Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
8th February (NS) — 26th January (OS)
26th January O.S.
ALPHONSUS of ASTORGA, a ninth century Bishop of Astorga in present-day Spain. In later life he retired and spent the rest of his life living as a simple monk at the monastery of St. Stephen de Ribas de Sil in Spanish Galicia. Nothing further seems to be known of his life.
ANSURIUS (ASSUR), one of the founders of the monastery of St. Stephen de Ribas de Sil. St. Ansurius was consecrated second Bishop of Orense, Galicia in 909. In 922 he retired to Ribas de Sil, where he spent the next three years, living a life of prayer. St. Ansurius reposed of natural causes in 925.
ATHANASIUS, (Date Unknown), a Bishop of Sorrento, in present-day Italy. No further information is extant.
CONAN, one of the early bishops of the Isle of Man, he was born in Ireland and became a monk at Iona. While in the Acta Sanctorum the Bollandists place St. Conan amongst the early bishops of Man, and the noted hagiographer and historian John Colgan O.F.M. (†c. 1657) gives an account of his life and labours, the history of the Isle of Man of this era is quite obscure, and it is almost impossible to state any facts certainty. St. Conan is believed to have reposed circa 648.
PAULA, a Roman noblewoman whose patrician husband left her a widow at the age of 32. Mother to five children including St. Eustochium (28th September) and St. Blaesilla (22nd January). Her life was written by her spiritual father St. Jerome (30th September). Following the death of her husband, St. Paula devoted the rest of her life to serving God. During this time, she spent over two decades in the Holy Land where she is credited with founding several churches, a hospice, and two separate monasteries, one for men, the other for women — where she served as the first Abbess. St. Paula reposed in 404 and is buried beneath the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
THEOFRID (THÉOFROY), St. Theofrid received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (L'abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil), and was later made Abbot of the Royal Abbey of St. Peter of Corbie (abbaye royale Saint-Pierre de Corbie) in Picardy. St. Theofrid is also listed as a bishop in most martyrologies, though there is no See listed. St. Theofrid reposed circa 690.
8th February N.S.
CUTHMAN, (Eighth Century), a shepherd near Steyning in Sussex. St. Cuthman spent the time he was tending his flock in prayer and was known as a wonderworker. St. Cuthman also built what become the Church of St. Andrew and St. Cuthman (Church of England) in Steyning. Nothing further is known of this saint.
ELFLEDA (ÆLFLAED), a Saxon princess, she was the daughter of King Oswy of Northumbria. Her father consecrated her to God in infancy, placing her in the care of St. Hilda (17th November) at Whitby. St. Elfleda succeeded St. Hilda as Abbess of Whitby and was a powerful force in Church affairs. She is said to have mediated a dispute between SS. Wilfrid (12th October) and Theodore of Canterbury (19th September), and to have aided St. Cuthbert (26th October). St. Elfleda reposed in 713.
HONORATUS of MILAN, consecrated bishop of Milan in 567, succeeding St. Auxanus in that See. St. Honoratus' episcopacy coincided with both the Three-Chapter Controversy phase of the Arian heresy, as well as the Lombard invasions, with the Lombards driving him in to exile. St. Honoratus reposed in 570, without ever being able to return to his See.
JUVENTIUS of PAVIA , the Roman Martyrology contains an entry on 8th February for St. Juventius at Pavia, a bishop who preached the Gospel. A much fuller entry exists on 9th December, which relates the evangelisation by SS. Syrus (9th December) and Juventius of Pavia. St. Juventius flourished in the First Century and served as the first Bishop of Pavia.
KIGWE (KEWE, CIWA), (Date Uncertain), we know nothing certain about this saint. It is likely that she is the same as St. Ciwa, a sixth or seventh century saint venerated in Monmouthshire. She is listed in the Exeter Martyrology on 8th February, and there is a Welsh Kalendar that lists the name Kigwe or Kigwoe. Alternative spellings include Ciwg and Cwick. It is almost completely certain that she is not the same as St. Keyna (8th October), who has left her name to Keynsham in Somersetshire.
MARY (MLADA), the youngest daughter of Prince Boleslav I of Bohemia. St. Mary was part of the delegation sent by her father to Pope John XIII, to request the creation of a diocese for Bohemia, which at the time was part of the Diocese of Regensburg. Whilst in Rome, St. Mary received monastic tonsure, and the name Mary. The delegation returned to Prague successful and St. Mary returned with a blessing to establish the first monastic community in Bohemia. St. Mary was the founding-Abbess of the Abbey of St. George which was located in Prague Castle. St. Mary served as Abbess of St. George until her repose in 994.
MEINGOLD, (Tenth Century), a nobleman who lived in Huy on the Meuse in present-day Belgium. St. Meingold was renowned for his personal sanctity. Whilst returning from a pilgrimage, St. Meingold was murdered by bandits.
NICETIUS (NIZIER) of BESANÇON, a seventh century Bishop of Besançon, in present-day France. St. Nicetius was also a friend of St. Columbanus of Luxeuil (23rd November). He reposed in 611.
ONCHO (ONCHUO), (Sixth or Seventh century), St. Oncho was a pilgrim, a poet, a guardian of sacred traditions, as well as a collector of holy relics in his native Ireland. Whilst on one of his pilgrimages in search of relics, he reposed at Clonmore monastery, which was governed by St. Maidoc (28th February) at that time, and his body was enshrined there, along with the relics he had gathered during his life.
PAUL of VERDUN, possibly a brother of St. Germanus of Paris (28th May), St. Paul was a hermit on what is now called Paulsberg near Trier. He later moved to the Abbey St. Maurice of Tholey in Saarland. St. Paul was consecrated Bishop of Verdun circa 630 serving until his repose circa 649.
PAUL, LUCIUS, and CYRIACUS, (Date Uncertain), martyrs in Rome, of whom there is no further information.