Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome 6th November (NS) — 24th October (OS) 2019
CADFARCH, reputed to have been a member of a family of unspecified saints, St. Cadfarch was a sixth century disciple of St. Illtyd (6th November). He is believed to have founded a church in Penegoes, Powys, Wales, where there is a holy well known as St. Cadfarch’s Well, said to have healing properties.
Troparion of St. Cadfarch
Brother and companion of saints,
O Father Cadfarch, thou art truly numbered
among the Righteous of the Age of Saints.
Wherefore intercede for us, weak as we are,
that Christ our God will grant us great mercy.
EVERGISLUS (EBREGESILUS) of COLOGNE, an early fifth-century Bishop of Cologne in the present-day German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. St. Evergislus was martyred by bandits whilst visiting Tongeren in present-day Belgium.
FELIX (AFRICANUS) of THIBIUCA, AUDACTUS (ADAUCTUS) of THIBIUCA, JANUARIUS of THIBIUCA, FORTUNATUS of THIBIUCA, and SEPTIMUS of THIBIUCA, early victims of the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313). St. Felix, Bishop of Thibiuca in Africa Proconsularis, despite every enticement, refused to surrender Sacred Scriptures to the authorities. As a result, he along with Audactus, Januarius, Fortunatus, and Septimus, were martyred.
FROMUNDUS (FRÉMOND) of COUTANCES, Bishop of Coutances in Normandy (north-western France) from circa 674 until his repose circa 690. Whilst bishop, St. Fromundus founded the women's Abbey of the Our Lady of Ham (abbaye Notre-Dame de Ham) in Ham, in Normandy (north-western France).
MAGLORIUS (MAELOR) of WALES, a native of south Wales and possible relation of St. Samson of Dol (28th July), whom he accompanied to Brittany (north-western France). In Brittany they both became abbots, St. Samson at Dol, St. Maglorius at Lanmeur. Following the repose of St. Samson, St. Maglorius was appointed to succeed him as Bishop of Dol. Later he retired from his See, and went to Sark in the Channel Islands, there he founded a monastery where he lived until his repose circa 575. Later the relics of St. Maglorius were enshrined at the Église Saint-Jacques-du-Haut-Pas in Paris' 5th Arrondissement.
MARCIUS (MARK, MARTIN) of MONTE CASSINO, a hermit at Monte Cassino, whose virtues were acclaimed by St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), and was said to have been a wonderworker by the twelfth century librarian, chronicler, and hagiographer of the Abbey of Monte Cassino Peter the Deacon (†c. 1153). Towards the end of his life St. Marcius left Monte Cassino and spent the rest of his life as a hermit in a cave on Mount Mondragone (southern Italy), where he reposed circa 679.
MARTIN of VERTOU, ordained to the Deaconate, or possibly Priesthood, by St. Felix of Nantes (7th July), St. Martin was noted for being a wonderworker, as well as, being devoid of any skill as a preacher. He founded a hermitage at Vertou south-east of Nantes (Upper Brittany, western France), in time the number of disciples who gathered around St. Martin necessitated founding what came to be the Abbey of St. Martin of Vertou (abbaye Saint-Martin de Vertou), serving as its first Abbot. St. Martin reposed in 601.
COOEY (COWEY, CU'MHAIGHE), there is no documentary record of St. Cooey’s existence. Local tradition claims that he lived as a hermit near the end of the Ards Peninsula in Co. Down, Ulster in the late seventh to early eighth century He is said to have performed long nightly vigils in the forest near present-day Portaferry, and there are three holy wells near where his church is believed to have stood. Some believe that St. Cooey, shortly before his repose (circa 731), was made Abbot of the great Movilla (Magh Bile) Abbey, further north on the peninsula.
EDWEN of NORTHUMBRIA, (Seventh Century), according to Welsh tradition, St. Edwen was either a—possibly illegitimate—daughter, or a niece of St. Eadwine (12th October), King of Northumbria (r. 616–633) , however, definitive evidence extant to support this theory does not exist. St. Edwen is the patron saint of Llanedwin near the Menai Strait, in Anglesey, north Wales, where the parish church of St. Edwen is dedicated to her.
EFFLAM of BRITTANY, a native of Britain who went to Brittany (north-western France) where he founded a monastery and served as its first abbot. St. Efflam reposed circa 700.
EMILIAN of FAENZA, a native of Ireland and said to have been a bishop, though no See is ever specified. Whilst returning from a pilgrimage to venerate the tombs of the Apostles in Rome, St. Emilian stopped at Faenza (north-eastern Italy) where he reposed, seemingly of natural causes. Nothing further seems to be known of his life. St. Emilian's relics are enshrined in the Cathedral of St. Peter the Apostle (Cattedrale di San Pietro Apostolo) in Faenza.
ERLAFRID of HIRSCHAU, Count of Calw, on the north of the Black Forest in the present-day German state of Baden-Württemberg. St. Erlafrid founded the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul (Kloster Hirsau) at Calw in the present-day German state of Baden-Württemberg at the suggestion of his son Noting, who at the time was Bishop of Vercelli in northern Italy. Most sources state St. Erlafrid, at some point received monastic tonsure at the Abbey, and later served as its Abbot.
FELIX of FONDI, (Sixth Century), a monk at a monastery (most likely the Abbey of San Magno) in Fondi in Lazia (present-day Italy). St. Felix was a contemporary of St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), who held St. Felix in great esteem and even called him a Saint. Nothing further is known of St. Felix's life.
FELIX of GENOA, an early fifth century Bishop of Genoa (north-west Italy) and spiritual father of St. Syrus of Genoa (29th June).
FELIX of THYNISSA, (Date Uncertain), a martyr in one of the early persecutions at Thynissa, near Hippo (present-day Annaba, Algeria). St. Felix unswervingly proclaimed his faith in Christ when brought before a judge, who then sentenced St. Felix to be beheaded. However, the following morning the saint was found dead in his cell. No further information is extant.
ILLTUD (ILLTYD), though one of Wales’ most celebrated saints, little is known of St. Illtud’s life. He founded a great monastery which grew to become the town of Llantwit Major (Llanilltud Fawr) in the Vale of Glamorgan, Wales. This monastery, and its school of Cor Tewdws, produced many great saints, including SS. David of Wales (1st March), Samson of Dol (28th July), and Paul Aurelian (12th March). St. Illtyd reposed circa 505. Many churches in Wales are dedicated to him, including St. Illtud’s Church, Llantwit Major, which stands on what is believed to have been the site of his monastery.
LEONARD of NOBLAC, a Frankish noble in the court of Clovis I, King of the Franks, (r. 481–511) who was converted by St. Remigius of Rheims (1st October). As St. Leonard's desire to grow ever closer to God kept increasing St. Remigius recommended that he consider monastic life. He entered the Abbey of Saint-Mesmin (Abbaye Saint-Mesmin de Micy), at Micy near Orléans (north-central France), and later lived as a hermit in the forest where the present-day village of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat (west-central France) is located. St. Leonard is believed to have reposed circa 559.
LEONIANUS, a layman from Pannonia who was abducted and brought to Gaul as a slave. Upon gaining his freedom, St. Leonianus lived as a hermit near Autun in Burgundy (east-central France). Later he entered the Abbey of St. Symphorian (abbaye Saint-Symphorien d'Autun) at Autun where he received monastic tonsure, reposing circa 570.
SEVERUS, a Bishop of Barcelona (north-eastern Spain) who was martyred in 633 by having nails driven into his temple at the hand of Arian Visigoths.
STEPHEN of APT (ÉTIENNE D'AGDE, STEPHANUS D'AGDE), born in Agde (southern France), St. Stephen was consecrated Bishop of Apt (south-eastern France) in 1010 at the age of 35. While Bishop, St. Stephen had the cathedral—dedicated to SS. Peter, Mary, and Castor—rebuilt, consecrating it in August 1038. St. Stephen reposed in 1046 and was buried in his cathedral.
WINNOC of WORMHOUT, a Welshman who apparently fled to Brittany to escape the Saxon Invaders. He received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of St. Peter / abbaye Saint-Pierre (later the Abbey of St. Bertin / abbaye Saint-Bertin de Saint-Omer) in Sithiu (present-day Saint-Omer, France). Later St. Winnoc was sent to establish a dependency of Sithiu at Wormhout in Flanders (present-day Nord Department of France), serving as its first Abbot. St. Winnoc and his monks worked to enlightening the area around their monastery. St. Winnoc is believed to have reposed at the beginning of the eighth century.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.