28th November (NS) — 15th November (OS)
ARNULF, the twenty-eighth Bishop of Toul in the north-east of present-day France. St. Arnulf served this See from 847 until his repose in 871. He was one of the ecclesiastics who opposed King Lothair II’s attempts to have his marriage dissolved.
DESIDERIUS, the thirteenth Bishop of Cahors, St. Desiderius succeeded his brother Rusticus to the See in 630 by request of the inhabitants. He served as Bishop until his repose in 655. As Bishop St. Desiderius fostered the growth of monasticism and was responsible for the building of three basilicas in his diocese.
EUGENE, (Date Uncertain), a fellow missionary with St. Denis of Paris (9th October). Whilst preaching the Gospel near Paris, St. Eugene was martyred by pagans. Some, or all, of his relics were translated to Toledo Spain, circa 1148.
FELIX of NOLA, not to be confused with the better-known St. Felix of Nola whose martyrdom in 250 is commemorated on 14th January. This St. Felix was the first Bishop of Nola near Naples, and was martyred, along with thirty companions, in 287.
FINDAN (FINTAN), a native of Leinster who was captured by Vikings and taken to the Orkneys as a slave. St. Findan managed to escape and headed to Rome as a pilgrim. As he was returning, St. Findan stopped at Rheinau Abbey (in the present-day Canton of Zürich, Switzerland), remaining there as a monk and for the last seventeen to twenty-two years of his life as a hermit. St. Findan reposed in either 827 or 879.
LUPERIUS, a Bishop of Verona, of whom no details are known, but is believed to have flourished in either the sixth or eighth century.
MACHUDD (MECHELL), (Seventh Century), the founding abbot of the monastery of Llanfechell (Church of St. Mechell) in Anglesey, Wales. A variety of miracles have been attributed to St. Machudd during his life including raising a giant from the dead, and then converting him to Christianity; turning thieves to stone, and then blinding and curing their leader.
MALO (MACHUTIS, MACLOU), (Late Sixth Century), a one-time disciple of St. Brendan the Voyager (16th May) and Welsh bishop, who evangelised, and was the first bishop of, the area of Brittany centred in what is present-day Saint-Malo.
PADUINUS (PAVIN), a monk at the Abbey of St. Vincent in Le Mans, who later served as the first Abbot of St. Mary's near Le Mans. St. Paduinus reposed circa 703.
SECUNDUS, FIDENTIAN, and VARICUS, (Date Unknown), martyrs in Africa Proconsularis of whom nothing further is known.
FIONNCHU, (Sixth Century), the successor of St. Comgall (10th May) as Abbot of Bangor Abbey, Co. Down, Ireland. Nothing further is known of his life.
HIPPOLYTUS, an Abbot-Bishop of Saint-Claude in the Jura mountains of present-day France, who reposed circa 775. No further details of his life are known.
PAPINIANUS and MANSUETUS, (Fifth Century), two bishops who were amongst the numerous orthodox Christians in North Africa martyred under the Arian Gaiseric, King of the Vandals (r. 428 - 477). It is believed SS. Papinianus and Mansuetus were burnt to death.
RUFUS and COMPANIONS, A Roman martyred along with his entire household in 304 during the Diocletianic Persecution.
VALERIAN, URBAN, CRESCENS, EUSTACE, CRESCONIUS, CRESCENTIAN, FELIX, HORTULANUS, and FLORENTIAN, (Fifth Century), North African bishops who were exiled by the the Arian Gaiseric, King of the Vandals (r. 428 - 477). Reposing in exile they were subsequently commemorated as Hiero-confessors.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.