Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
4th September (NS) — 22nd August (OS)
22nd August O.S.
ANDREW of TUSCANY, an Irishman who, along with his sister St. Brigid (1st February), studied under St. Donatus (22nd October). St. Andrew accompanied St. Donatus to Italy, and when the later was appointed Bishop of Fiesole, he ordained St. Andrew to the deaconate. St. Andrew served as St. Donatus’ Archdeacon, restored the church of San Martino di Mensola and founded a monastery there. St. Andrew reposed shortly after St. Donatus, c.880.
ANTONINUS, a public executioner in Rome, who proclaimed himself a Christian after having a vision of angels. As a result of his conversion St. Antoninus was beheaded 186.
ARNULF, (Eighth or Ninth Century), There is no reliable historical information on the life of St. Arnulf, and his existence may be entirely apocryphal. One legend states that he was a hermit near St. Neots, Cambridgeshire, England. Another possibility is that the existence of St. Arnulf is nothing more than a legend which grew up around a French tradition that the relics of St. Arnulf of Metz (18th July) were translated to England.
ETHELGITHA, St. Ethelgitha was an abbess of a convent in Northumbria, England who reposed circa 720. Nothing further is known of her life.
FABRICIAN and PHILIBERT, (Date Unknown), said to have been martyrs in Toledo, Spain, however, there is no information on their lives extent.
GUNIFORT, (Date Unknown),a native of either Scotland or Ireland, St. Gunifort, his brother, and two of his sisters, left the British Isles, on a pilgrimage to Pavia. The sisters were martyred in Germany, his brother at Como, St. Gunifort, though injured, escaped Como, and reached Pavia, where he succumbed to his wounds. Though the exact year of his martyrdom is unknown, it has been conjectured it took place under Maximian Herculeus, which would place it c.300.
HIPPOLYTUS of PORTO, there are many contradictory versions of the life of St. Hippolytus. That which is most accepted is he was born in Arabia; a disciple of St. Irenaeus of Lyons (28th June), or more likely, Clement of Alexandria; that upon coming to Rome he was consecrated Bishop of Porto; and that he was martyred by drowning during the reign of Alexander Severus (222 – 235).
MARTIAL, EPICTETUS, MAPRILIS, FELIX, and COMPANIONS, often referred to as the “Pilgrim Martyrs” they were a group of Christians on a pilgrimage to Rome, who were martyred at Porto near Rome, c.300 either on the way to, on their return from, Rome.
MAURUS and COMPANIONS, St. Maurus and a group of forty-nine of fellow Christians who were martyred for the faith at Rheims in north-eastern Gaul. Whilst traditionally their martyrdom has been said to have taken place during the reign of Emperor Valerian (r.253 – 260), some contemporary scholars argue for dating it during the reign of Emperor Diocletian (r.284 – 305).
SIGFRID, a disciple of St. Benedict Biscop (12th January) at Wearmouth Abbey, St. Sigfrid succeeded St. Eosterwine (7th March) as Abbot of Wearmouth. St. Sigfrid reposed in 688, and in time, his relics were enshrined with those of SS. Benedict Biscop and Eosterwine in the Abbey church.
SYMPHORIANUS, (Third Century), a Christian in Autun (present-day France), martyred for refusing to worship an idol.
TIMOTHY, (Date Unknown), a martyr in Rome of whom little definitive is known. The general consensus is that after protracted imprisonment and brutal scourging, St. Timothy was beheaded, near where the Basilica of St. Paul’s outside the Walls now stands.
4th September N.S.
BONIFACE I, forty-second Pope of Rome from 28th December 418 until his repose 4th September 422. There is little in the way of reliable information on his life prior to his election. According to the Liber Pontificalis Pope St. Boniface I was a Roman and the son of a priest by the name of Jocundus. He is thought to have been ordained by Pope St. Damasus I (11th December) and may have served as representative of Pope St. Innocent I (28th July) at Constantinople (c.405).
CALETRICUS, the successor of St. Leobinus (15th September) as Bishop of Chartres (c.557). He reposed c.580, and nothing else certain is known of his Life.
CANDIDA the ELDER, an elderly woman, miraculously healed by the Apostle Peter (29th June) in Naples, and converted to Christianity. She later converted St. Aspren (3rd August), who became the first Bishop of Naples. St. Candida reposed c.78.
IDA of HERZFELD, a young widow who founded the convent of Herzfeld in Westphalia, devoting the rest of her life to good works. St. Ida reposed c.825.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MARCELLUS (MARCEAU), a priest in Lyons, arrested during the persecution under Marcus Aurelius. St. Marcellus escaped from prison, and continued to preach the Gospel. Unfortunately, he was arrested again, and tortured before he was buried up to his waist on the banks of the Saône and left to die. St. Marcellus survived for three days before he died, c.178.
MARCELLUS, (Date Unknown), little to nothing reliable is known about this saint. However, both Tongres and Trier have claimed him as having served as one of their early bishops.
MARINUS, (Fourth Century), ostensibly St. Marinus was a stonemason who was born on an island off the coast of Dalmatia, but fled to Rimini to avoid persecution. In time, he was ordained to the Deaconate by Gaudentius, Bishop of Rimini, and reposed as an anchorite approximately 15 km (9 miles) west of Rimini, in the centre of what is now the Republic of San Marino.
MONESSA, St. Monessa, the daughter of an Irish chieftain, was baptised by St. Patrick (17th March). According to tradition, she reposed immediately following her baptism (456). No further information on her life is extant.
RHUDDLAD, (Seventh Century ?), St. Rhuddlad is the patron saint of Llanrhyddlad (Welsh: Llan-Rhûddlad) in Anglesey, Wales. There is no further information on her life extant.
SALVINUS, there is no information on this saint extant, beyond that he was the successor of St. Maurus (20th January) as the third Bishop of Verdun and reposed c.420.
SULPICIUS (SULPICE) of BAYEUX, twenty-first Bishop of Bayeux from c.838 until he was martyred by Vikings in Livry, Normandy, c.843.
ULTAN, St. Ultan was the Abbot-Bishop of Ardbraccan, Co. Meath, Ireland. Although no contemporary Lives have survived, the Annals of Ulster record the year of his repose as 657, and extensive mention of him is made in the Félire Óengusso (Martyrology of Ængus). He is remembered for his care of the poor, and especially his work on behalf of destitute and orphaned children.