Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
13th August (NS) — 31st July (OS)
31st July O.S.
CALIMERIUS Apostle of the Po Valley, though there are several legends regarding the life of St. Calimerius, all that is certain is that he was a bishop whose relics were enshrined in Milan’s Basilica di San Calimero, and in all likelihood his episcopate was in the late third, not second as is often reported, century A.D.
FABIUS, a Christian soldier beheaded in Caesarea in Mauretania Caesariensis (present-day Cherchell, Algeria) during the Diocletianic Persecution (A.D. 300) for refusing to carry a standard bearing idolatrous emblems, and stating his faith in Christ as the reason for his refusal.
FIRMUS of TAGASTE, (Date Unknown), praised by St. Augustine of Hippo (28th August) for the steadfastness of his faith, St. Firmus was a Bishop a Bishop of Tagaste in north-eastern Numidia (present-day Algeria), who endured horrifying torture for refusing to reveal the hiding-place of a fellow Christian.
GERMANUS of AUXERRE, a native of Auxerre, and one-time governor of part of Gaul, who went on to serve as Bishop of his city of birth. He made two visits to Britain, the first to help combat Pelagianism (possibly accompanied by St. Lupus of Troyes), and a second trip where he is said to have ordained SS. Dubricius (14th November) and Illtyd (6th November). St. Germanus reposed in Ravenna A.D. 448.
NEOT, (Ninth Century), St. Neot is the subject of an eleventh century Life, according to which he was a monk at Glastonbury Abbey and councillor of King Alfred the Great. St. Neot retired to a hermitage in Cornwall. In time, a group of disciples gathered around him; this community grew into present-day St. Neot, Cornwall. He is thought to have reposed circa A.D. 880, and was buried at St. Neot, Cornwall, though some of his relics were later translated to the town now called St. Neots in Cambridgeshire England.
13th August N.S.
CASSIAN of IMOLA, a third or fourth century A.D. martyr. St. Cassian was a schoolmaster, who is said to have been martyred by his students who tied him to a stake and stabbed him to death with their styli.
CASSIAN of TODI, a fourth century Bishop of Todi in central Italy, who was martyred during the persecutions of christians during the reign of Maximian Herculeus.
CENTOLLA and HELEN, (Date Uncertain), two women, possibly nuns, who, according to tradition were martyred near Burgos in Spain.
HERULPH, St. Herulph received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of St. Gall in present-day St. Gallen, Switzerland). He returned to his native Ellwangen in the Dutchy of Swabia (present-day Baden-Württemberg, Germany) circa A.D. 764 where he founded and was first Abbot of the Abbey of Salvator Mundi and SS. Peter and Paul, the area’s first Benedictine monastery. St. Herulph later served as the thirty-third Bishop of Langres in Gaul, reposing A.D. 785.
HIPPOLYTUS, CONCORDIA, and COMPANIONS, one of the most important theologians of his era, St. Hippolytus is the subject of a variety of legends none of which can be verified. He has been accused of being part of the Novatian Schism, and of setting himself up as an alternative Bishop of Rome, after accusing the incumbent of Sabellianism. However, it seems he repented and was reconciled to the Church before his martyrdom (circa A.D. 235). St. Concordia is said to have been St. Hippolytus’ nurse, and she, along with nineteen other Christians were beheaded outside the Tivoli Gate of Rome.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
JUNIAN, a sixth century A.D. abbot and hermit. St. Junian was the founder of Mairé (Mariacum) Abbey in Poitou, and a friend of St. Radegund (vide infra).
LUDOLF, related to the ducal family of the House of Saxony, and son of the Reeve of Corvey, St. Ludolf served as Abbot of Corbeia Nova (Fürstabtei Corvey) in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia from A.D. 965 until his repose A.D. 983.
MURTAGH (MUREDACH), (Fifth Century), St. Murtagh was a disciple of St. Patrick (17th March), who consecrated him first Bishop of Killala, Co. Mayo, Ireland. The limited information we have on his life is mainly apocryphal. It appears he resigned his See after few years and spent the remainder of his life as a hermit on an island in Donegal Bay, now called Innismurray after him.
PONTIAN, the successor of St. Urban I (25th May) as Pope of Rome. However, three years into his pontificate he was exiled by the Emperor Maximinus Thrax to Sardinia. He reposed, A.D. 235, whilst still in exile. His relics were translated to Rome during the papacy of Fabian (A.D. 236 – 50), and interred in the papal crypt of the Catacomb of Callistus.
RADEGUND, the daughter of a pagan King in Thuringia taken by the Frankish King Clotaire I to be one of his six wives or concubines. In time she left Clotaire, received monastic tonsure, and founded the Monastery Holy Cross at Poitiers in France where she reposed A.D. 587, after more than three decades of monastic life.
WIGBERT, an Anglo-Saxon disciple of St. Egbert (24th April) in Ireland, who spent two tears evangelising the heathen in Friesland. St. Wigbert returned to Ireland where he spent the rest of his life, reposing circa A.D. 690.