Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
5th February (NS) — 23rd January (OS)
23rd January O.S.
AMASIUS, a cleric, generally said to have been Greek, who was forced into exile by the Arians, and settled in Campania. Following the repose of St. Paris (5th August) in 346, St. Amasius was appointed to succeed him in the See of Teano in Campania. He reposed in 356.
COLMAN of LISMORE, Abbot-Bishop of Lismore Co. Waterford. During St. Colman’s tenure as abbot, Lismore grew in fame, attracting a great number of disciples. St. Colman was the spiritual father of numerous holy men and illustrious prelates, and reposed in 702.
EMERENTIANA, a catechumen and foster-sister of St. Agnes (21st January). St. Emerentiana was found by a pagan mob praying at St. Agnes' tomb, who then beat her to death.
ILDEPHONSUS, a member of the Spanish nobility, nephew of St. Eugene of Toledo (13th November), and student of St. Isidore of Seville (4th April). St. Ildephonsus received monastic tonsure at, and later served as Abbot of, the Monastery of Agali near Toledo. St. Ildephonsus attended both the Eighth and Ninth Councils of Toledo in 653 and 655 respectively, and in 657 was consecrated Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo. A prolific and important writer, St. Ildephonsus' most significant work was De perpetua virginitate Mariae contra tres infidels, based upon St. Jerome's (30th September) earlier writings on the topic. St. Ildephonsus reposed at Toledo in 667.
LUFTHILD, known for her kindness to the poor, St. Lufthild lived from an early age as an anchoress in and around Cologne. She reposed circa 850.
MAIMBOD, an Irish itinerate missionary, who, whilst on pilgrimages throughout Gaul, preached the Gospels. There are two versions of his death, the first, which is supported by both the Acta Sanctorum and the noted hagiographer and historian John Colgan O.F.M. (†c. 1657), is St. Maimbod was given a pair of gloves by a nobleman in the hopes that St. Maimbod would remember him in his prayers. Whilst at prayer one day, a band of robbers seeing the gloves and assuming them to be an indication of wealth, beat him to death in the hopes of finding money and other valuables. The second version of his death is that he was martyred by pagans whilst preaching. Both of these events are said to have taken place in Alsace circa 880.
MARTYRIUS (MARTORY), (Sixth Century), a hermit in the Valeria, present-day Abruzzi, Italy. St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) wrote of his virtue, and miracles which came from St. Martyrius' prayers.
ORMOND (ARMAND), (Sixth Century), Abbot of the Abbey of Saint Mairé in present-day France, and supporter of monastic expansion and evangelisation.
SEVERIAN and AQUILA, (Date Unknown), two martyrs in Mauretania Caesariensis, North Africa. Though listed in all of the old martyrologies, nothing more is known of them.
5th February N.S.
ADELAIDE, A noble maiden from the Low Lands who received monastic tonsure at an early age. When her parents founded an abbey at Willich (just west of present-day Düsseldorf, Germany), St. Adelaide was appointed abbess. Some sources say she was a wonderworker. St. Adelaide reposed in 1015.
AGATHA, wife of a Count of Carinthia (present-day southern Austria and north-eastern Slovenia), who subjected her to grievous abuse. In time she was able to convert her husband to Christianity, and he reformed. Throughout her trials, St. Agatha was always devoted to the care of those in need. She reposed in 1024.
AGATHA, a native of either Catania or Palermo in Sicily (sources vary), where she was martyred. Arrested for being a Christian during the Decian Persecution, she was subjected to barbaric torture including having her breasts were cut off. St. Agatha succumbed to her wounds reposing circa 250. Her intercession is credited with protecting Catania during successive eruptions of nearby Mt. Etna.
AGRICOLA, Bishop of Tongeren (present-day Belgium) from 384 until his repose in 420.
AVITUS of VIENNE, Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus was a son of St. Hesychius I (12th November), a Roman senator who later was third Archbishop of Vienne, and brother of St. Apollinaris (5th October) fifth Bishop of Valence. St. Avitus succeeded his father as Archbishop of Vienne in 494. He was well respected as a bishop, both by the pagan Franks and the Arian Burgundians, and he converted the Burgundian King, Sigismund (r. 516–524). St. Avitus was also a somewhat prolific writer; his letters are of great import for their record of ecclesiastical and political history of the years 499–518. He reposed circa 525.
BERTULF (BERTULPHE, BERTULPH, BERTOUL), a native of Pannonia (present-day Hungary) or southern Germany, who as a young man emigrated to Flanders, settling in Renty. There influenced by St. Omer (9th September) St. Bertulf was converted and baptised. St. Bertulf undertook a pilgrimage to Rome, and upon returning to Renty, St. Omer ordained St. Bertulf to the priesthood, and he served as both a parish priest and founding-abbot of Renty Abbey. St. Bertulf reposed in 705.
GENUINUS (INGENUINUS) and ALBINUS, Bishops of Sabion (present-day Diocese of Brixen) in the Italian Tyrol. St. Genuinus flourished in the seventh century. St. Albinus, the son of St. Agatha of Carinthia (vide supra), flourished in the eleventh century.
INDRACT, information extant on this saint all dates from several hundred years after his supposed martyrdom, and hence is of questionable reliability. However, it is reasonably certain that he was a descendant of Irish chieftains who lived as a hermit for many years before undertaking a pilgrimage to Rome. While returning from this pilgrimage, he, along with several companions, was murdered by heathens near Glastonbury circa 710. Their relics were enshrined at Glastonbury Abbey, and they were venerated as martyrs.
MODESTUS, a disciple of St. Virgilius (27th November) at Salzburg, St. Modestus served as Bishop of Carinthia (present-day southern Austria and north-eastern Slovenia) in the early eighth century. St. Modestus' episcopacy is largely credited with the region embracing Christianity. He reposed circa 722.
VODOALDUS (VOEL, VODALUS, VODALIS), a missionary from the British Isles who went to evangelise Picardy and spent the later years of his life as a hermit at Soissons, where he reposed circa 725.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.