Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints

6th November (NS) — 24th October (OS)

by | Orthodox Western Saints

24th October O.S.

CADFARCH, reputed to have been a member of a family of unspecified saints, St. Cadfarch was a sixth century disciple of St. Illtyd (6th November). He is believed to have founded a church in Pengoes, Powys, Wales, where there is a holy well known as St. Cadfarch’s Well, said to have healing properties.

Troparion of St. Cadfarch — Tone VIII

Brother and companion of saints,

O Father Cadfarch, thou art truly numbered

among the Righteous of the Age of Saints.

Wherefore intercede for us, weak as we are,

that Christ our God will grant us great mercy.

EVERGISLUS (EBREGESILUS), an early fifth century-Bishop of Cologne. St. Evergislus was martyred by bandits whilst visiting Tongeren in present-day Belgium.

FELIX (AFRICANUS), AUDACTUS (ADAUCTUS), JANUARIUS, FORTUNATUS, and SEPTIMUS, early victims of the Diocletianic Persecution in 303. St. Felix, Bishop of Thibiuca in Africa Proconsularis, despite every enticement, refused to surrender Sacred Scriptures to the authorities. As a result, he along with Audactus, Januarius, Fortunatus, and Septimus, were martyred.

FROMUNDUS (FRÉMOND), Bishop of Coutances in France from circa 674 until his repose circa 690. Whilst bishop, St. Fromundus founded the women's Abbey of the Holy Virgin in Ham, Normandy in August 679.

MAGLORIUS (MAELOR), a native of south Wales and possible relation of St. Samson of Dol (28th July), whom he accompanied to Brittany. In Brittany they both became abbots, St. Samson in Dol, St. Maglorius in Lanmeur. Following the repose of St. Samson, St. Maglorius was appointed to succeed him as Bishop of Dol. Later he retired from his See, and went to Sark in the Channel Islands, there he founded a monastery where he lived until his repose circa 575. Later the relics of St. Maglorius were enshrined at the Église Saint-Jacques-du-Haut-Pas in Paris' 5th Arrondissement.

MARCIUS (MARK, MARTIN), a hermit at Monte Cassino, whose virtues were acclaimed by St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), and was said to have been a wonderworker by Peter the Deacon, librarian of the Abbey of Montecassino and continuator of the Chronicon Monasterii Casinensis (Montecassino Chronicle). Towards the end of his life St. Marcius left Monte Cassino and spent the rest of his life as a hermit in a cave on Mount Mondragone, where he reposed circa 679.

MARTIN of VERTOU, ordained to the Deaconate, or possibly Priesthood, by St. Felix of Nantes (7th July), St. Martin was noted for being a wonderworker, as well as, being devoid of any skill as a preacher. He founded a hermitage at Vertou 8 km / 5 mi south-east of Nantes, in time the number of disciples who gathered around St. Martin necessitated founding an abbey, of which he served as the first Abbot. He reposed in 601.

6th November N.S.

COWEY (COOEY), there is no documentary record of St. Cowey’s existence. Local tradition claims that he lived as a hermit near the end of the Ards Peninsula in Co. Down, Ulster in the late seventh to early eighth century He is said to have performed long nightly vigils in the forest near present-day Portaferry, and there are three holy wells near where his church is believed to have stood. Some believe that St. Cowey, shortly before his repose (circa 731), was made Abbot of the great Moville Monastery, further north on the peninsula.

EDWEN, (Seventh Century), according to Welsh tradition, St. Edwen was either a (possibly illegitimate) daughter, or a niece of King St. Edwin of Northumbria (12th October), however, definitive evidence extant to support this theory does not exist. St. Edwen is the patron saint of Llanedwin near the Menai Strait, in Anglesey, north Wales, where the parish church of St. Edwen is dedicated to her.

EFFLAM, a native of Britain who went to Brittany where he founded a monastery and served as its founding-abbot. St. Efflam reposed circa 700.

EMILIAN of FAENZA, a native of Ireland and said to have been a bishop, though no See is ever specified. Whilst returning from a pilgrimage to venerate the tombs of the Apostles in Rome, St. Emilian stopped at Faenza where he reposed, seemingly of natural causes. Nothing further seems to be known of his life. St. Emilian's relics are enshrined in the Cathedral of St. Peter the Apostle in Faenza.

ERLAFRID, Count of Calw, on the north of the Black Forest in the present-day German state of Baden-Württemberg founded the Hirschau Abbey at the suggestion of his son Noting, who at the time was Bishop of Vercelli in northern Italy. Most sources state St. Erlafrid, at some point received monastic tonsure at the Abbey, and later served as its Abbot.

FELIX of FONDI, (Sixth Century), a monk at a monastery (most likely the Abbey of San Magno) in Fondi in Lazia (present-day Italy). St. Felix was a contemporary of St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), who held St. Felix in great esteem and even called him a Saint. Nothing further is known of St. Felix.

FELIX of GENOA, an early Bishop of Genoa and spiritual father of St. Syrus of Genoa (29th June).

FELIX of THYNISSA, (Date Uncertain), a martyr in one of the early persecutions at Thynissa, near Hippo (present-day Annaba, Algeria). St. Felix unswervingly proclaimed his faith in Christ when brought before a judge. He was sentenced to be beheaded. However, the following morning the saint was found dead in his cell. No further information is extant.

ILLTYD (ILLTUT), though one of Wales’ most celebrated saints, very little is known of St. Illtyd’s life. He founded a great monastery which grew to become the town of Llantwit Major (Llanilltud Fawr) in the Vale of Glamorgan, Wales. This monastery, and its school of Cor Tewdws, produced many great saints, including SS. David (1st March), Samson of Dol (28th July), and Paul Aurelian (12th March). St. Illtyd reposed circa 505. Many churches in Wales are dedicated to him, including St. Illtyd’s Church, Llantwit Major, which stands on what is believed to have been the site of his monastery.

LEONARD of NOBLAC, a Frankish noble in the court of Clovis I converted by St. Remigius of Rheims (1st October). As his desire to grow ever closer to God kept growing, so St. Remigius recommended that St. Leonard consider monastic life. He entered the Abbey of Saint-Mesmin, at Micy near Orléans, and later lived as a hermit in the forest about 18 km / 11 mi east of Limoges, where the present-day village of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat is. St. Leonard is believed to have reposed circa 559.

LEONIANUS, a lay-man from Pannonia who was abducted and brought to Gaul to be a slave. Having gain his freedom, St. Leonianus lived as a hermit near Autun in Burgundy. Later he entered the Abbey of St. Symphorian at Autun where he received monastic tonsure, reposing circa 570.

SEVERUS, a Bishop of Barcelona who was martyred by Arian Visigoths in 633, who drove nails into his temple.

STEPHEN of APT(ÉTIENNE D'AGDE, STEPHANUS D'AGDE), born in Agde in southern Gaul, St. Stephen was consecrated Bishop of Apt in 1010 at the age of 35. While Bishop, St. Stephen had the cathedral rebuilt which was dedicated to SS. Peter, Mary, and Castor and he consecrated it in August 1038. St. Stephen reposed in 1046, and was buried in his cathedral.

WINOC, a Welshman who apparently fled to Brittany to escape the Saxon Invaders. He received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of St. Peter (later Abbey of St. Bertin) in Sithin (present-day Saint-Omer, Pas-de-Calais, France). Later St. Winoc was sent to establish a dependency of Sithin at Wormhoult in Flanders, serving as its Abbot. At Wormhoult, he and his monks worked to enlightening the area around their monastery. St. Winoc is believed to have reposed at the beginning of the eighth century.

Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.