Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
11th May (NS) — 28th April (OS)
28th April O.S.
ADALBERO (ADALBERON von DILLINGEN), scion of the Counts of Dillingen (Duchy of Swabia), and uncle of St. Ulric (4th July). St. Adalbero received monastic tonsure in A.D. 850 at Dillingen. He served as tutor to the future King Louis the Child, and as Abbot of the Imperial Abbey of Ellwangen. St. Adalbero was consecrated Bishop of Augsburg circa A.D. 887 serving until his repose in A.D. 909.
APHRODISIUS, CARALIPPUS, AGAPIUS, and EUSEBIUS, (Date Uncertain), early martyrs in Languedoc. Various traditions place them in the first, second, or third centuries A.D. Their lives were memorialised by St. Gregory of Tours (17th November).
ARTEMIUS, a native of Sens who became Bishop of that See. He attended both the Second (A.D. 581 or 582) and Third (A.D. 585) Synods of Mâcon. St. Artemius was also the spiritual father of St. Bond (15th September). St. Artemius reposed in A.D. 609.
CRONAN of ROSCREA, the founder of several monasteries in Ireland, the major one being at Roscrea, Co. Tipperary. St. Cronan was known for his wonderworking, and had many disciples. St. Cronan reposed circa A.D. 640; his relics were enshrined in the church at Roscrea.
GERARD, (Probably Seventh Century), traditionally believed to have been one of four pilgrims from England — the other three were Ardwine, Bernard, and Hugh — who all reposed in Galinaro in the south of present-day Italy whilst on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. There is some doubt amongst scholars as to the historical authenticity of their existence, and if they did indeed exist, the century in which they flourished.
MARK of GALILEE, according to tradition, St. Mark was a native of Galilee who went to Italy where he was converted by St. Peter (29th June). The Apostle then dispatched him to the Abruzzi to enlighten the local population and serve as first Bishop of that See. St. Mark’s mission was quite fruitful, though he was martyred A.D. 92.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
PAMPHILUS, a seventh century A.D. Bishop of Sulmona and Corfinium in the Abruzzi. St. Pamphilus was renowned as a wonderworker, and his seemingly endless charity and love for the poor.
POLLIO, a reader of the church of Cybalae in Pannonia. St. Pollio, along with a group of fellow Christians, was martyred, circa A.D. 304, during the Diocletianic Persecution.
PRUDENTIUS, St. Prudentius became a hermit at the age of fifteen, and seven years later began evangelising the area around Calahorra Aragon. A wonderworker of some renown, he was soon ordained to the priesthood. After serving as Canon in the church at Calahorra, St. Prudentius was consecrated Bishop of Tarazona, Aragon, reposing circa A.D. 700.
URSICINUS of RAVENNA, a physician sentenced to death for being a Christian. As the time of his martyrdom came closer, St. Ursicinus’ began to weaken and thoughts of apostasy entered his mind. However, with the support and encouragement of St. Vitalis (vide infra), St. Ursicinus remained resolute and was beheaded for his faith, circa A.D. 67.
VALERIA, (First or Second Century), wife of St. Vitalis of Milan (vide infra), and mother of SS. Gervase and Protase (19th June). St. Valeria was martyred along with her husband St. Vitalis (vide infra).
VITALIS of MILAN, (First or Second Century), husband of St. Valeria (vide supra), and father of SS. Gervase and Protase (19th June). St. Vitalis is believed to have given moral and emotional support to St. Ursicinus of Ravenna (vide supra) whilst facing martyrdom.
11th May N.S.
ANASTASIUS, a soldier of the Imperial Roman Army martyred A.D. 303 at Lérida in Catalonia during the Diocletianic Persecution.
ANTHIMUS, a priest in Rome, very successful in bringing people to Christ. However, when St. Anthimus converted a Prefect, he came to the attention of the authorities. St. Anthimus was arrested and sentenced to be drowned in the Tiber. However, when the sentence was carried out, he was miraculously pulled from the river by an angel. St. Anthimus recommenced his evangelisation, but was soon arrested again, and this time beheaded on the Via Salaria outside of Rome, A.D 303.
EVELLIUS, an advisor to Emperor Nero (r. A.D. 54 – 68), who impressed by the faith and patience of martyrs converted to Christianity. He then fled the imperial court and Rome, but was captured and beheaded in Pisa, circa A.D. 66.
FREMUND, St. Fremund was an Anglo-Saxon hermit, and perhaps a member of the Royal Family of Mercia. He appears to have been martyred by the Danes in A.D. 866. His relics were enshrined at Dunstable in Bedfordshire, England.
GENGULPHUS (GANDOUL, GANGLOFF, GANGULF), a nobleman and courtier in the Burgundian court. St. Gengulphus lived as a hermit in his castle after his wife proved to be a serial adulteress. He was murdered by one of his wife’s paramour A.D. 760. Due to the circumstances of his death, and the miracles wrought at his tomb, St. Gengulphus has been honoured as a martyr.
ILLUMINATUS, a late tenth century A.D. monk at Abbey of San Mariano in present-day valle Fabiana, San Severino Marche, Italy.
MAJOLUS (MAIEUL), a priest at Lyons, who when chosen to become Bishop of Besançon, fled to the Abbey of St. Peter at Cluny where he received monastic tonsure. When the Abbot, Aymard, became blind, he resigned and St. Majolus was elected Abbot of Cluny. His education and piety lead him to be called upon to advise not just other communities seeking to improve their discipline, as well as secular authorities, especially Emperor Otto. St. Majolus reposed at Sauvigny A.D. 994, whilst on his way to Paris.
MAMERTUS, second Archbishop of Vienne, it is believed he is the same person as the Bishop Mammertus who attended the Council of Aries (A.D. 475). St. Mamertus reposed later that year.
MAXIMUS, BASSUS, and FABIUS, three Christians martyred A.D. 304, on the Via Salaria outside Rome during the Diocletianic Persecution.
POSSESSOR, Bishop of Verdun from A.D. 470 until his repose circa A.D. 485. St. Possessor led his flock during a time of endless waves of Frank, Vandal, and Goth invasions.
PRINCIPIA, a disciple of St. Marcella (31st January) in Rome. St. Principia reposed circa A.D. 420.
SISINIUS, DIOCLETIUS, and FLORENTIUS, martyred A.D. 303 at Osimo near Ancona during the Diocletianic Persecution.
TUDY (TUDINUS, TEGWIN, THETGO), (Fifth Century), a disciple of St. Brioc (1st May), monk, missionary in Brittany and Cornwall, and finally Abbot of the Abbey of St. Guénolé de Landévennec in Brittany.
WALBERT (VAUBERT), a Duke of Lorraine, and Count of Hainault. St. Walbert was married to St. Bertilia (3rd January) with whom he fathered Waldetrudis (9th April) and Aldegund (30th January). Nothing further seems to be known of his life. St. Walbert reposed circa A.D. 678.