Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
5th October (NS) — 22nd September (OS) 2019
DIGNA of ROME and EMERITA of ROME, Roman maidens who were arrested and tortured for being Christians during the reign of the Emperor Valerian (r. 253–260). Whilst standing before their judges and praying, SS. Digna and Emerita reposed. The pagans dumped their sacred remains in open country, which were rescued by their fellow Christians and interred with those of SS. Felix and Adauctus (30th August). Their relics were later translated to the Church of San Marcello al Corso in Rome and enshrined under the main altar.
EMMERAMUS (EMMERAM) of REGENSBURG, a native of Poitiers (west-central France) who went to Bavaria (southern Germany) to illuminate the still idolatrous local tribes. St. Emmeramus based himself at Regensburg (Ratisbon) in Bavaria, and later served as an Abbot-Bishop of Regensburg. St. Emmeramus was killed (circa 690) whilst on his way to Rome, and has been venerated as a martyr ever since. St. Emmeram's Abbey (Kloster Sankt Emmeram) was subsequently built over his grave circa 739.
FLORENTIUS (FLORENT, FLORENCE) the VENERABLE, (Fifth Century), a native of Bavaria (southern Germany) who was a disciple of St. Martin of Tours (11th November). St. Martin ordained St. Florentius to the priesthood and sent him to evangelise in Poitou (western-central France). In later life St. Florentius went to live as a hermit at Mt. Glonne in Anjou (western France), where he attracted so many disciples, an abbey (later called Abbaye de Saint-Florent-le-Vieil / the Abbey of St. Florent the Venerable) had to be built for them. St. Florentius reposed at an advanced age, some legends state 120 years, and was buried at his abbey.
JONAS (YON), a companion or disciple of St. Dionysius (Denis) of Paris (9th October), who evangelised Chartres (north-central France), and was martyred at some point in the third century.
LAUTO (LAUDO, LAUDUS, LÔ) of COUTANCES, a nobleman who served as the fifth Bishop of Coutances in Normandy (north-western France) from 528 until his repose in 568. Upon inheriting his family's estate, he donated the lands to his diocese, part of which became the village of Saint-Lô.
SALABERGA, healed of blindness by St. Eustace of Lisieux (29th March), as a child, and then married very young, and she was widowed after only two months of marriage. She then married Blandinus of Laon, with whom she had five children, including SS. Baldwin (16th October), and Anstrudis of Laon (17th October). Later in life St. Salaberga and Blandinus mutually agreed to separate and enter monastic life. Blandinus became an anchorite, and St. Salaberga was tonsured at the Abbey of St. Peter of Poulangy (l'abbaye Saint-Pierre de Poulangy). St. Salaberga went on to found the convent of St. John the Baptist (l'abbaye Saint-Jean de Laon) in Laon, Picardy (northern France), where she reposed circa 665.
SANCTINUS of MEAUX, whilst there is no definitive evidence extant, St. Sanctinus is traditionally considered to have been the first Bishop of Meaux (metropolitan Paris) and a disciple of St. Dionysius (Denis) of Paris (9th October). St. Sanctinus reposed circa 300.
SILVANUS of LEVROUX, (Date Unknown), an early saint venerated from time immemorial in Levroux, France. No reliable information on his life is extant.
THEBAN LEGION, the army of Emperor Maximian (r. 286–305) included a legion of Christians who were based at Thebes in Egypt. Whilst marching his army across the Alps (circa 287) to suppress a revolt in Gaul, the Emperor camped near Agaunum (the present-day town of St Maurice d'Agaune, in the south-western Swiss canton of Valais). There Maximian prepared his army for battle, which included making sacrifices to pagan gods. Naturally, the Christians refused to participate in these pagan rituals. Their refusal resulted in Maximian ruthlessly executing them. A basilica was later built in Agaunum, in which the relics of the martyrs were enshrined.
ALEXANDER of TRIER, (Third Century), one of the countless number of Christians martyred at Trier in the present-day German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, during the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313).
APOLLINARIS (AIPLONAY) of VALENCE, a member of a prominent Gallo-Roman family, and elder brother of St. Avitus of Vienne (5th February). St. Apollinaris served as the fifth Bishop of Valence in Burgundy (east-central France) from 486 until his repose, circa 520.
ATTILANUS, a native of Tarazona near Zaragoza in present-day Aragon, Spain, who worked with his friend St. Froilan (3rd October) to revitalise monastic life at Moreruela Abbey close to Zamora in Castile. St. Attilanus was consecrated Bishop of Zamora on Pentecost, 990 and reposed in 1009.
AYMARD of CLUNY, the third Abbot of the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Cluny (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Cluny — Cluny Abbey) 942–circa 952. Succeeding St. Odo of Cluny (11th May), St. Aymard ruled Cluny for about ten years before blindness led him to resign in favour of St. Majolus of Cluny (11th May). St. Aymard reposed in 965.
BONIFACE of TRIER, (Third Century), another of the countless Christian martyrs at Trier in the present-day German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, during the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313).
FIRMATUS of AUXERRE and FLAVIANA of AUXERRE, (Date Unknown), St. Firmatus, a deacon, and St. Flaviana, a virgin, are venerated at Auxerre in France. Whilst mentioned in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum, there is other no information about them extant. It is possible they may even be two of the companions of St. Palmatius (vide infra), some of whose relics appear to have been brought to France at some point.
GALLA of ROME, according to St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), St. Galla was a well born lady who was widowed in the first year of marriage. St. Galla then founded a monastery and hospital on the Vatican Hill, where she led the life of an anchoress, until her repose from cancer circa 550.
MAGDALVEUS (MADALVEUS, MAUVÉ) of VERDUN, a native of Verdun (north-eastern France), who, circa 736 was consecrated the twenty-fifth Bishop of that See. As Bishop, St. Magdalveus urged both the clergy and laity in his care to regularly receive the Sacrament of Confession and attend Liturgy with appropriate reverence. He reposed circa 776.
MARCELLINUS of RAVENNA, either the second or third Bishop of Ravenna (northern Italy), and said by some to have been a wonderworker. Most sources place him in the second half of the third century.
MEINULPH, a nobleman and godson of Charlemagne, King of the Franks (r. 768–814). St. Meinulph founded the monastery of Böddeken (Kloster Böddeken) in in the present-day German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is said that he chose the location for the monastery after seeing a stag with a cross in its antlers there. St. Meinulph reposed circa 857 at Böddeken Monastery.
PALMATIUS of TRIER and COMPANIONS, (Third Century), a large group of Christians martyred at Trier in the present-day German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, during the Diocletianic Persecution (303–313).
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.