Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
18th May (NS) — 5th May (OS)
5th May O.S.
BRITO (BRITONIUS), the tenth Bishop of Trier. Although St. Brito was a staunch opponent of heresy, he believed that ecclesiastical matters were the purview the Church, not the State. As a result of this belief he provided sanctuary to heretics sought by the State. St. Britto reposed circa A.D. 385.
CRESCENTIANA, nothing is known of this martyr, and her existence would have gone unnoticed were there not a church in Rome dating from the late fifth century A.D. dedicated to her.
ECHA (ETHA), a hermit in Yorkshire, who was greatly venerated for his wonderworking and the holiness of his life. He reposed A.D. 767.
GERUNTIUS of MILAN, little is known about St. Geruntius, save he was a disciple of St. Eusebius (12th August), whom he succeeded as Bishop of Milan circa A.D. 465. St. Geruntius served as twentieth Bishop of Milan until his repose circa A.D. 470.
HILARY of ARLES, a pagan whose education and innate abilities led to a high-ranking position in the local civil government. He was also related to St. Honoratus (16th January), who invited St. Hilary to visit him at Lérins Abbey. Whilst there, St. Hilary was baptised and received monastic tonsure, and became a disciple of St. Honoratus. When St. Honoratus was consecrated Bishop of Arles, St. Hilary accompanied him to Arles where he served as St. Honoratus’ secretary. St. Hilary was consecrated eleventh Bishop of Arles following St. Honoratus’ repose in A.D. 430. As bishop, St. Hilary approached his pastoral duties as well as the conversion of pagans with great vigour. Often his exuberance got the better of him, raising the ire of both the civil authorities as well as the denizens of Arles, leading to Papal reprimands on at least two occasions. Exuberance and zeal notwithstanding, there was no one doubted his sanctity of the depth of his conviction. St. Hilary reposed in A.D. 449.
HYDROC, St. Hydroc is believed to have lived during the fifth century. He is the patron saint of Llanhyroc in Cornwall, but there is no other information on his life.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
JOVINIAN, a Reader and fellow missionary of St. Peregrinus of Auxerre (16th May). It is thought he was martyred circa A.D. 300.
MAURONTUS (MAURONT), the eldest son of SS. Adalbald (2nd February) and Rictrudis (12th May), and brother of SS. Clotsindis of Marchiennes (30th June), Eusebia of Hamage (16th March), and Adalsindis of Hamay (25th December). St. Maurontus left his position at Merovingian Court to receive monastic tonsure, entering the monastery founded by his mother at Marchiennes in Flanders. He later was the Abbot-founder, and patron of an abbey on family lands at Bruël near the Lys river. St. Maurontus reposed A.D. 701.
NECTARIUS (NECTAIRE), the fourteenth Bishop of Vienne. He is believed to have taken part in the Council of Vaison (circa A.D. 350). St. Nectarius reposed circa A.D. 445.
NICETUS (NIZIER), the fifteenth Bishop of Vienne, and it has been said he was a great supporter of monasticism in his diocese. Beyond that nothing is known of his life. St. Nicetus reposed circa A.D. 449.
SACERDOS, believed to have been a Bishop of Saguntum, present-day Murviedro, Spain. St. Sacerdos reposed circa A.D. 560.
SILVANUS, (Date Unknown), aside from a listing in the Roman Martyrology saying he was martyred in Rome, nothing is known of St. Silvanus’ life.
THEODORE of BOLOGNA, the seventeenth Bishop of Bologna, from circa A.D. 530 until his repose circa A.D. 550.
WALDRADA, the first Abbess of Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnain Abbey in Metz. St. Waldrada reposed circa A.D. 620.
18th May N.S.
ELGIVA, St. Elgiva was the wife of King Edmund I and mother of King St. Edgar the Peaceful (8th July). Upon the death of her husband, she entered the monastery of Shaftesbury in England eventually becoming Abbess. She reposed in either A.D. 944 or 971.
FELIX of SPOLETO, a bishop martyred circa A.D. 304 during the Diocletianic Persecution. There is debate amongst most scholars as to whether his See was Spoleto where his cultus is centred, or neighbouring Spello in Umbria. Though Baring-Gould contends St. Félix’s See was Spoleto in Dalmatia.
FEREDARIUS, a native of Ireland, St. Feredarius went to Iona, where he succeeded St. Columba (9th June) as Abbot. It was during his Abbotship that the relics of St. Columba were translated to Ireland to protect them from the invading Danes, and were enshrined with those of St. Patrick (17th March). St. Feredarius reposed circa A.D. 863.
JOHN I, Archdeacon of Rome elected fifty-third Pope of Rome A.D. 523. His short pontificate was primarily occupied by the scheming and intrigues of the increasingly paranoid Theodoric, the Arian King of the Ostrogoths. Theodoric sent St. John to Constantinople as his envoy to Emperor Justine I. Upon St. John’s return from Constantinople, Theodoric’s deluded belief that St. John and Emperor Justin were plotting against him, led Theodoric to imprison St. John who soon reposed from thirst and hunger, A.D. 526.
MERILILAUN (MEROLILAUN), an eighth century A.D. British pilgrim who was martyred near Rheims while on his way to Rome.
VENANTIUS (VENANZIO), a boy in his mid to late teens who was tortured and then beheaded at Camerino in the Apennines Mountains bordering Umbria, during the Decian Persecution, circa A.D. 250. St. Venantius is the patron saint of Camerino, and his relics are enshrined in the Basilica of San Venanzio in Camerino.