ANTIOCH and COMPANIONS, according to tradition, St. Paulinus was a native of Antioch, and appointed first Bishop of Lucca in Tuscany by the Apostle Peter (29th June). There he, and others whose names are unknown to us, were martyred circa 67.

PROCULUS of BOLOGNA, the Bishop of Bologna (northern Italy) from 540, until he was martyred by Ostrogoths in 542. St. Proculus is also commemorated on 1st June.

VIVENTIOLUS of LYONS, Archbishop of Lyons from 514 until his repose in 524. St. Viventiolus was renown for his erudition, and even more so for his holiness of life.

Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.

Details of British Saints excerpted from Orthodox Saints of the British Isles.
Details of continental saints from these sources.

In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.