Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
7th October (NS) — 24th September (OS) 2019
ANATHALON of MILAN, according to Milanese tradition the first Bishop of Milan (north-west Italy) was the Apostle Barnabas (11th June), however, this tradition is of somewhat questionable veracity. There seems to be no historical doubt that St. Anathalon, a disciple of the Apostle Barnabas, did serve as the first Bishop of Milan, and exercised the functions of a bishop at Brescia and other parts of Lombardy (northern Italy). St. Anathalon is said to have reposed at Brescia whilst on an episcopal visitation in 61.
ANDOCHIUS, THYRSUS, and FELIX, Martyrs of Autun, St. Polycarp of Smyrna (23rd February) sent St. Andochius, a priest; and St. Thyrsus, a deacon; from Smyrna (present-day İzmir in Turkey) to Gaul. Landing at Marseille (south-eastern France) , they travelled to Lyons (east-central France), and settled at Autun, Burgundy (east-central France). There they were given lodging and assistance in their endeavours by St. Felix, a wealthy merchant from the East. All three were martyred in 179, and their relics were venerated throughout Gaul.
CHUNIALD and GISLAR, (Seventh Century), natives of Ireland who are said to have assisted St. Rupert of Salzburg (27th March) in his work to enlighten Bavaria (southern Germany) and present-day western Austria.
GERARD SAGREDO (GERARDO SAGREDO, SAGREDO GELLÉRT), an Italian monk from Venice who had a principal role in the conversion of Hungary where he served as the first Bishop of Csanád. When he first arrived in Hungary, St. Gerard served as tutor to St. Emeric of Hungary (4th November) the son of St. Stephen (16th August), King of Hungary (r. 997–1038). Soon St. Gerard went to live as a hermit at Bakonybél Abbey in present-day north-western Hungary. He was elevated to the See of Csanád circa 1030 and served as its Bishop until his martyrdom in 1046.
GEREMARUS (GERMER), a native of Beauvais in the north of modern-day France, who, with the consent of his wife, received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Pental in present-day Saint-Samson-de-la-Roque in Normandy (north-western France), eventually serving as its Abbot. St. Geremarus resigned his abbacy following a revolt by his monks and went to live as a hermit in a nearby cave. In 655 St. Geremarus founded, and served as first Abbot of, what came to be called the Abbey of Fly (abbaye Saint-Germer-de-Fly), in Picardy (northern France). St. Geremarus reposed circa 658, his relics were initially enshrined at Beauvais Cathedral, but were translated to the Abbey of Saint-Germer-de-Fly in 1132.
RUSTICUS of CLERMONT, eighth Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne (south-central France) from 426 until his repose in 446. Nothing further is known of his life.
YSARN of ST. VICTOR (ISARNUS of TOULOUSE), a native of Toulouse (southern France) who served as an Abbot of the Abbey of Saint Victor (abbaye Saint-Victor de Marseille) in Marseille (south-eastern France), which flourished under his leadership. St. Ysarn was renowned for his care of criminals. He reposed in 1048.
ADALGIS of NOVARA, a member of the court of Lothair I, King of the Franks (r. 814–855) and Holy Roman Emperor (r. 817–855) who was appointed to serve as Bishop of Novara in Piedmont (north-western Italy) from circa 830 until his repose circa 850. St. Adalgis is buried in the Basilica of San Gaudenzio in Novara.
AUGUSTUS of BOURGES, (Late Sixth Century), an abbot in Bourges (central France). St. Augustus was also a friend of St. Germanus of Paris (28th May). St. Augustus is best known for having discovered the relics of St. Ursinus of Bourges (9th November), the first Bishop of Bourges.
CYNOG (CANOG, CENNEUR), (Fifth Century), the eldest son of the great King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), St. Cynog was martyred by Barbarians at Merthyr-Cynog (shrine of Cynog) in Powys, Wales circa 492, his relics are enshrined at Merthyr-Cynog.
DUBHTHACH (DUBTHACH, DUBTACH) of ARMAGH, (Sixth Century), There were two Abbot-Bishops of Armagh in Ulster by the name of Dubhthach. Dubhthach the First was the sixth Abbot-Bishop of Armagh, serving from 497 until his repose in 513. Dubhthach the Second (or Younger) served as the ninth Abbot-Bishop of Armagh for twelve years from 536 until his repose in 548. The Annals of the Four Masters only refer to Dubhthach the Second as a saint, however there is no other record extant of his veneration or Feast Day. The Book of Saints by the Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine at Ramsgate, England as well as several other contemporary listings of saints, list a feast date of 7th October.
HELANUS, (Sixth Century), along with six brothers and three sisters, St. Helanus travelled to France from Ireland, where they lived as hermits along the River Marne near Reims (north-eastern France). St. Helanus, who was a priest, served as de facto abbot of the small community, and ministered to the people of the surrounding area.
JUSTINA of PADUA, according to tradition St. Justina was a maiden who flourished during the Apostolic Age. She was martyred in Padua (Northern Italy) during the reign of either Nero (r. 54–68) or Domitian (r. 81–96).
MARCELLUS and APULEIUS, (First Century), the Roman Martyrology relates that SS. Marcellus and Apuleius were followers of Simon Magus who were converted after witnessing the miracles of the Apostle St. Peter (29th June). They were later martyred and buried outside the walls of Rome.
MARK (MARCUS), a Roman by birth, Pope St. Mark succeeded Pope St. Silvester (31st December), serving as the thirty-fourth Pope of Rome for only 263 days (18th January–7th October, 336). However, in that brief time the Liber Pontificalis, credits St. Mark with the founding of the Basilica of San Marco in Rome, and it is possible he founded a second basilica as well. St. Mark reposed on 7th October 336, of natural causes.
OSGYTH (OSYTH, OSITH), (Seventh Century), according to tradition St. Osgyth was the daughter of Frithwald (Frithuwold), a sub-king of Mercia and Wilburga, the daughter of the pagan King Penda of Mercia, and niece of St. Edith of Polesworth (15th July), and St. Eadburh of Bicester (18th July). She was raised by her aunt St. Edith of Polesworth at St. Edith’s monastery, or under the guidance of St. Modwenna of Burton (5th July), leading to St. Osgyth’s desire to become a monastic. However, her father betrothed her to Sigehere, King of the East Saxons (r. 663/4–c. 688) for political reasons. This union produced the future St. Offa (15th December), King of the East Saxons (r. c. 707–c. 709). In time, Sigehere acquiesced to St. Osgyth’s desire for the monastic life, and she founded an abbey at Chich, present-day St. Osyth, Essex, England, and served as its first Abbess. St. Osgyth was martyred by heathen Danes or other pirates circa 700.
PALLADIUS (PALLAIS, PALLADE) of SAINTES, the twelfth Bishop of Saintes (south- western France). St. Palladius served from circa 570–3 until his repose circa 596–600.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.