Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
CASSIAN of BENEVENTO, believed to have been a Bishop of Benevento in the south of present-day Italy who reposed circa 340. However, he does not appear in any contemporary lists of bishops of that See.
EUPLUS of CATANIA, martyred in 304 in the Sicilian city of Catania for possession of, and preaching, the Gospel to the pagan population.
Troparion of The Martyr and Archdeacon Euplius of Catania —Tone IV
As a holy deacon and righteous minister of the Church of Christ,
You contended superbly.
You sailed over the sea of many torments and afflictions,
O all-bless Euplus.
Guide us into the haven of heaven.
Kontakion of The Martyr and Archdeacon Euplius of Catania —Tone I
When the love of Christ was your only defence,
You stood in the midst of your fight and said:
I endure this struggle willingly and with confidence!
You rejoiced, O Euplus, to offer your head to the sword and so complete your course!
EUSEBIUS of MILAN, a native of Greece, St. Eusebius served as the nineteenth Bishop of Milan (c. 449–462). In 451, St. Eusebius convened a council in Milan, where the Tome of Pope St. Leo the Great (10th November) was read and approved, hence this local council affirmed the Fourth Œcumenical Council’s condemnation of Eutyches' Christological heresy.
GRACILIAN and FELICISSIMA the BLIND, according to tradition, during the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313), St. Gracilian was condemned to death for the Faith. Whilst in prison awaiting martyrdom, a woman brought her blind daughter, St. Felicissima, to St. Gracilian and he miraculously restored her sight. St. Felicissima embraced Christ instantaneously and was immediately baptised by St. Gracilian, and then condemned to death by the authorities. SS. Gracilian and Felicissima were martyred by beheading on the same day in the early fourth century.
HERCULANUS of BRESCIA, a mid-sixth century Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy (northern Italy). No other reliable information on his life is extant.
HILARIA, DIGNA, EUPREPIA, EUNOMIA, QUIRIACUS, LARGIO, CRESCENTIAN, NIMMIA, JULIANA, and COMPANIONS, Martyrs of Augsburg, (Fourth Century), a group of twenty-nine Christians in Augsburg, Bavaria (Germany) who were martyred, circa 304, during the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313). St. Hilaria was the mother of St. Afra of Augsburg (5th August), and was burned alive, along with her three maids, Digna, Euprepia, and Eunomia, as they prayed at St. Afra’s tomb. The balance of these martyrs were killed in riots led by pagan mobs.
JÆNBERT (JAMBERT, JANBERT, LAMBERT), an Abbot of St. Augustine’s Abbey in Canterbury, Kent, England, who was consecrated fourteenth Archbishop of Canterbury on 2nd February, 765. St. Jænbert reposed in 792, and is buried at Canterbury Cathedral.
MEREWENNA, (Date Uncertain), said to have been a daughter of the great Welsh saint, King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), St. Merewenna is the patron saint of Marham Church near Bude, Cornwall, England. According to some sources she is the same saint as St. Morwenna (8th July), also a daughter of King St. Brychan.
PORCARIUS (PORCHAIRE) of LÉRINS and FIVE HUNDRED COMPANIONS, St. Porcarius was Abbot of the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins (abbaye Notre Dame de Lérins) on one of the Lérins Islands in the Mediterranean Ocean off the Côte d’Azur in France. Circa 732, he was warned by an angel in a vision that the abbey was about to be attacked. St. Porcarius immediately sent off by ship all the young students, as well as thirty-six of the younger monks. Soon afterwards the monastery was attacked by Saracens (or more likely Vikings), and with the exception of four monks taken as slaves, St. Porcarius and the remaining community numbering five hundred monks were massacred.
UST (JUSTUS), (Date Unknown), the patron of the St. Just in Penwith Parish Church in Church St., St. Just-in-Penwith, Cornwall, England, in which, according to English chronicler and antiquary, William of Worcester (†c. 1482), St. Just's relics are enshrined . The town of St. Just, Cornwall, England is named for him as well. Some accounts state that he was a hermit, others a martyr, and still others claim he was a bishop. It is most likely there were two or more saints of the same name in Brittany, Wales, and Cornwall in the fifth or sixth century. However, the lack of reliable information makes it impossible to state with any amount of certainty specific details of his life.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.