Western Saints of the Orthodox Church — 17th August
AMOR (AMATOR, AMOUR), (Eighth Century), a disciple of St. Pirmin (3rd November), and founder of the monastery of Amorbach in Lower Franconia, present-day Bavaria Germany.
ANASTASIUS, according to tradition, St. Anastasius was a native of Syria, who came to Umbria and settled as a hermit near Perugia. In time, he was elevated to the Episcopacy. As Bishop of Terni, he was known as a most humble and virtuous prelate. He reposed circa 553.
BENEDICTA and CECILIA, (Tenth Century), two daughters of the King of Lorraine who both received monastic tonsure and later served successively as Abbesses of Susteren Abbey near present-day Roermond, Limburg, Netherlands.
CARLOMAN, the eldest son of Charles Martel, he became King of Austrasia upon the death of his father. He encouraged the foundation of monasteries at Fulda in Germany and Lobbes and Stavelot in Belgium. In August 747, St. Carloman renounced his kingdom, and received monastic tonsure from Pope Zachary. He founded a monastery on Mt. Soracte, and later went to Monte Cassino. He reposed at Vienne in France 754, and was buried at Monte Cassino.
EUSEBIUS, a native of Greece, who whilst living in Rome became embroiled in a violent dispute over the readmission of apostates after the persecutions under Diocletian. He was exiled to Sicily by the Emperor Maxentius, reposing almost immediately, circa 310.
HIERO (IERO), an Irishman who went to the Low Lands to preach the Gospel, and was martyred, most likely at Noordwijk, 885.
JAMES the DEACON, (Seventh Century), the little we know of St. James is from St. Bede the Venerable’s (25th May) writings on St. Paulinus of York (10th October) in the (Historia Ecclesiastica 2:16 and 2:20). It appears St. James was a member of the mission led by St. Augustine of Canterbury (27th May). St. James served as St. Paulinus’ deacon when he accompanied St. Ethelburgh (5th April) to Northumbria upon her marriage to King St. Edwin (12th October). Following King St. Edwin’s martyrdom (633), SS. Ethelburga and Paulinus returned to Kent leaving St. James as the sole member of the mission in Northumbria It is not understood why St. Paulisnus did not ordain St. James to the priesthood when he left him in charge, and St. James remained a deacon until his repose.
Following the complete collapse of the secular power which had supported the Church, Christianity faced active pagan opposition. Nevertheless, St. James, from his base near the village of Catterick in Yorkshire, tirelessly and faithfully ministered to his flock, and won many new souls for Christ as well. He was quite talented musically and skilled in the Roman chants composed by St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), known to us today as Gregorian Chant. St. James taught these to his flock, and once peace returned and the churches reopened, the services in Northumbria were beautified by these chants. The exact date of St. James’ repose in not known, but it is believed that he lived at least thirty years after the repose of King St. Edwin (633), and was personally known to St. Bede the Venerable (673-735). According to some sources he participated in the Synod of Whitby which took place 664.
Troparion of St. James the Deacon – Tone IV
Wholly adorned with the virtues, O James most wise, thou wast a
beauteous ornament of the Church of Christ; for, ordering well its
sacred rituals, thou didst adorn them with psalmody most sweet, and
labouring well in the field of thy Lord, thou didst reap a great
harvest of men’s souls. Wherefore, grant the gift of sacred hymnody
to those in need thereof, that all may sing with fervour: Rejoice,
O most glorious father, great boast of pious deacons!
LIBERATUS, BONIFACE, SERVUS, RUSTICUS, ROGATUS, SEPTIMUS, and MAXIMUS, martyred under the Arian King Hunneric. St. Liberatus was abbot of a monastery in North Africa, the others were monks. They are said to have been subjected to unspeakable tortures before being killed 483.
THEODULUS (THEODORE) of GRAMMONT, (Fourth Century), most likely the first Bishop of Valais. He founded the Abbey of Saint-Maurice, the oldest north of the Alps.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.