Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
6th February (NS) — 24th January (OS)
24th January O.S.
ARTEMIUS (ARTHEMIUS), a Royal Imperial Legate, who, whilst traveling through Gaul on a mission to Spain, fell ill. He then settled in Clermont in the Auvergne, and his sanctity is said to have been such that he was chosen to be the sixth Bishop of that Diocese. St. Artemius reposed in 396.
BERTRAND (BERTRAM, BERTRAN, EBERTRAM), (Seventh Century), a friend and disciple of St. Bertin (5th September), who also assisted St. Omer (9th September) enlighten northern Gaul and Flanders, and later became Abbot of Saint-Quentin.
CADOC (DOCUS, CATHMAEL, CADVACI), St. Cadoc was a son of Gwynllyw, King of Gwynllwg in South Wales, and Gwladys, the daughter of King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), and a nephew of St. Petroc (4th June). He founded the famous monastery of Llancarfan in Glamorgan, which grew to be an illustrious nursery of holy men. Accompanied by St. Gildas (29th January), he assumed an hermetic life on an island off the coast of Vannes in Brittany. After several years, he returned to Britain, settling in the settled in the Eastern counties, and, it is believed, taking spiritual charge of the Britons. St. Cadoc was martyred by the conquering Saxons circa 580, near Weedon in Northamptonshire.
EXUPERANTIUS, (Fifth Century), an early Bishop of Cingoli, approximately 35 km / 22 mi South-West of Ancona, in the Marches, present-day Italy. It is generally accepted that St. Exuperantius was a native of Northern Africa.
FELICIAN, a disciple of Pope St. Eleutherius (26th May), who later priested him. St. Felician was consecrated Bishop of his native city of Foligno by Pope St. Victor I (28th July). He served that See, and for a while was the only bishop in northern Italy, until 250. During the Decian Persecution St. Felician was arrested, tortured, and martyred (250). He was originally buried at Foligno, though his relics were translated to Metz, France, in October of 970.
GUASACHT, (Fifth Century), the son of the Chieftan Maelchu, St. Patrick's (17th March) master when he was enslaved in Ireland. St. Guasacht was converted by St. Patrick, and eventually became one of his fellow workers in the conversion of the Irish, and ultimately was consecrated Bishop of Granard (Co. Longford).
SURANUS, the abbot of a monastery at Sora near Caserta in present-day Lazio, Italy. During the Lombard invasion, St. Suranus exhausted the whole of the monastery's wealth aiding refugees. As a result, when the Lombards reached the monastery and found nothing left to loot, they they martyred Suranus on the spot circa 580. In his Dialogues, St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) was unambiguous in his praises of St. Suranus
ZAMA, though he is generally considered to have been the first Bishop of Bologna, many, pace ecclesiastical historian Baronius, maintain that Bologna's importance as a city, would mean it was a Bishopric much earlier. St. Zama is said to have been consecrated by Pope St. Dionysius (26th December), and to have reposed just prior to the commencement of the Diocletianic Persecution, circa 268.
6th February N.S.
AMAND (AMANDUS) of MAASTRICHT, a native of Lower Poitou, St. Amand received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of St. Hilaire on the Île d'Yeu. His family was so firmly against him becoming a monk that they tried to have him kidnapped and undergo the seventh century equivalent of deprogramming. Needless to say, his family were not successful. After a few years at St. Hilaire Abbey, St. Amand moved to Bourges to study under St. Austregisilus (20th May) Bishop of Bourges. In Bourges, he lived as a hermit for fifteen years. Following a pilgrimage to Rome, St. Amand was consecrated a missionary bishop, and at the request of King Clothaire II, was sent to Flanders to evangelise the people. During his time in Flanders, he founded a monastery on the banks of the Elnon stream. Towards the end of his life, St. Amand retired to live at his monastery, reposing there circa 675.
ANDREW of ELNON, a disciple of St. Amandus (vide supra) at Elnon, whom he succeeded as Abbot. He reposed circa 690.
ANTHOLIAN (ANATOLIANUS), CASSIUS, LIMINIUS, MAXIMUS, and VICTORINUS, MARTYRS of AUVERGNE, according to St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) they were all martyred in Auvergne during the Valerian Persecutions circa 265.
JACUT and GUETHENOC, (fifth century), disciples of St. Budoc (9th December), who were forced to flee to Brittany along with their spiritual father. Their parents were SS. Fragan and Gwen (5th July), and their brother, the much better known, St. Winwalöe (Gwenaloe) (3rd March).
MEL (MELCHNO), he is commonly believed to have been one of the four sons of St. Patrick's (17th March) sister St. Darerca (22nd March) and her husband Conis. They all accompanied their uncle to Ireland with St. Mel becoming the first Bishop of Ardagh. St. Mel reposed circa 490; he is the patron saint of the Roman Catholic diocese of Ardagh and Clonmacnois, and is commemorated in the name of the cathedral church of the diocese in Longford.
MUN, St. Mun was one of the four nephews of St. Patrick (17th March), who joined their uncle in his apostolic labours. St. Patrick consecrated him bishop over the area of the present Co. Longford. St. Mun ended his days as a hermit on an island in Lough Ree.
TANCO (TANCHO, TATTA), an Irish monk who worked to enlighten the pagans of Saxony. St. Tanco served as fourth Abbot of Amorbach Abbey in Lower Franconia, Bavaria probably from circa 785 to circa 788, when he was consecrated Bishop of Bishop of Verden. Most sources list him as being the third bishop, however, the extent records were altered or damaged in the thirteenth century, and the supposed first bishop, Swibrecht, is, as far as can be determined, purely legendary. St. Tanco was martyred by pagans in 808.
VEDAST (VAAST, VAAT, GASTON, FOSTER), St. Vedast assisted St. Remigius (1st October) in his evangelisation of the Franks. When Clovis I decided to become a Christian, St. Vedast served as his catechist, and later as one of his advisors. In 499 St. Remigius consecrated St. Vedast Bishop of Arras with responsibility for the Diocese of Cambrai was added by St. Remigius in 510. St. Vedast served both dioceses until his repose in 539.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.