Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
7th November (NS) — 25th October (OS)
25th October O.S.
CRISPIN and CRISPINIAN, Roman missionaries in the area around Soisson in present-day France. Beheaded at Soisson circa 285 – 287, their cultus enjoyed great popularity in the Middle Ages, as memorialised by Shakespeare in King Henry’s address to his troops prior to the Battle of Agincourt (Henry V Act IV Scene iii ). The later adoption of the Roman Calendar in which the Feast of the Martyrs SS. Chrysanthus and Darias took precedence, led to the liturgical celebration of their feast being superseded. SS. Crispin and Crispinian supported themselves as shoemakers, and are the Patron Saints of shoemakers, saddlers, and tanners. They are often said to have been brothers, and possibly members of the Roman Nobility, though there is no evidence to support this.
CYRINUS (of ROME), a victim of the Diocletianic Persecution, St. Cyrinus was martyred in Rome in the late third century.
DULCARDUS, a monk at Abbey of Saint-Mesmin, Micy, near Orleans. St. Dulcardus spent the last years of his life as a hermit in what later became the village of Saint-Doulchard, just north-west of present-day Bourges, France. St. Dulcardus reposed in 584.
FRONTO and GEORGE (of PÉRIGUEUX) , according to the Martyrology of Ado (circa 858), and the 1914 edition of the Roman Martyrology St. Fronto, a bishop, was baptised by St. Peter (29th June) and then sent by the Apostle, along with St. George, a priest, to missionize the Périgueux, serving as the first Bishop of that See, and reposing in the first century. According to some later traditions St. George was the founder of the church at Le Puy-en-Velay. There are some hagiographies (circa 10th – 13th century) where St. Fronto flourished in the mid- to late-third century and was dispatched to Périgueux to help the Christian community there recover from the Decian Persecution.
FRUCTUS (FRUTOS), VALENTINE, and ENGRATIA, two brothers and a sister who lived in Sépulveda in Castile. Following the martyrdom of SS. Valentine and Engratia at the hand of the Moors circa 715, St. Frutos escaped, and living as a hermit until his repose of natural causes later the same year. Their relics are enshrined at Segovia of which they are the patron saints, and where their feast is still celebrated on the week-end closest to the 25th of October by the community of Aguilafuente (Segovia)
GAUDENTIUS of BRESCIA, the successor to St. Philastrius (18th July) as Bishop of Brescia, receiving consecration at the hands of St. Ambrose (7th December) circa 387. St. Guadentius reposed somewhere between 410 and 420. We are fortunate that some of his sermons, including ten of his Easter sermons, has survived.
GOEZNOVEUS, a native of Cornwall and brother of St. Meugant (26th September). St. Goeznoveus went to Brittany and was later consecrated Bishop of Léon. He reposed in 675.
GUESNOVEUS (GOUERNOU), a Bishop of Quimper in Brittany, and founder of a monastery of some renown near Brest. St. Guesnoveus reposed at his monastery in 675.
HILARY of JAVOLS, (Sixth Century), one of the last Bishops of Javols before it was subsumed by the Diocese of Mende. There is no further information on his life extant.
HILARY of MENDE, an adult convert who lived as a hermit on the banks of the River Tarn in southern present-day France. St. Hilary built a monastery for the disciples who joined him, but then left to live at the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins to gain better knowledge of their monastic rule. Returning to his monastery, he was consecrated Bishop of Mende. St. Hilary reposed in 535.
HILDEMARCA, St. Hildemarca was Abbess of St. Eulalia Abbey in Bordeaux, when St. Wandrille (22nd July) appointed her to serve as Abbess of the new Abbey of the Trinity of Fécamp (Abbaye de la Trinité de Fécamp). St. Hildemarca reposed circa 670.
LUPUS of BAYEUX, fourth Bishop of Bayeux (circa 434 - 464).
MARTYRS of ROME , a group of forty-six soldiers and twenty-one civilians martyred in Rome (269), during the reign (268 – 270) of Claudius II .
MINIATO (MINIAS), considered the first Florentine martyr, St. Miniato was a soldier stationed in Florence who energetically evangelised his fellow soldiers. St. Miniato was martyred during the Decian Persecution (circa 250). It is said he was subjected to extreme torture prior to his execution. The Basilica of San Miniato al Monte in Florence is dedicated to him.
PROTUS and JANUARIUS, Ordained by Pope St. Caius (22nd April), Protus to the priesthood, and Januarius to the deaconate, the saints laboured to evangelise their native Sardinia. Whilst their work was quite fruitful, they were martyred by decapitation at Porto Torres on the north-west coast of Sardinia during the Diocletianic Persecution in 303.
THEODOSIUS, LUCIUS, MARK, and PETER, of a group of fifty soldiers martyred (269) in Rome during the reign (268 – 270) of Claudius II, only the names of these four saints are known to us.
7th November N.S.
AMARAND, an Abbot of the Abbey of St. Peter of Moissac in south-western Gaul, who was Bishop of Albi at the end of the seventh century. St. Amarand reposed circa 700.
AMARANTHUS, a third century martyr at Vieux near Albi in southern Gaul. His relics are enshrined at the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Cecilia of Albi
BLINLIVET (BLEVILEGUETUS), (Ninth Century), a Bishop of Vannes in Brittany, who spent the last years of his life as a monk at Quimper Abbey
CONGAR, (Sixth Century), said to have been a son of Geraint, Prince of Devon. St. Congar founded monasteries at Badgeworth and Congresbury (where he is buried) in Somerset, as well as at Llangennith (Welsh: Llangenydd/Llangynydd) in Gower, south Wales. It is generally believed that he flourished in the sixth century, though the English Menology states it was during the reign of King Ina of Wessex (r. 688–726). The calendar of the Moscow Patriarchate lists St. Congar, Bishop of Somerset on 27th November, albeit without a year of repose.
Troparion of St. Congar — Tone VIII
In Congarsbury's monastery thou wast laid to rest, O Father Congar,/
Evangeliser of Somerset and teacher of monastics./
Pray to God for us, that we may worthily follow in thy footsteps/
bringing the light of the Faith to those who languish in the darkness of unbelief,/
making this a second Age of Saints, that thereby many souls may be saved.
FLORENTIUS of STRASBOURG, an Irishman who emigrated to the Continent and settled in the forest near present-day Niederhaslach, France. Once settled, St. Florentius, built a monastery. He was consecrated Bishop of Strasbourg circa 678 serving that See until his repose circa 693.
GÉBÉTRUDE (GERTRUDE), a granddaughter of St. Romaricus (8th December) and sister of St. Adelphus (11th September), St. Gébétrude was educated at Remiremont Abbey near the Vosges Mountains in Lorrain. At the completion of her studies, she received monastic tonsure at the Abbey, and later served as its third abbess. St. Gébétrude reposed circa 675.
HERCULANUS, a Bishop of Perugia in Umbria. St. Herculanus was beheaded in 549 by Ostro-Goth soldiers by the order of their leader, Totila.
PROSDOCIMUS, the first Bishop of Padua, who, according to tradition was sent there by St. Peter (29th June ). St. Prosdocimus reposed circa 100.
RAVERRANUS, a late seventh century Bishop of Séez in Normandy. St. Raverranus reposed 682. No further information on his life is extant.
RUFUS of METZ, an early Bishop of Metz. No information on St. Rufus is extant, though St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) notes a translation of St. Rufus' relics. He is thought to have reposed circa 400.
TREMORUS (TRÉMEUR), (Sixth Century), the infant son of St. Triphina (5th July) and educated by Saint Gildas the Wise (29th January). St. Tremorus' pagan father, Count Conmore, whose hatred for Christianity seemingly had no bounds, beheaded his son solely for being Christian.
WILLIBRORD (CLEMENT) of ECHTERNACH, APOSTLE of the FRISIANS, a Northumbrian missionary to the Low Countries. Working with eleven other monks many Frisians were brought to Christ. St. Willibrord was consecrated the first Bishop of Utrecht circa 696, taking the name of Clement. St. Willibrord reposed circa 739.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.