Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
24th March (NS) — 11th March (OS) 2020
ÆNGUS (ANGUS), known as ‘the Culdee’, he was Abbot at Clonenagh, and then at Tallacht. He later returned to Clonenagh to serve as bishop. He is remembered for his Félire Óengusso (Martyrology of Ængus), consisting of 365 quatrains, one for each day of the year, framed between a lengthy prologue and epilogue, and is the earliest metrical martyrology to have been written in the Irish language of his day, and not in Latin. St. Ængus reposed circa 830.
ALBERTA, one of the early martyrs of the Diocletianic Persecution, in Agen, Aquitaine circa 286.
BENEDICT CRISPUS of MILAN, the Archbishop of Milan from circa 680 until his repose circa 725. St. Benedict authored the epitaph for the King St. Ceadwalla of Wessex (20th April). Little else is known of his life.
CANDIDUS, PIPERION, and COMPANIONS, a group of twenty-two martyrs in North Africa circa 257.
CONSTANTINE, (Date Unknown) an entry in the Martyrologium Romanum is as follows: “At Carthage, Saint Constantine, confessor”. Nothing else is known of his life.
EULOGIUS of CORDOBA, a prominent priest in Cordoba during the persecutions of Christians under the Emir Abd ar-Rahman II (r. 822–852). St. Eulogius was arrested several times for providing pastoral care and other support to imprisoned Christians. After hiding St. Leocritia (15th March), St. Eulogius was arrested a final time, scourged, and then beheaded on 11th March, 859.
FIRMIAN (FERMANUS, FIRMINUS), an Abbot of the Abbey of Saint Sabinus (Abbazia di San Sabino Piceno) near Fermo in the Marches of Ancona. St. Firmian reposed circa 1020. There is no further information on this saint extant.
HERACLIUS and ZOSIMUS, martyrs in Carthage North Africa circa 263 during the reign of co-Emperors Valerian and Gallienus (r. 253–260).
PETER the SPANIARD, (Date Unknown), a Spaniard who, following a pilgrimage to Rome, settled near Veroli in Lazio, where he lived as a hermit.
VIGILIUS, a Bishop of Auxerre, who was assassinated circa 685, it is believed, by order of Gistemar, Mayor of the Palace of Neustria and Burgundy (†c. 686).
VINDICIAN, following the repose of St. Aubert (13th December) circa 668, St. Vindician was elected his successor as Bishop of Cambrai-Arras. He never hesitated to chastise the Merovingian Kings, ministers, and courtiers for their outrageous behaviour when called for. Towards the end of his life, St. Vindician retired to the Abbey of St. Vaast (Abbaye de Saint-Vaast) in Arras, in present-day Pas-de-Calais, France, where he lived as a hermit until his repose circa 712.
CAIMIN (CAMMIN) of LOUGH DERG, (Seventh Century), St. Caimin lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. However, his solitude was soon interrupted by the many disciples who were drawn to him, so St. Caimin founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches for his disciples. St. Caimin is also believed to have worked with St. Senan (8th March). A fragment of the Psalter of St. Caimin, copied in his own hand, is still extant.
CAIRLON (CAORLAN) of CASHEL, (Sixth Century), an Irish abbot who later served as Archbishop of Cashel. There is a legend that he died and was restored to life by St. Daig Maccairill (18th August). When St. Cairlon had been made Archbishop of Cashel, St. Daig Maccairill placed himself and his monks under his rule.
DOMANGARD (DONARD) of MAGHERA, the patron saint of Maghera, Co. Down, St. Domangard lived as an anchorite on the mountain now called Slieve-Donard, and reposed towards the end of the fifth century.
HILDELITH of BARKING, an English princess who spent most of her youth in Gaul and received monastic tonsure at either the Abbey of Notre-Dame-des-Chelles in Chelles (about 25 km / 15 mi east of Paris) or the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Faremoutiers in Faremoutiers-en-Brie (about 55 km /34 mi east of Paris). St. Erconwald of London (30th April) asked her to come to Barking, to train his sister St. Ethelburgh (11th October). St. Hildelith then stayed on as a nun, and became Abbess upon the repose of St. Ethelburgh. An educated and cultured woman, St. Hildelith was greatly admired by SS. Aldhelm of Sherborne (25th May), Bede the Venerable (25th May) and Boniface (5th June), she reposed circa 717.
LATINUS of BRESCIA, St. Flavius Latinus is traditionally considered to have been consecrated the third Bishop of Brescia in 84, succeeding his spiritual father St. Viator (14th December). St. Latinus ruled the See for thirty years before being arrested, tortured, and finally martyred in 115 during the reign of the Emperor Trajan (r. 98–117).
MACARTAN (MACARTIN, MACCARTHEN) of CLOGER, (Sixth Century), St. Macartan was an early disciple and faithful companion of St. Patrick (17th March), who consecrated him first Bishop of Clogher. According to legend St. Patrick gave his own crosier to St. Macartan when consecrating him. There is no further information on St. Macartan extant.
MARK of ROME and TIMOTHY of ROME, in a letter to St. Justus of Vienne (6th May), Pope St. Pius I (11th July) writes of these two martyrs, describing them as having been trained by the Apostles, and encourages all to follow their example. It seems that circa 150 is a likely date for their repose, unfortunately there is no other information on these saints extant.
PIGMENIUS of ROME, a priest in Rome martyred in 362 by drowning in the Tiber during the reign of Julian the Apostate (r. 361–363).
ROMULUS of AFRICA PROCONSULARIS and SECUNDUS (SECUNDULUS) of AFRICA PROCONSULARIS, (Date Unknown), two brothers who were martyred in Africa Proconsularis. As with so many of their contemporaries, all information on their lives has been lost.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.