Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
3rd September (NS) — 21st August (OS)
21st August O.S.
ANASTASIUS, an officer in the Roman Legion, inspired by the courage of the young St. Agapitus (18th August) as he endured torture, cried out: “The God of Agapitus is my God”. St. Anastasius was arrested by order of the Emperor Aurelian and put to death (274) at Salone, about twenty km (twelve mi) from Palestrina, near Rome.
AVITUS I of CLERMONT, the eighteenth Bishop of Clermont, and friend of St. Gregory of Tours (17th November), whom he ordained to the deaconate. St. Avitus reposed c.600.
CYRIACA (DOMINICA), (Third Century), a widow in Rome and patroness of St. Laurence of Rome (10th August), who is believed to have used her home in Rome, to give food to the poor. St. Cyriaca was martyred 249.
EUPREPIUS, (First Century), according to tradition the first Bishop of Verona in the north of present-day Italy. Little that is factual is known about him, the common Veronese legend that St. Euprepius was one of the Seventy has no basis in fact.
LEONTIUS the ELDER, (Sixth Century), eighth Bishop of Bordeaux, and the predecessor of St. Leontius the Younger (11th July). St. Leontius reposed c.541.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
LUXORIUS, CISELLUS, and CAMERINUS, early-fourth-century martyrs in Sardinia beheaded under Diocletian (303). St. Luxorius had been a soldier in the imperial army, the other two were boys whom he encouraged by him to accept martyrdom rather than renounce Christ.
PATERNUS, a native of Alexandria who, while travelling through Italy, was arrested in Fondi, and reposed during his incarceration, c.255.
PRIVATUS (PRIVAT), a third-century Bishop of Mende in the Languedoc. Captured by Alemanni invaders, St. Privatus was subjected to barbaric tortures in the hopes that his flock would surrender. He refused to tell them to surrender and they refused to do so, and although the invaders gave up in the face of this resistance, St. Privatus succumbed to the injuries he sustained while being tortured and reposed.
QUADRATUS, a third-century Bishop of Utica in Africa Proconsularis. St. Quadratus and his flock were subjected to severe torture, but refused to renounce Christ, and were martyred. Their constancy of faith led to them being greatly revered by their fellow Christians throughout northern Africa.
SIDONIUS (APOLLINARIS), a native of Lyons, Caius Sollius Apollinaris Sidonius was a soldier, poet, diplomat, and lastly a bishop. He is one of the few Gallo-Roman aristocrats whose letters survive in quantity, leading one contemporary Antiquities scholar to call St. Sidonius “the single most important surviving author from fifth-century Gaul”. Though a wealthy, well-connected nobleman, and married to the daughter of the Emperor of the West, St. Sidonius gave his wealth to the poor. He was elected Bishop of Auvergne (Clermont, present-day Clermont-Ferrand) c.470-472. When the city was besieged by the Goths in 474, St. Sidonius took an active part in its defence, and so was imprisoned when the city was captured. However, he was soon released by order of Euric, king of the Goths, and continued to serve his flock until his repose in 480.
3rd September N.S.
AIGULPHUS (AYOU, AYOUL) and COMPANIONS, monks at Fleury who were sent to retrieve the relics of St. Benedict of Nursia (11th July) from the wreckage of Abbey of Monte Cassino. St. Aigulphus later served as Abbot of Lérins, where it is said he undertook much needed reforms. His clashes with a local chieftain, led to him being taken, with four of his monks, to an island near Corsica where they were all martyred, c.676.
AMBROSE, a Bishop of Sens who reposed c.455, and about whom no further information is extant.
AUXANUS, known in Milan as Sant’Ansano, where he seems to have served as bishop for two or three years, and has always been held in great veneration as a Saint and example of an ideal bishop. St. Auxanus reposed 568.
EUPHEMIA, DOROTHY, THECLA, and ERASMA, (First Century?), SS. Euphemia and Dorothy were the daughters of Valentius, a pagan nobleman in Aquileia, and SS. Thecla and Erasma their Christian cousins. When Valentius heard that his daughters had been baptised, he had them and his nieces arrested. They were subjected to torture, then beheaded, and finally their bodies were cast into a river near Aquileia.
FRUGENTIUS, one of the monks martyred with St. Aigulphus (vide supra), 675.
GREGORY the DIALOGIST (the GREAT), the son of St. Sylvia (4th November), and nephew of SS. Tarsilla and Emiliana (5th January), and commonly believed to have been the grandson of St. Felix II, Pope of Rome (1st March). Gregory was born in Rome, and having received an excellent secular education, received several high-ranking government appointments, though his true desire was to receive monastic tonsure. Following the repose of his father, he used his inheritance to found six monasteries, including one in Rome dedicated to the holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called, where he received monastic tonsure. He spent some time in Constantinople as an emissary of the Pope of Rome; and upon his return was chosen successor of Pelagius II as Pope of Rome himself. His Pontificate was notable for many events, not the least of which was his sending missionaries to England, not only due to the conversion of the English, but also for the subsidiary effect of spreading the Faith amongst the Germanic peoples of north-west Europe. He was instrumental in the conversion of the Lombards and Goths, was a supporter of monasticism, and a prolific writer. St. Gregory is credited with the first written record of the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts in Latin, and his Dialogues, and Regula Pastoralis are classics of Orthodox literature. He reposed 604, and his relics are enshrined in the cathedral of the holy Apostle Peter in the Vatican.
Troparion of St. Gregory the Dialogist, Pope of Rome — Tone IV
Receiving divine grace from God on high, glorious Gregory,
and strengthened with its power, you willed to walk in the path of the Gospel, most blessed one.
Therefore, you have received from Christ the reward of your labours.
Entreat Him that He may save our souls.
Kontakion of St. Gregory the Dialogist, Pope of Rome — Tone III
Father Gregory, you showed yourself to be an imitator of Christ, the chief Shepherd,
guiding the orders of monks to the fold of heaven.
You taught the flock of Christ His commandments.
Now you rejoice and dance with them in the mansions of heaven.
HERESWITH (HERESWITHA), a princess from Northumbria in England, and sister of St. Hilda of Whitby (17th November). After being widowed, St. Hereswith received monastic tonsure at Chelles in Gaul, where she lived out the rest of her life, reposing c.690.
MACANISIUS, according to tradition, St. Macanisius was baptised as an infant by St. Patrick (17th March), who later consecrated him first Abbot-Bishop of Connor (sometimes known as Kells, not to be confused with Kells, Co. Meath or Kells, Co. Kilkenny) in present-day Co. Antrim, Ireland. Nothing further is known of his life; St. Macanisius reposed 514.
MANSUETUS (MANSU, MANSUY), a Bishop of Toul in Gaul, widely believed to have been originally from Scotland. His work to spread the Faith amongst the local population was so successful that he is regarded as the Apostle of Lorraine. St. Mansuetus reposed c.350.
NATALIS, (Sixth Century), a native of Benevento in Campania, who became a priest in Casale in Piedmont, and is remembered as a man of great sanctity.
REGULUS (RIEUL), a monk at Rebais, who succeeded St. Nivard (1st September) as Bishop of Rheims (673). He served that See until c.690, and reposed 698.
REMACLUS, a nobleman from Aquitaine in southern Gaul, who received monastic tonsure in 625 and shortly thereafter was ordained to the priesthood. St. Remaclus was then appointed by St. Eligius (1st December) to serve as the first Abbot of Solignac near Limoges. As an advisor to Sigebert II of Austrasia, St. Remaclus persuaded the king to establish the double-monastery of Stavelot and Malmedy in 648; and then served as their first abbot. In 652 St. Remaclus was appointed missionary Bishop of Maastricht, in present-day Holland. Though relations between his predecessors and the local population has been difficult to say the least, St. Remaclus was able to establish several monasteries in his See before resigning in 662, and retiring to Stavelot Abbey, where he reposed, 663.
SANDILA (SANDALUS, SANDOLUS, SANDULF), (Date Uncertain – Probably Mid-Ninth Century), martyred by the Moors in Cordoba. There is no further information extant.