Dr. John (Ellsworth) Hutchison-Hall

Eastern Orthodox Christian theologian, philosopher, historian, and cultural commentator.


Home » Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints 7th March (NS) — 22nd February (OS)

Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
7th March (NS) — 22nd February (OS)

by | Orthodox Western Saints

22nd February O.S.

ELWIN, (Sixth Century), though no reliable Life is extant, it seems that St. Elwin accompanied St. Breaca (4th June) and six others from Ireland to Cornwall in the sixth century. A chapel in Sithney parish, Cornwall, has been dedicated to St. Elwen since the 13th century, and in Brittany, several sites and place names are associated with possibly related figures.

JOHN the SAXON, a native of Friesland who was invited to England by King Alfred (r. 871–899), along with other holy and learned men, to restore monasticism in England following the Danish invasions. He was made Abbot of Athelney in Somersetshire, where his zeal for the restoration of Religious discipline led to his being murdered in 895 whilst kneeling in prayer in his oratory.

Mosaic of Emperor Justinian and his retinue

Mosaic of Emperor Justinian and his retinue at the Basilica of St. Vitale in Ravenna.

MAXIMIAN of RAVENNA, consecrated the twenty-seventh Bishop of Ravenna by Pope Vigilius in 546, St. Maximian was active in the building and furnishing of churches throughout his See, most notably the completion of the Basilica of St. Vitale, and the Throne of Maximian a cathedra carved entirely from ivory, now housed at the Museo Arcivescovile in Ravenna. The Diocese of Ravenna was elevated to an Archdiocese during St. Maximian’s episcopate, making him the first Archbishop as well. St. Maximian reposed circa 556.

PASCHASIUS, an early fourth century Bishop of Vienne. St. Paschasius reposed in 312, nothing more is known of his life.

RAYNERIUS (RAYNIER), a monk at Beaulieu Abbey near Limoges. St. Raynerius reposed circa 967.

7th March N.S.

ARDO, St. Ardo received monastic tonsure at what came to be called the Abbey of St. Benedict of Aniane (abbaye Saint Benoît d'Aniane), in Hérault, taking the name Ardo to replace his baptismal one of Smaragdus. At Aniane he served as secretary to the founding Abbot St. Benedict of Aniane (11th February), and following St. Benedict’s repose in 821, St. Ardo wrote a Life of St. Benedict that is considered to be one of the most reliable of the era. St. Ardo reposed in 843.

DEIFER, (Sixth Century), a Welsh saint, he was the founder and first Abbot of Bodfari Monastery in Denbighshire. No further information on this saint is extant.

DRAUSINUS (DRAUSIUS), the twenty-second Bishop of Soissons. He was a great supporter of monasticism, and founded the Abbey of Our Lady of Soissons (abbaye Notre-Dame de Soissons) and of the Abbey of Rethondes. St. Drausinus reposed circa 674.

ENODOCH (WENEDOC), St. Enodoch was a Welsh saint and a member of the great King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April) family. It is possible she is the same saint as St. Gwen (18th October ), daughter of the legendary King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April). Though the exact year of her repose is unknown, it would have been no later than 520.

EOSTERWINE (EASTERWINE, ESTERWINUS), a Northumbrian noble and cousin of St. Benedict Biscop (12th January), he entered the monastery of Wearmouth under his cousin at the age of 24. St. Eosterwine was known for his humility and gentleness, refined through a life of constant prayer, as well as for his zeal and skill when serving as abbot in his cousin’s absence. St. Eosterwine reposed in 688 and his relics were enshrined with those of SS. Benedict Biscop and Sigfrid (22nd August), his successor, before the altar of St. Peter's Church at Wearmouth, Tyne and Wear, England.

GAUDIOSUS of BRESCIA, the thirteenth or fifteenth Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy, where his relics are enshrined in the church of Sant’Alessandro. There are no details of his Life extant, though he is generally believed to have reposed circa 445.

PERPETUA, FELICITY, SATURUS (SATYRUS), SATURNINUS, REVOCATUS, and SECUNDULUS, one of the most noteworthy early Christian texts, The Passion of The Holy Martyrs Perpetua and Felicitas is an eyewitness account of the suffering and martyrdom of these saints. A group of five catechumens, along with their catechist, Saturus, were imprisoned and then martyred in Carthage, Africa Proconsularis during birthday celebrations for Emperor Septimus Severus (r. 193–211). Though the date of their martyrdom is generally accepted to be 203, there are some passages of the Passion which lead one to believe it might have been several years later.


Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.