Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
16th April (NS) — 3rd April (OS)
3rd April O.S.
ATTALA (ATTALUS), an abbot of a monastery in Taormina in Sicily. St. Attala reposed circa A.D. 800.
BURGUNDOFARA (FARA), (in France 7th December), Sister of SS. Cagnoald (6th September) and Faro (28th October), and daughter of Count Agneric, a courtier of King Theodebert II. St. Burgundofara was drawn to monastic life from childhood, though her father desired her to marry, however after being miraculously cured by St. Eustace (29th March) of a grave illness St. Burgundofara’s father changed his mind, and built her what came to be known as the double Abbey of Notre Dame of Faremoutiers, the etymology of Faremoutiers being “Fara’s Monastery”. St. Burgundofara served as abbess there for thirty-seven years, reposing in A.D. 657.
PANCRAS (PANCRATIUS), (First Century), a native of Antioch who travelled to Jerusalem, there he was consecrated as a missionary bishop by the St. Peter the Apostle, and sent to Taormina, Sicily. There he is said to have miraculously saved Taormina from a pagan attract, though soon after St. Pancras was martyred by other pagans.
SIXTUS I (XYSTUS), seventh Pope of Rome from A.D. 117 until his repose. His repose was originally thought to be circa A.D. 142, however more recent research concludes it was closer to circa A.D. 125. He is also sometimes referred to as a martyr.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
16th April N.S.
CAIUS and CREMENTIUS, martyrs at Saragossa circa A.D. 304, during the Diocletianic Persecution.
ELIAS, an Irishman who was made Abbot of the Celtic Abbey of St. Martin the Great in Cologne (circa A.D. 1020), and later the Archbishop of Cologne appointed him Abbot of the Abbey of St. Pantaleon as well. St. Elias reposed in A.D. 1042.
ENCRATIA (ENCRATIS, ENCRATIDE, ENGRACIA), a maiden who fled marriage in her native Portugal to live as a monastic in Saragossa. There she was subjected to severe torture, most likely during the Diocletianic Persecution (c. A.D. 304), though her name is absent from the lists of the martyrs of Saragossa of that era.
FRUCTUOSUS, a prince of the Visigoth royal family, who upon the death of his parents, sold his assets, giving most to the poor. With the balance of his funds, St. Fructuosus built several monasteries, serving as abbot of one. However, he felt his duties were drawing him away from God, so left to live as a hermit. His reputation for holiness led to him attracting many disciples, and being ordered by his bishop to accept consecration as the Bishop of Dumium, and roughly two years later elevation to Archbishop of Braga. St. Fructuosus reposed in A.D. 665.
HERVEUS (HERVÉ) of TOURS, a monk at the Abbey of St. Martin of Tours, and though a member of the community, St. Herveus lived as a hermit. He reposed in A.D. 1021.
LAMBERT of SARAGOSSA, there are two St. Lamberts of Saragossa commemorated on this day. The first who managed to survive the Diocletianic Persecution, only to be martyred by pagans in A.D. 306. The second St. Lambert was a servant martyred by his Muslim master circa A.D. 900.
PATERNUS (PAIR), this Saint Paternus’ life is somewhat entangled with those of 15th April, especially St. Paternus / Padarn. Today’s St. Paternus, is said to have been the son of a son of a civil servant in Poitiers, received monastic tonsure at an abbey in Poitou, and after he had matured in the spiritual life, he settled near Coutances in Normandy where he lived as a hermit. Later a monastery was built there and dedicated to him. It is believed St. Paternus was the founder of several monasteries, and abbot of one of them. At the age of seventy, he was consecrated Bishop of Avranches, serving that See for thirteen years, until his repose which has been variously recorded as circa A.D. 550, 563, 568, and 574. As his birth is thought to have been circa A.D. 482, he was consecrated bishop at the age of seventy (A.D. 552), and served for thirteen years (A.D. 565) as bishop, it is reasonable to date his repose as being circa A.D. 565.
THE EIGHTEEN MARTYRS of SARAGOSSA: APODEMUS, CAECILIAN, CAIUS, CREMENTIUS, ENGRATIA, EVENTIUS, FELIX, FRONTO, GAIUS, JULIA, LAMBERT, LUPERCUS, MARTIAL, OPTATUS, PRIMITIVUS, PUBLIUS, QUINTILIAN, FOUR NAMED SATURNIUS, SUCCESUS, and URBAN, a group of Christians martyred at Saragossa during the Diocletianic Persecution, circa A.D. 304.
TURIBIUS of ASTORGA, an early Bishop of Astorga in north-western Hispania. St. Turibius was known for his zealous opposition to Priscillianism, and his ardent support of Pope St. Leo the Great (10th November). St. Turibius reposed circa A.D. 460.
VASIUS (VAISE, VAIZE), a wealthy Christian in Saintes in present-day south-western France. St. Vasius was imprisoned and later beheaded, circa A.D. 500, by his family for distributing his wealth to the poor.