Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
6th January (NS) — 24th December (OS)
24th December O.S.
ADELA, a daughter of King St. Dagobert II (23rd December) and sister of St. Irmina of Oeren (vide infra), and disciple of St. Boniface (5th June). Following the death of her husband, St. Adela received monastic tonsure and founded the monastery of Palatiolum in Pfalzel near Trier, serving as its first abbess. St. Adela reposed circa 730.
ALBERIC (ALBERT), a tenth century monk at Gladbach Abbey in the present-day city of Mönchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
BRUNO, a monk at Ottobeuren Abbey in Bavaria who reposed circa 1050.
CARANUS, (Seventh Century), nothing is known of the life of St. Caranus aside from a commemoration in the Aberdeen Breviary, which states he laboured in the east of Scotland.
DELPHINUS, second Bishop of Bordeaux, and friend of SS. Ambrose of Milan (7th December) and Venerius of Milan (4th May). An indefatigable foe of the Priscillianist heresy, and was a key figure in the conversion of St. Paulinus of Nola (22nd June), St. Delphinus reposed circa 404.
GREGORY of SPOLETO, (Date Unknown), no reliable information on St. Gregory’s life is extant, but he is believed to have been a priest who was martyred in Spoleto during the persecutions under Maximinian Herculeus.
IRMINA, a daughter of King St. Dagobert II (23rd December) and sister of St. Adela of Pfalzel (vide supra), St. Irmina was widowed on her wedding day. She then prevailed upon her father to build a monastery for her at Oeren, where she spent the rest of her life as a nun, reposing circa 708 - 716.
MARTYRS of TRIPOLI, (Date Unknown), an unknown number of martyrs at Tripoli in Africa Proconsularis, of whom the only details still extant are the names of six of them: SS. Lucian, Metrobius, Paul, Zenobius, Theotimus, and Drusus.
VENERANDUS, consecrated Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne 385, he served until his repose in 423. St. Venerandus was a great supporter of evangelism throughout the entire region.
6th January N.S.
ANASTASIUS, JUCUNDUS, FLORUS, FLORIANUS, PETER, RATITES, TATIA, and TILIS, (Fourth Century), an unknown number of Christians martyred at Syrmium in Pannonia (present-day Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia). The only surviving details are the names of these eight.
DIMAN (DIMAS, DIMA), a monk under St. Columba of Iona (9th June), and later Bishop of Connor in Ireland, St. Diman reposed 658. He was one of the prelates to whom the Church in Rome addressed its epistle on the Paschal Controversy and on the errors of Pelagianism.
EDEYRN, (Sixth Century), the patron saint of a church in Brittany, who spent the last part of his life as a hermit. Legend says St. Edeyrn was originally from Britain and a friend of King Arthur.
FREDERICK of ARRAS, a son of the Count of Verdun, St. Frederick gave his inheritance to the Bishop of Verdun. St. Frederick then went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. When he returned to France, St. Frederick received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Saint-Vanne in Verdun. He later served as Prior of the Abbey of St. Vaast in Arras, Pas-de-Calais. St. Frederick reposed in 1020.
HYWYN, (Sixth Century), St. Hywyn was most likely a companion of St. Cadfan (1st November) on his return journey from Brittany to Cornwall and Wales 516. It is believed that he was the founder of Aberdaron (Carnarvon); in addition, there are several churches in the West of England known as St. Owen’s or St. Ewen’s, which may have him for their patron. There are no other details of his life extant.
MACRA, a maiden from Rheims. St. Macra was tortured, mutilated, and martyred for being a Christian in Fismes in Champagne in 287, prior to the commencement of the Diocletianic Persecution.
MARTYRS of NORTH-WEST AFRICA, an unknown number of Christians burnt at the stake during the persecutions under Septimius Severus circa 210.
MELANIUS (MELAINE), a Breton who served as Bishop of Rennes during the time of the Frankish invasion of Gaul. Following Clovis’ conversion to Christianity, St. Melanius enjoyed a favourable position in court. St. Melanius is remembered for his great sanctity and eradicating paganism from his See. He reposed circa 535.
MERINUS, a disciple of St. Donat (Dunwyd) (7th August) of Bangor, and patron saint of churches in Wales and in Brittany. He lived at some point in the sixth century; there is no further information on this saint extant.
PETER of CANTERBURY, a member of the Gregorian mission to the Anglo-Saxons, St. Peter was the first Abbot of the monastery (SS. Peter and Paul — later St. Augustine’s) founded by St. Augustine of Canterbury (27th May). St. Peter was killed at Ambleteuse, near Boulogne either 607 or 614. His relics are still honoured at the location of his repose.
SCHOTIN (SCARTHIN), (Sixth Century), whilst still quite young, St. Schotin left his native Ireland to become a disciple of St. David (1st March) in Wales. He later returned to Ireland, living as a hermit on Mt. Mairge in Leix for many years, St. Schotin was also the founder of a school for youths at Kilkenny.
WILTRUDIS, widow of Berthold, Duke of Bavaria, who received monastic tonsure (circa 947) and founded Bergen Abbey near Neuburg an der Donau, Bavaria (circa 976). St. Wiltrudis reposed circa 986.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.