Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
5th September (NS) — 23rd August (OS)
23rd August O.S.
ALTIGIANUS and HILARINUS, two monks martyred by Saracens at Saint-Seine in Burgundy 731.
EBBA (ÆBBA) THE YOUNGER and COMPANIONS, St. Ebba the Younger was Abbess of Coldingham, an abbey in the Scottish Borders, which had been founded two centuries prior by St. Ebba the Elder (25th August). During a Viking raid on Scotland in 879, St. Ebba mutilated her nose and upper lip with a razor, in the hopes of discouraging the invaders from raping her. With her encouragement, the entire community followed suit. The act is one of the possible origins of the expression ‘cutting off the nose to spite the face’. While it did result in revolting the Vikings, they set fire to the monastery in retaliation, killing the entire community.
Troparion of St. Ebba the Younger — Tone I
Having finished your course and kept the Faith unto the end
In the agony of immolation ye died for Christ
The Lamb and Shepherd, slain as reason-endowed ewe-lambs
Wherefore, magnifying Him with joyous soul
We celebrate your holy memory today,
O right wondrous and glorious Ebba
and all those of thy flock who suffered with thee.
EUGENE (EOGHAN, EUNY, OWEN), born in Leinster, Ireland, St. Eugene spent a great deal of time missionising, with great success both in Britain and on the Continent. He returned to his native land where he was consecrated the first Bishop of Ardstraw, which later became the See of Derry of which St. Eugene is patron saint. St. Eugene reposed c.618.
FLAVIAN (FLAVINIAN, FLAVIUS) of AUTUN, the twenty-first Bishop of Autun. It is generally believed he lived in the first half of the seventh century A.D.
MINERVIUS, ELEAZAR and COMPANIONS, although the extant details leave much to be desired; it is fairly safe to say SS. Minervius and Eleazar, along with eight children, were martyred at Lyons in the early third century A.D.
QUIRIACUS, MAXIMUS, ARCHELAUS, and COMPANIONS, St. Quiriacus, Bishop of Ostia; Maximus, a priest; and Archelaus, a deacon; along with an unknown number of Christian soldiers seem to have been martyred at Ostia. The Roman Martyrology places their martyrdom during the reign of Alexander Severus (r. 222 – 235), however contemporary scholarship places it at some time after 255.
TYDFIL, according to legend, St. Tydfil was a daughter of King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April). She is said to have been martyred, with others, c.480, by marauding Picts and Saxons at the location now known as Merthyr Tydfil in Mid Glamorgan, Wales.
VICTOR VITENSIS (VICTOR of VITA), a Bishop of Vita, in the Roman Province of Byzacena (present-day Tunisia). He is mainly remembered for the Historia persecutionis Africanae Provinciae, temporibus Geiserici et Hunirici regime Wandalorum, his eyewitness accounts of the suffering afflicted upon orthodox Christians of northern Africa by the Arian Vandals. St. Victor was banished by the Vandals and reposed in exile on the Island of Sardinia at the beginning of the sixth century A.D.
5th September N.S.
BERTIN, a monk at Luxeuil Abbey in Burgundy, who served as an assistant to St. Omer (9th September), Bishop of Thérouanne, and then as second Abbot of Sithin (later renamed the Abbey of St. Bertin). Under St. Bertin the Abbey became one of the leading monasteries in the north of Europe. St. Bertin reposed c.709.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
GENEBALD of LAON, possibly married to a niece of St. Remigius of Rheims (1st October), who appointed him first Bishop of Laon. Tenth-century chronicler and Canon of Reims Flodoard in his Flodoardi Historiae Remensis Ecclesiae, relates that St. Genebald spent seven years living in a small cell, eating only on bread and water, as penance for engaging in marital relations with his wife after his episcopal consecration. St. Genebald reposed c.555.
HERCULANUS, a martyr in Porto near Rome, most likely during the reign of Marcus Aurelius, c.180.
OBDULIA, (Date Unknown), a holy virgin whose relics are enshrined at Toledo in Spain, where she is venerated, no further details of her life are extant.
QUINTIUS, ARCONTIUS, and DONATUS, (Date Unknown), martyrs who are venerated in Capua and other places in the south of Italy. However, no details of their lives are extant.
VICTORINUS, seventeenth Bishop of Como, he was known for his fervent opposition to Arianism. St. Victorinus reposed 644.