Dr. John (Ellsworth) Hutchison-Hall

Eastern Orthodox Christian theologian, historian, philosopher, and cultural commentator.

            

Home » Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome 6th April (NS) — 24th March (OS) 2020


Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
6th April (NS) — 24th March (OS) 2020

by | 6th April 2020 | Orthodox Western Saints

24th March (OS)

CAIMIN (CAMMIN) of LOUGH DERG, (Seventh Century), St. Caimin lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. However, his solitude was soon interrupted by the many disciples who were drawn to him, so St. Caimin founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches for his disciples. St. Caimin is also believed to have worked with St. Senan (8th March). A fragment of the Psalter of St. Caimin, copied in his own hand, is still extant.

CAIRLON (CAORLAN) of CASHEL, (Sixth Century), an Irish abbot who later served as Archbishop of Cashel. There is a legend that he died and was restored to life by St. Daig Maccairill (18th August). When St. Cairlon had been made Archbishop of Cashel, St. Daig Maccairill placed himself and his monks under his rule.

DOMANGARD (DONARD) of MAGHERA, the patron saint of Maghera, Co. Down, St. Domangard lived as an anchorite on the mountain now called Slieve-Donard, and reposed towards the end of the fifth century.

HILDELITH of BARKING, an English princess who spent most of her youth in Gaul and received monastic tonsure at either the Abbey of Notre-Dame-des-Chelles in Chelles (about 25 km / 15 mi east of Paris) or the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Faremoutiers in Faremoutiers-en-Brie (about 55 km /34 mi east of Paris). St. Erconwald of London (30th April) asked her to come to Barking, to train his sister St. Ethelburgh (11th October). St. Hildelith then stayed on as a nun, and became Abbess upon the repose of St. Ethelburgh. An educated and cultured woman, St. Hildelith was greatly admired by SS. Aldhelm of Sherborne (25th May), Bede the Venerable (25th May) and Boniface (5th June), she reposed circa 717.

LATINUS of BRESCIA, St. Flavius Latinus is traditionally considered to have been consecrated the third Bishop of Brescia in 84, succeeding his spiritual father St. Viator (14th December). St. Latinus ruled the See for thirty years before being arrested, tortured, and finally martyred in 115 during the reign of the Emperor Trajan (r. 98–117).

MACARTAN (MACARTIN, MACCARTHEN) of CLOGER, (Sixth Century), St. Macartan was an early disciple and faithful companion of St. Patrick (17th March), who consecrated him first Bishop of Clogher. According to legend St. Patrick gave his own crosier to St. Macartan when consecrating him. There is no further information on St. Macartan extant.

MARK of ROME and TIMOTHY of ROME, in a letter to St. Justus of Vienne (6th May), Pope St. Pius I (11th July) writes of these two martyrs, describing them as having been trained by the Apostles, and encourages all to follow their example. It seems that circa 150 is a likely date for their repose, unfortunately there is no other information on these saints extant.

PIGMENIUS of ROME, a priest in Rome martyred in 362 by drowning in the Tiber during the reign of Julian the Apostate (r. 361–363).

ROMULUS of AFRICA PROCONSULARIS and SECUNDUS (SECUNDULUS) of AFRICA PROCONSULARIS, (Date Unknown), two brothers who were martyred in Africa Proconsularis. As with so many of their contemporaries, all information on their lives has been lost.

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6th April (NS)

BERTHANC (BERCHAN) of KIRKWALL, According to all of the Scottish Kalendars, St. Berthanc spent his youth at Iona, and was later a Bishop of Kirkwall in the Orkneys. It appears that he reposed in Ireland circa 840, and his tomb is listed as being at Inishmore on the Bay of Galway, perhaps explaining the occasional surname of Fer-da-Leithe (man of two halves).

BRYCHAN of BRYCHEINIOG (BRYCHAN of BRECKNOCK), (Date Unknown), the holy and right-believing King Brychan of Brycheiniog (Brychan of Brecknock) is famous for fathering twenty-four children (by three wives). All his children became saints, as did some of their children. St. Brychan was a great patron of the Church and observer of Her teachings, and was considered a good king by his people. As he entered old age St. Brychan abdicated his throne in favour of his eldest son and retired to Ynys Brychan (possibly Lundy Island - off the coast of Devon, England) to live as a hermit, where he reposed and was buried at an advanced age.

CELESTINE (I), unanimously elected forty-third Pope of Rome in 422, St. Celestine focused much of his time as Pope defending orthodox Christianity from numerous heresies of the era. In addition to his opposition to the Manichaeans, Donatists, and Novatians, St. Celestine sent St. Germanus of Auxerre (31st July) to Britain to combat Pelagianism, later writing a treatise against semi-Pelagianism. He sent legates to the Third Œcumenical Council in Ephesus (431), at which the heresies of Nestorianism and Pelagianism were condemned. Following the Council, St. Celestine deposed Nestorius and excommunicated him. St. Celestine also sent SS. Palladius (7th July) and Patrick (17th March) to evangelise the Scots and Irish. St. Celestine reposed in 432.

ELSTAN of ABINGDON, a disciple of St. Ethelwold (1st August) at Abingdon Abbey (St. Mary's Abbey in Abingdon; then Berkshire, now Oxfordshire), in England. He was renowned as a model of obedience, and succeeded St. Ethelwold as Abbot of Abingdon. St. Elstan was later was consecrated Bishop of Winchester. He reposed in 981 and was buried at Abingdon.

GENNARD, he received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of St. Peter / abbaye Saint-Pierre (later the Abbey of St. Wandrille / abbaye Saint-Wandrille) in Fontenelle, Normandy, where he was a disciple of St. Wandrille (22nd July). St. Gennard later served as Abbot of Fly (later Saint-Germer-de-Fly Abbey) in Picardy. He returned to Fontenelle to spend his last few years as a hermit. St. Gennard reposed in 720.

MARCELLINUS the MARTYR, an imperial representative sent by Emperor Honorius (r. 393–423) to preside over, and then enforce the decree of the Council of Carthage of 411 against the Donatist heresy in Africa Proconsularis. The zeal with which St. Marcellinus carried out his assignment so infuriated the Donatist leadership that they falsely accused St. Marcellinus of complicity with their rebels. As a result, St. Marcellinus was arrested and put to death without a trial in 413. St. Marcellinus was a great friend of St. Augustine of Hippo (28th August), and dedicated his book City of God to him.

MARTYRS of SIRMIUM, (Fourth Century), a group of Christians martyred in Sirmium, Pannonia (present-day Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia). Nothing is known of them besides their names: Florentius, Geminianus, Moderata, Romana, Rufina, Saturus, and Secundus.

NOTKER BALBULUS, a monk at the Abbey of St. Gall in present-day Switzerland, St. Notker had a speech impediment that earned him the nickname Balbulus, (the Stammerer). He was a great musician, best remembered for his Liber Hymnorum, a compilation of Sequences used in the Latin Liturgy, and credited by many for the actual introduction of Sequences to the Latin Liturgy. St. Notker reposed in 912.

PRUDENTIUS of TROYES (PRUDENTIUS GALINDO), as a young man he fled from the Saracens in his native Spain, to Francia where he served the court of King Louis the Pious (r. 781–840). In his middle ages St. Prudentius dedicated his life to the church, becoming a monk and in 845 was consecrated thirty-fifth Bishop of Troyes. He served that See until his repose in 861. St. Prudentius is also remembered for his historically important work on Annales Bertiniani (Annals of Saint Bertin), as well as his writings, including a treatise against John Scotus Erigena De prædestinatione contra Johannem Scotum, and Epistola tractoria ad Wenilonem, in which he defends his own theory of predestination.

ULCHED (ULCHAD, YLCHED), (Date Unknown), a Welsh saint for whom the church of Llechulched in Anglesey, Wales is named. There is no further information on his life extant.

URBAN of PEÑALBA, an abbot of the Monastery of Santiago de Peñalba in the Kingdom of León (in present-day Spain). St. Urban reposed circa 940.

WINEBALD (VINEBAUD), an Abbot of the Abbey of Saint-Loup of Troyes (abbaye de Saint-Loup, de Troyes), near Troyes in Champagne, present-day France. St. Winebald reposed circa 650.

Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.

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