Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
7th August (NS) — 25th July (OS)
25th July O.S.
APOSTLE JAMES, (on Eastern calendars 30th April and 30th June as one of the Twelve.) The Holy, Glorious, All-Laudable Apostle James, also known as James the Great(er) to distinguish him from the Apostle James Brother of Our Lord, or the Lesser (23rd October). The son of Zebedee, the brother of the Apostle and Evangelist John the Theologian (8th May), the Apostle is counted amongst the Twelve, and is the only apostle whose martyrdom, in 44, is recorded in the New Testament (Acts 12:1-2), and therefore is traditionally said to be the first of the twelve apostles martyred for his faith. According to legend St. James travelled as far as Spain, where he is the patron saint, and his relics are said to be enshrined Santiago de Compostela in Galicia. The Camino de Santiago has been a significant pilgrimage route since the Early Middle Ages. The Apostle James is also commemorated on 30th December in the Mozarabic Rite.
Troparion of The Holy, Glorious, All-Laudable Apostle James – Tone VIII
As a soldier of the Lord you were ranked among the choir of apostles
Together with your brother, O James, you clung wholeheartedly to the Savior.
Armed with the power of the Spirit you preached him to all and were slain by the sword.
Therefore we sing your praises!
Troparion of The Holy, Glorious, All-Laudable Apostle James – Tone III
You were a chosen apostle of Christ
And the only brother of the beloved Theologian.
Most praised James, ask remission of sins and great mercy
For those who sing hymns to you.
Kontakion of The Holy, Glorious, All-Laudable Apostle James – Tone II
You heard the voice of God calling you
And turned away from the love of your father.
With your brother you hastened after Christ, O glorious James.
With him, you were counted worthy to behold the Lord’s divine Transfiguration!
CUCUPHAS (CUCUFATE, CUGAT, GUINEFORT, QOQOFAS), a North African who was martyred (circa 304) near Barcelona. His relics were translated to France (777), and later enshrined at the Abbey of St. Denys near Paris (835). The Monastery of St. Cugat de Valles, north of Barcelona is believed to be situated on the site of his martyrdom.
FLORENTIUS (FLORENCE) and FELIX, two soldiers who were martyred under Maximinius the Thracian at Furcona near Aquila 235.
GLODESIND, betrothed to a nobleman who was arrested on their wedding day, and soon after executed. After receiving instruction from her aunt, who lived a life of sanctity at Trier, St. Glodesind received monastic tonsure. She later founded a monastery at Metz where she served as the first Abbess. St. Glodesind reposed circa 608.
MAGNERICUS, the Bishop of Trier from circa 566 until his repose in 596. A close friend of St. Gregory of Tours (17th November), St. Magnericus was one of the most well-known and highly respected bishops of his era.
NISSEN, (Fifth Century), converted by St. Patrick (17th March) who then made him Abbot of Montgarth, in present-day Co. Wexford, Ireland.
THEODEMIR, a monk martyred in Cordoba under Emir Abd ar-Rahman II, 851, for refusing to renounce Christianity. He is buried in the choir of the church of Saint Zoilo in Cordoba.
7th August N.S.
CARPOPHORUS, EXANTHUS, CASSIUS, SEVERINUS, SECUNDUS, and LICINIUS, soldiers martyred (circa 295) in Como in the north of Italy under Maximianus Herculius Augustus. According to one legend Carpophorus and Exanthus, were members of the legendary Theban Legion.
DONAT (DUNWYD), (Date Unknown), according to the English Menology St. Donat is the patron saint of St. Donat’s, or Llandunwyn, in the Vale of Glamorgan in Wales. There is no further information on his life extant.
DONATIAN, (Date Uncertain), a disciple of and successor to St. Memmius (5th August), and second Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France.
DONATUS and HILARY (HILARINUS), (Fourth Century), St. Donatus, the second Bishop of Arezzo, and St. Hilary, a monk, were martyred under Julian the Apostate. St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) amongst others have attributed numerous miracles to these saints.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
DONATUS, a Frankish aristocrat, baptised by St. Columbanus (23rd November). He received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil, and in time consecrated Bishop of Besançon. A great supporter of monasticism, St. Donatus founded a monastery of St. Paul in Besançon. He is also known for the Regula Donati, a monastic rule he wrote for the community founded by his mother after she was widowed. St. Donatus reposed circa 660.
FAUSTUS, though there are no particulars of his life extant, tradition has it that he was a soldier who was tortured and eventually killed for the Faith in Milan during the reign of Commodus (180 – 193).
PETER, JULIAN, and COMPANIONS, though listed in all of the ancient martyrologies, no details of their lives are extant. SS. Peter, Julian, and Companions are said to have been a group of at least twenty martyred in Rome under the persecutions of Valerian and Gallienus circa 260.
VICTRICIUS (VICTRICE), the son of a Roman legionnaire who followed his father into military service. However, after becoming a Christian, St. Victricius found military service incompatible with his Faith, and refused to continue his military service. He was flogged and sentenced to be executed, however the sentence was not carried out and he was discharged. St. Victricius became a missionary evangelising the people of Flanders, Hainault, and Brabant. He was consecrated the eighth Bishop of Rouen circa 386 or 393. He was, at one point, accused of heresy, and was defended from that charge by Pope Innocent I. St. Victricius was also known as an author and his works include De Laude Sanctorum, a short sermon he in 396 to welcome a gift of relics from St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December). St. Victricius reposed 417.